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SECTION 04210
CLAY UNIT MASONRY
 
 
Copyright 2008 - 2017 ARCAT, Inc. - All rights reserved
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Belden Brick Company (The); decorative clay masonry building units.
.
This section is based on the products of Belden Brick Company (The), which is located at:
700 W. Tuscarawas St. P. O. Box 20910
Canton, OH 44702
Tel: 330-456-0031
Fax: 330-456-2694
Email: request info (Brian.Belden@beldenbrick.com)
Web: www.beldenbrick.com
[ Click Here ] for additional information.
Belden Brick - you can see the quality difference that sets us apart.
With over 130 years of experience in the brick manufacturing business, The Belden Brick Company has set the Standard of Comparison in quality brick making. Belden Brick's quality management system was first assessed as being compliant with ISO 9001 in 1994, and its environmental management system was recognized as compliant with ISO 14001 in 2011. The Belden Brick Company continually ensures that our business continues to provide the industry with its high-quality products and customer satisfaction.
Belden Brick currently operates six manufacturing facilities in Sugarcreek, OH producing 240 million brick annually. Belden Brick philosophy has been to plan for the future by improving our processes, expanding production facilities and modernizing equipment on an on going basis.
The Belden Brick Company continues to meet the changing needs of the construction market by creating new colors, sizes, textures and special shapes. Belden Brick manufactures over 20 different sizes of face brick and clay pavers, more than 500 colors, 13 different textures and unlimited special shapes.
 
PART 1 GENERAL
 
1.1
SECTION INCLUDES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete items below not required for project.
 
A.
Clay masonry units and accessories including:
1.
Brick units.
2.
Anchors and ties.
3.
Expansion joints.
4.
Flashing.
5.
Reinforcement.
6.
Mortar.
7.
Cleaning.
1.2
PRODUCTS INSTALLED BUT NOT FURNISHED UNDER THIS SECTION
A.
Section 03300 - Concrete for grout.
B.
Section 04200 - Concrete Unit Masonry for concrete masonry units.
C.
Section 05500 - Metal fabrications for lintels and shelf angles.
D.
Section 07200 - Insulation for cavity insulation.
E.
Section 07600 - Flashing and Sheet Metal for flashing.
1.3
RELATED SECTIONS
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete any sections below not relevant to this project; add others as required.
 
A.
Section 03300 - Cast-In-Place Concrete.
B.
Section 03450 - Grout.
C.
Section 04200 - Concrete Unit Masonry.
D.
Section 05120 - Structural Steel.
E.
Section 05400 - Cold Formed Metal Framing.
F.
Section 05500 - Metal Fabrications.
G.
Section 06100 - Rough Carpentry.
H.
Section 07100 - Waterproofing.
I.
Section 07200 - Insulation.
1.4
REFERENCES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete references from the list below that are not actually required by the text of the edited section.
 
A.
ASTM International (ASTM):
1.
ASTM A 36 - Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel.
2.
ASTM A 82 - Standard Specification for Steel Wire, Plain, for Concrete Reinforcement.
3.
ASTM A 153 - Standard Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware.
4.
ASTM A 615 - Standard Specification for Deformed and Plain Carbon-Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement.
5.
ASTM A 616 - Standard Specification for Rail-Steel Deformed and Plain Bars for Concrete Reinforcement.
6.
ASTM A 617 - Standard Specification for Axle-Steel Deformed and Plain Bars for Concrete Reinforcement.
7.
ASTM A 666 - Standard Specification for Stainless and Heat-Resisting Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip.
8.
ASTM A 775 - Standard Specification for Epoxy-Coated Steel Reinforcing Bars.
9.
ASTM A996 - Standard Specification for Rail-Steel and Axle-Steel Deformed Bars for Concrete Reinforcement.
10.
ASTM B 370 - Standard Specification for Copper Sheet and Strip for Building Construction.
11.
ASTM C 67 - Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Brick and Structural Clay Tile.
12.
ASTM C 216 - Standard Specification for Facing Brick (Solid Masonry Units Made from Clay or Shale).
13.
ASTM C 270 - Standard Specification for Mortar for Unit Masonry.
14.
ASTM C 652 - Standard Specification for Hollow Brick (Hollow Masonry Units Made From Clay or Shale).
15.
ASTM D 1056 - Standard Specification for Flexible Cellular Materials - Sponge or Expanded Rubber.
16.
ASTM C 1088 - Standard Specification for Thin Veneer Brick Units Made from Clay or Shale.
1.5
SUBMITTALS
A.
Submit under provisions of Section 01300.
B.
Product Data: Manufacturer's data sheets on each product to be used, including:
1.
Preparation instructions and recommendations.
2.
Storage and handling requirements and recommendations.
3.
Installation methods.
C.
Samples: Furnish not less than five individual brick as samples, showing extreme variations in color and texture.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Include a mock-up if the project size and/or quality warrant taking such a precaution. The following is one example of how a mock-up on a large project might be specified. When deciding on the extent of the mock-up, consider all the major different types of work on the project.
 
D.
Sample Panel: Mock-up or sample panels shall be used to review brick and mortar color and serve as the standard of workmanship for the Project.
1.
Approximately 4 feet (1.2 m) long by 3 feet (1 m) high, showing the proposed color range, texture, bond, mortar and workmanship. All brick shipped for the sample shall be included in the panel.
2.
When required, provide a separate panel for each type of brick or mortar.
3.
Do not start work until Architect/Engineer has accepted sample panel.
4.
Use panel as standard of comparison for all masonry work built of same material.
5.
Do not destroy or move panel until work is completed and accepted by Architect.
1.6
QUALITY ASSURANCE
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert qualifications required. Delete if not required.
 
A.
Manufacturer Qualifications: Minimum 5 years manufacturing similar products.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert qualifications required. Delete if not required.
 
B.
Installer Qualifications: Minimum 2 years installing similar products.
C.
Brick Tests: Sample and test shall be in accordance with ASTM C 67.
D.
Test Reports:
1.
Testing and reports shall be completed by an independent laboratory.
2.
Test reports for each type of building and facing brick shall be submitted to the Architect/Engineer for review.
3.
Test reports shall indicate:
a.
Compressive strength.
b.
24 hour cold water absorption.
c.
5-hour boil absorption.
d.
Saturation coefficient.
e.
Initial rate of absorption.
f.
Efflorescence.
E.
Certificates: Prior to delivery, submit to Architect/Engineer certificates attesting compliance with the applicable specifications for grades, types or classes included in these specifications.
F.
Costs of Tests: Cost of tests shall be borne by the purchaser, unless tests indicate that units do not conform to the requirements of the specifications, in which case cost shall be borne by the seller.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert value if provision is required. Delete if not required.
 
G.
Prism Tests: Prism Tests shall be required when using engineered masonry (f 'm) =________psi).
1.7
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
A.
Store products in manufacturer's unopened packaging until ready for installation.
B.
Store brick off the ground to prevent contamination by mud, dust or other materials likely to cause staining or other defects.
C.
Cover all materials with a nonstaining waterproof membrane material when necessary to protect from elements.
D.
Store different types of materials separately.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete allowances if not required for project.
 
1.8
ALLOWANCES
A.
Allowance includes purchase of brick, taxes, delivery and any special handling charges.
B.
Special shaped brick units shall have a separate allowance.
1.9
PROJECT CONDITIONS
A.
Protection of Work:
1.
Wall Covering:
a.
During erection, cover top of wall with strong nonstaining waterproof membrane at end of each day or shutdown.
b.
Cover partially completed walls when work is not in progress.
c.
Extend cover minimum of 24 inches (610 mm) down both sides.
d.
Hold cover securely in place.
2.
Load Applications:
a.
Do not apply uniform floor or roof loading for at least 12 hours after building masonry columns or wall.
b.
Do not apply concentrated loads for at least 3 days after building masonry columns or walls.
3.
Stain Prevention:
a.
Prevent grout or mortar from staining the face of masonry.
b.
Remove immediately grout or mortar in contact with face of such masonry.
c.
Protect all sills, ledges and projections from droppings of mortar.
d.
Protect base of wall from rain-splashed mud and mortar splatter.
e.
Scaffold boards shall be turned on edge when work is not in progress.
B.
Cold Weather Protection:
1.
Preparation:
a.
When ice or snow has formed on masonry bed, remove by carefully applying heat not to exceed 120 degrees F (49 degrees C) until surface is dry to the touch.
b.
Remove all masonry deemed frozen or damaged.
2.
Products:
a.
When brick suction exceeds BIA reference standard, sprinkle with heated water:
1)
When units are above 32 degrees F (0 degrees C), heat water above 70 degrees F (21 degrees C).
2)
When units are below 32 degrees F (0 degrees C), heat water above 130 degrees F (54 degrees C).
b.
Use dry masonry units.
c.
Do not use wet or frozen units.
3.
Construction Requirements While Work is Progressing:
a.
Air temperature 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) to 32 degrees F (0 degrees C):
1)
Heat sand or mixing water to produce mortar temperatures between 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) to 32 degrees F (0 degrees C).
b.
Air temperature 32 degrees F (0 degrees C) to 25 degrees F (-4 degrees C):
1)
Heat sand and mixing water to produce temperatures between 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) and 120 degrees F (49 degrees C).
2)
Maintain temperature of mortar on boards above freezing.
c.
Air temperatures 25 degrees F (-4 degrees C) to 20 degrees F (-7 degrees C).
1)
Heat sand and mixing water to produce mortar temperatures between 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) and 120 degrees F. (49 degrees C).
2)
Maintain mortar temperatures on boards above freezing.
3)
Use salamanders or other heat sources on both sides of walls under construction.
4)
Use windbreaks when wind is in excess of 15 mph (24 kms/h).
d.
Air temperature 20 degrees F (-7 degrees C) and below:
1)
Heat sand and mixing water to produce mortar temperatures between 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) and 120 degrees F (49 degrees C.).
2)
Provide enclosures and auxiliary heat to maintain air temperature above 32 degrees F (0 degrees C).
3)
Minimum temperature of units when laid: 20 degrees F (-7 degrees C).
4.
Protection requirements for completed masonry and masonry not being worked on:
a.
Mean daily air temperature 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) to 32 degrees F (0 degrees C):
1)
Protect masonry from rain or snow for 24 hours by covering with weather-resistive membrane.
b.
Mean daily air temperature 32 degrees F (0 degrees C) to 25 degrees F (-4 degrees C):
1)
Completely cover masonry with weather-resistive membrane for 24 hrs.
c.
Mean daily temperature 25 degrees F (-4 degrees C) to 20 degrees F (-7 degrees C):
1)
Completely cover masonry with insulating blankets or equal protection for 24 hours.
d.
Mean daily air temperature 20 degrees F (-7 degrees C) and below:
1)
Maintain masonry temperature above 32 degrees F (0 degrees C) for 24 hours by:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete methods not required or allowed.
 
a)
Method: Enclosure and supplementary heat.
b)
Method: Electric heating blankets.
c)
Method: Infrared lamps.
d)
Method: Other approved methods.
C.
Hot Weather Protection:
1.
When temperature exceeds 100 degrees F or 90 degrees F with 8 mph wind (above 38 degrees C or 32 degrees C with 13 kms/h wind).
a.
Maintain temperature of mortar and grout between 70 degrees F and 120 degrees F (21 degrees C and 49 degrees C).
1)
Limit spread of mortar bed to 4 feet (1.2 m). Place units within 1 minute of spreading mortar.
b.
Partially or recently completed walls may be fog sprayed and/or covered with opaque plastic or canvas or both to control moisture evaporation.
PART 2 PRODUCTS
 
2.1
MANUFACTURERS
A.
Acceptable Manufacturer: Belden Brick Company (The), which is located at: 700 W. Tuscarawas St. P. O. Box 20910; Canton, OH 44702; Tel: 330-456-0031; Fax: 330-456-2694; Email: request info (Brian.Belden@beldenbrick.com); Web: www.beldenbrick.com
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete one of the following two paragraphs; coordinate with requirements of Division 1 section on product options and substitutions.
 
B.
Substitutions: Not permitted.
C.
Requests for substitutions will be considered in accordance with provisions of Section 01600.
2.2
CLAY MASONRY UNITS
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert product name required for project.
 
A.
All brick specified and shown on drawing shall be ______________________ as Manufactured by The Belden Brick Company.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete brick types not required.
 
1.
Facing Brick: ASTM C 216, Grade SW,
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete types not required.
 
a.
Type FBS.
b.
Type FBX.
c.
Type FBA.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert size required for project.
 
d.
Size: _____ by _____ by _____ (t by h by l)
2.
Hollow Brick: ASTM C 652, Grade SW.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete types not required.
 
a.
Type HBS.
b.
Type HBX.
c.
Type HBA.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert size required for project.
 
d.
Size: _____ by _____ by _____(t by h by l)
3.
Thin Veneer Brick: ASTM C 1088.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete grade not required.
 
a.
Grade Exterior.
b.
Grade Interior.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete types not required.
 
c.
Type TBS.
d.
Type TBX.
e.
Type TBA.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert size required for project.
 
f.
Size: _____ by _____ by _____ (t by h by l).
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert value required for project. Not applicable to thin brick confirming with ASTM C 1088.
 
B.
Minimum Compressive Strength: ______. (Not applicable to Thin Brick conforming with ASTM C1088.)
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert value required for project.
 
C.
Maximum Initial Rate of Absorption (IRA): _______.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete if brick allowance is required for Project.
 
D.
Provide brick similar in texture, color and physical properties to those available for inspection at the Architect/Engineer's office and/or as supplied on the approved sample panel.
E.
Shapes: Special shapes are required to be used per architectural detail(s).
F.
All brick supplied shall be pre-blended by the manufacturer.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete if steel reinforcement is not required. Typically retain all reinforcing bar types, except epoxy coated rebar is typically more corrosion-resistant and more costly. Delete epoxy coated billet steel if not required.
 
2.3
STEEL REINFORCEMENT
A.
Reinforcing Bars:
1.
Billet Steel Deformed Bars: ASTM A 615.
2.
Rail Steel Deformed Bars: ASTM A 616 or A996.
3.
Axle Steel Deformed Bars: ASTM A 617 or A996.
4.
Epoxy Coated Billet Steel: ASTM A 615 and ASTM A 775.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Several types are typically required for a project. Delete types not required.
 
2.4
ANCHORS AND TIES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Corrugated ties are only recommended on 1 to 3 story residential or commercial buildings. Delete if not required.
 
A.
Corrugated Ties: ASTM A 1008, 20 Gage, Width: __________ inch, length: ___________ inches, Galvanized: ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete joint reinforcement not required.
 
B.
Truss Joint Reinforcement: ASTM A 82 (ASTM A 666), Size________, Galvanized: ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
C.
Ladder Joint Reinforcement: ASTM A 82 (ASTM A 666), Size________, Galvanized: ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
D.
Wire Wall Ties: ASTM A 82, Wire Size: ________, Shape: ________, Length: ________ inches, Galvanized: ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
E.
Dovetail Anchors: ASTM A 1008, Gage: ______, Length: _______ inches, Galvanized: ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
F.
Anchors:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete anchors not required.
 
1.
Plate Bent Bar Anchors: ASTM A 36, Diameter: ________inch, Length: ________ inches, Galvanized: ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
2.
Plate Header Bar Anchors: ASTM A 36, Diameter: ________ inch, Length: ________ inches, Galvanized: ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Several types are typically required for a project. Delete types not required.
 
2.5
FLASHING
A.
Copper: ASTM B 370, 5 oz.
B.
Copper: ASTM B 370, 7 oz.
C.
Stainless Steel: ASTM A 666, Grade_______, Type 304.
D.
Plastic: PVC, 30 mil (0.75 mm) thick.
E.
Copper/Fabric: 5 oz.
F.
Plastic/Copper: 5 oz.
G.
Asphalt-Coated Copper: 5 oz.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Several types are typically required for a project. Delete types not required or retain all.
 
2.6
EXPANSION JOINTS
A.
Premolded Foam: ASTM D 1056, Type 2, Class A, Grade 1.
B.
Neoprene: ASTM D 1056, Type 2, Class A, Grade 1.
C.
Backer Rod: Extruded, Closed Cell Polyethylene.
2.7
ACCESSORlES
A.
Weepholes:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Typically delete three of the four following types of weephole material.
 
1.
Rope Wicks: Cotton Sash Cord, 12 inches long with end laid in cavity.
2.
Plastic Tubes: 1/4 inch (6 mm) minimum inside diameter by 4 inches (102 mm) long.
3.
Aluminum Weep/Vents.
4.
Plastic Weep/Vents.
2.8
MORTAR
A.
Mortar shall conform to ASTM C 270 under the guidelines provided in BIA Technical Notes #8 Series.
PART 3 EXECUTION
 
3.1
EXAMINATION
A.
Do not begin installation until substrates have been properly prepared.
B.
If substrate preparation is the responsibility of another installer, notify Architect of unsatisfactory preparation before proceeding.
3.2
PREPARATION
A.
Clean surfaces thoroughly prior to installation.
B.
Cleaning Reinforcement: Remove mud, loose rust, ice and other coatings from reinforcement which would interfere with bond.
C.
Prepare surfaces using the methods recommended by the manufacturer for achieving the best result for the substrate under the project conditions.
3.3
INSTALLATION
A.
Install in accordance with manufacturer's instructions.
3.4
BONDING
A.
Lay masonry in bond pattern as indicated on drawings or general notes. Reference BIA Technical Note #30 for additional requirements.
3.5
LAYING MASONRY
A.
Lay masonry with full head and bed joints.
B.
Lay all brick plumb and true to lines.
C.
Where fresh mortar joins partially set mortar, remove loose brick and mortar, and lightly wet exposed surface of set masonry.
D.
Toothing shall be subject to approval by the Architect/Engineer.
E.
When adjustment is necessary to be made after mortar begins to harden, remove hardened mortar and replace with fresh mortar.
3.6
TOOLING AND POINTING
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete joint profiles not required.
 
A.
Joint Profile: Tool mortar joints to a concave appearance.
B.
Joint Profile: Tool mortar joints to a concave V-shaped appearance.
C.
Joint Profile: Tool mortar joints to a concave grapevine appearance.
D.
Tool exposed joints when "thumb-print" hard.
E.
Flush cut all joints not tooled.
F.
When pointing, rake mortar joints to a depth of not less than 1/2 inch (12 mm). Fill solidly with pointing mortar. Tool joints.
3.7
FLASHING
A.
Clean surface of masonry from projections which might puncture flashing.
B.
Place through-wall flashing on bed of mortar. Cover flashing with mortar.
C.
Lap flashing a minimum of 6 inches (152 mm).
D.
Leave flashing project from face of wall approximately 1/4 inch (6 mm) to form a drip. Flashing shall be cut back to the face of the wall after inspection, if the drip is deemed objectionable by Architect.
3.8
WEEPHOLES
A.
Provide weep holes in head joints of the first brick course immediately above flashing by placing weeps no more than 24 inches (610 mm) on center horizontally.
B.
Keep cavity free from mortar.
3.9
EXPANSION JOINTS
A.
Keep clean from all mortar and debris. Locate as shown on drawings. Install neoprene pre-molded foam pad. Install backer rod. Install sealant. Prime surfaces if necessary.
3.10
CLEANING
A.
Cut out all defective mortar joints and holes in exposed masonry and provide new mortar.
B.
Clean pre-selected sample wall area. Do not proceed with cleaning until approved by Architect.
C.
Clean brick as outlined in BIA Technical Notes 20.
D.
All cleaning practices and product used shall be in accordance with cleaning products manufacturer's printed instructions.
END OF SECTION