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Epro Waterproofing Systems Cold Fluid-Applied Waterproofing
 
         
SECTION 07141
 
         
COLD FLUID-APPLIED WATERPROOFING
 
         
Copyright 2003 - 2003 ARCAT, Inc. - All rights reserved

          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Epro; high performance waterproofing for both above and below grade applications.

This section is based on the products of Epro Services, Inc., which is located at:
PO Box 347
Derby, KS 67037
Tel: (800) 882-1896
Tel: (316) 262-2513
Fax: (316) 262-2529
additional product info

Epro provides custom engineered solutions for above- and below-grade waterproofing applications. In addition to waterproofing basement and foundation walls, Epro's systems are suitable for critical applications such as tunnels, blind-side waterproofing, under slabs, planters, and decks. Epro's sprayed waterproofing adheres to concrete, masonry, wood, and insulated concrete forms. Drainage panels and geomembranes provide second and third layer water resistance. Air and methane barriers use similar construction.

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          PART 1GENERAL
 
          1.1SECTION INCLUDES
 
          A.Waterproofing membrane, sheet flashing and accessories, including:
          1.Geomembrane protection course.
          2.Drainage panels.
          3.Substrate preparation.
 
          1.2RELATED SECTIONS
          Delete any sections below not relevant to this project; add others as required.
 
          A.Section _____ - __________: Soil and rock anchors, lagging.
 
          B.Section 02620 - Subdrainage: Foundation drainage piping, filter fabric, and drainage fill.
 
          C.Section 03300 - Cast-In-Place Concrete: Concrete placement, curing, and finishing.
 
          D.Section 03371 - Shotcrete.
 
          E.Section 03411 - Structural Precast Concrete: Precast concrete members and placement.
 
          F.Section 05810 - Expansion Joint Cover Assemblies.
 
          G.Section 06150 - Wood Decking: Plywood decks.
 
          H.Section 07900 - Joint Sealers.
 
          1.3REFERENCES
          Delete references from the list below that are not actually required by the text of the edited section; add others as required.
 
          A.ASTM C 836 - Standard Specification for High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane for Use with Separate Wearing Course; 2000.
 
          B.ASTM C 898 - Standard Guide for Use of High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane with Separate Wearing Course; 2001.
 
          C.ASTM D 412 - Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers--Tension; 1998a (Reapproved 2002).
 
          D.ASTM D 543 - Standard Test Methods for Resistance of Plastics to Chemical Reagents.
 
          E.ASTM D 751 - Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics; 2000.
 
          F.ASTM D 1434 - Standard Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristics of Plastic Film and Sheeting; 1982 (Reapproved 1998).
 
          G.ASTM D 1621 - Standard Specification for Flexible Cellular Materials--Vinyl Chloride Polymers and Copolymers (Open-Cell Foam); 1981 (Reapproved 1990).
 
          H.ASTM D 1709 - Standard Specification for Impact Resistance of Plastic Film by the Free-Falling Dart Method; 2001.
 
          I.ASTM D 1777 - Standard Test Method for Thickness of Textile Materials; 1996 (Reapproved 2002).
 
          J.ASTM D 1790 - Standard Test Method for Brittleness Temperature of Plastic Sheeting by Impact; 2002.
 
          K.ASTM D 3786 - Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Bursting Strength of Knitted Goods and Nonwoven Fabrics--Diaphragm Bursting Strength Tester Method; 1987.
 
          L.ASTM D 4258 - Standard Practice for Surface Cleaning Concrete for Coating; 1983 (Reapproved 1999).
 
          M.ASTM D 4355 - Standard Test Method for Deterioration of Geotextiles by Exposure to Light, Moisture, and Heat in a Xenon Arc Type Apparatus; 2002/
 
          N.ASTM D 4491 - Standard Test Methods for Water Permeability of Geotextiles by Permittivity; 1999a.
 
          O.ASTM D 4533 - Standard Test Method for Trapezoid Tearing Strength of Geotextiles; 1991 (Reapproved 1996).
 
          P.ASTM D 4632 - Standard Test Method for Grab Breaking Load and Elongation of Geotextiles; 1991 (Reapproved 1996).
 
          Q.ASTM D 4716 - Test Method for Determining the (In-plane) Flow Rate per Unit Width and Hydraulic Transmissivity of a Geosynthetic Using a Constant Head; 2001.
 
          R.ASTM D 4751 - Standard Test Method for Determining Apparent Opening Size of a Geotextile; 1999a.
 
          S.ASTM D 4833 - Standard Test Method for Index Puncture Resistance of Geotextiles, Geomembranes, and Related Products; 2000.
 
          T.ASTM E 96 - Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials; 2000.
 
          U.ASTM E 97 - Standard Method of Test for Directional Reflectance Factor, 45-Deg 0-Deg, of Opaque Specimens by Broad-Band Filter Reflectometry; 1982 (Reapproved 1987); Withdrawn 1991.
 
          V.ASTM E 154 - Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Retarders Used in Contact with Earth Under Concrete Slabs, on Walls, or as Ground Cover; 1999.
 
          W.ASTM G 21 - Standard Practice for Determining Resistance of Synthetic Polymeric Materials to Fungi; 1996 (Reapproved 2002).
 
          X.ASTM G 23 - Standard Practice for Operating Light-Exposure Apparatus (Carbon-Arc Type) With and Without Water for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials; 1996.
 
          1.4SUBMITTALS
 
          A.Product Data: For each type of waterproofing specified submit manufacturer's printed technical data, tested physical and performance properties, instructions for evaluating, preparing, and treating substrates, and installation instructions.
 
          B.Shop Drawings: Drawings prepared specifically for this project, showing locations and extent of waterproofing, details for substrate joints and cracks, sheet flashing, penetrations, and termination conditions.
 
          C.Samples: Submit two samples of each of the following:
          1.Waterproof membrane material.
          2.Geomembrane material.
          3.Drainage panel.
          4.Joint reinforcing strip.
 
          D.Installer Certification: Certificate signed by manufacturer certifying installer qualifications.
 
          1.5QUALITY ASSURANCE
 
          A.Installer Qualifications: Engage an experienced Installer who is certified in writing and approved by waterproofing manufacturer for the installation of the specified waterproofing system.
 
          B.Mock-Up: Apply waterproofing system to 100 square feet (9.3 sq m) of surface to demonstrate surface preparation, joint and crack treatment, thickness, texture, and standard of workmanship.
          1.Notify Architect one week in advance of the dates and times when mock-up will be prepared.
          2.If Architect determines that mock-up does not meet requirements, reapply waterproofing until mock-up is approved.
          3.Retain and maintain approved mock-up during construction in undisturbed condition as standard for judging completed waterproofing. Undamaged mock-up may become part of the completed work.
 
          C.Pre-installation Meeting: Hold a pre-installation meeting prior to application of waterproofing system to ensure proper substrate and installation conditions; require attendance of contractor and applicator; invite Architect and special inspector, if any.
 
          1.6DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
 
          A.Deliver materials to site labeled with manufacturer's name, product brand name and type, date of manufacture, shelf life, and directions for storing and mixing with other components.
 
          B.Store materials as required by waterproofing manufacturer in clean, dry, protected location and within temperature range required by waterproofing manufacturer. Protect stored materials from direct sunlight.
 
          C.Remove and replace material that cannot be applied within its stated shelf life.
 
          1.7PROJECT CONDITIONS
 
          A.Protect adjacent areas not to be waterproofed. Where necessary, apply masking to prevent staining of surfaces to remain exposed wherever membrane abuts to other finish surfaces.
 
          B.Perform work only when existing and forecast weather conditions are within manufacturer's recommendations for material and application method used; minimum ambient temperature is 45 degrees F (7 degrees C).
 
          1.8WARRANTY
 
          A.General Warranty: The special warranty specified in this Article shall not deprive the Owner of other rights the Owner may have under other provisions of the Contract Documents, and shall be in addition to, and run concurrent with, other warranties made by the Contractor under requirements of the Contract Documents.
 
          B.Provide written warranty signed by waterproofing manufacturer and installer agreeing to repair or replace waterproofing that does not meet requirements or that does not remain watertight within the specified warranty period.
          1.Warranty Period: 3 years after date of Substantial Completion.
          2.Warranty does not include failure of waterproofing due to failure of substrate or formation of new joints and cracks in substrate that exceed 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) in width.
 
          PART 2PRODUCTS
 
          2.1MANUFACTURERS
 
          A.Acceptable Manufacturer: Epro Waterproofing Systems, which is located at: P. O. Box 347 ; Derby, KS 67037; Toll Free Tel: 800-882-1896; Tel: 316-262-2513; Fax: 316-262-2529; Email: request info; Web: www.eproserv.com
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete one of the following two paragraphs; coordinate with requirements of Division 1 section on product options and substitutions.
 
          B.Requests for substitutions will be considered in accordance with provisions of Section 01600.
 
          C.Single Source: Obtain all waterproofing materials and system components from a single manufacturer.
 
          2.2WATERPROOFING SYSTEMS
 
          A.General: Provide waterproofing systems that prevent the passage of liquid water under hydrostatic pressure and that comply with specified physical requirements as demonstrated by testing performed by independent testing agency on manufacturer's current waterproofing formulations and system design; use materials specified below.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete all of the systems below that do not apply to the project. If more than one system with the same name is required, edit the names to indicate where each is to be used.
 
          B.Blindside/Lagging Walls: Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.First Course: Lagging walls, lagging timbers and soldier beams
          2.Second Course: Polyethylene drainage panel applied directly to lagging surface.
          3.Third Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 80 mils (2 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 60 mils (1.5 mm).
          4.Fourth Course: Shotcrete, as specified in Section 03371.
 
          C.Blindside/Shotcrete and Soil Nails: Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.First Course: Shotcrete, with weepholes extending into drainage panel; as specified in Section 03371.
          2.Second Course: Polyethylene drainage panel applied directly to Shotcrete surface.
          3.Third Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 80 mils (2 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 60 mils (1.5 mm).
          4.Fourth Course: Shotcrete, as specified in Section 03371.
 
          D.Blindside/Soil Nails and Earth
          1.First Course: Polyethylene drainage panel applied directly to soil surface.
          2.Second Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 80-mils (2mm) minimal thickness average when dry, minimum 60-mils (1.5mm).
          3.Third Course: Shotcrete, as specified in Section 03371.
 
          E.Blindside/Sheet Piling:
          1.1. First Course: Sheet Piling.
          2.2. Second Course: Polyethylene drainage panel applied directly to Sheet Piling surface.
          3.3. Third Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 80-mils (2mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 60-mils (1.5mm).
          4.4. Fourth Course: Shotcrete, as specified in Section 03371.
 
          F.Underground Structures, Including Tunnels -- Top/Outside Waterproofing (See Slab on Grade Section): Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.First Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 80 mils (2 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 60 mils (1.5 mm).
          2.Second Course: Polyethylene geomembrane, 10 mils (0.25 mm) thickness.
          3.Third Course: Polyethylene drainage panel.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete all but one of the following foundation wall assemblies.
 
          G.Foundation Walls Not More Than 12 Feet (3660 mm) Below Grade: Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.First Course: Standard duty fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, spray-applied, or roller-applied high performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing; 80 mils (2 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 60 mils (1.5 mm).
          2.Second Course: Polyethylene drainage panel.
 
          H.Foundation Walls: Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.First Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 80 mils (2 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 60 mils (1.5 mm).
          2.Second Course: Polyethylene geomembrane, minimum 8 mils (0.20 mm) thickness.
          3.Third Course for Vertical Structures 30 Feet (9150 mm) High or Less: Polyethylene drainage panel.
          4.Third Course for Vertical Structures Over 30 Feet (9150 mm) High: Standard duty polypropylene drainage panel.
 
          I.Foundation Walls: Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.First Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 80 mils (2 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 60 mils (1.5 mm).
          2.Second Course: Polyethylene geomembrane, minimum 10 mils (0.25 mm) thickness.
          3.Third Course: Rigid insulation, as specified in Section 07212.
          4.Fourth Course for Vertical Structures 30 Feet (9150 mm) High or Less: Polyethylene drainage panel.
          5.Fourth Course for Vertical Structures Over 30 Feet (9150 mm) High: Standard duty polypropylene drainage panel.
 
          J.Planters -- Concrete and Concrete Masonry: Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.First Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 80 mils (2 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 60 mils (1.5 mm).
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete one of the following two paragraphs.
          2.Second Course: Polyethylene geomembrane, minimum 10 mils (0.25 mm) thickness.
          3.Second Course: Polyethylene geomembrane, minimum 15 mils (0.38 mm) thickness.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete two of the following three paragraphs.
          4.Third Course: Polyethylene drainage panel.
          5.Third Course: Sand/gravel drainage course, with subdrainage piping; see Section 02620.
          6.Third Course: Polyethylene drainage panel covered with sand/gravel drainage course, with subdrainage piping; see Section 02620.
          7.Finish Course: Planting soil, as specified elsewhere.
 
          K.Slab-On-Grade -- Waterproofing Under Slab: Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.Subbase: Sand over rough grade; as specified in Section 02316.
          2.First Course: Reinforcing/Barrier sheet, fabric side down.
          3.Second Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 80 mils (2 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 60 mils (1.5 mm); reinforce junctions with vertical walls with polyester fabric.
          4.Third Course: Reinforcing/Barrier sheet, fabric side up.
          5.Finish Course: Concrete Slab as indicated in drawing.
 
          L.Slab-On-Grade -- Methane Barrier/Waterproofing Under Slab: Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.Subbase: Sand over rough grade; as specified in Section 02316.
          2.First Course: Polyethylene geomembrane, 10 mils (0.25 mm) thickness.
          3.Second Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 80 mils (2 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 60 mils (1.5 mm); reinforce junctions with vertical walls with polyester fabric.
          4.Third Course: Polyethylene geomembrane, 10 mils (0.25 mm) thickness.
 
          M.Slab-On-Grade -- Mud Slab Construction: Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.First Course on Top of Mud Slab: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 120 mils (3 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 100 mils (2.5 mm) with polyester fabric embedded between 60-mil (1.5 mm) coats.
          2.Second Course: Reinforcing/Barrier sheet, fabric side up, or other protection as approved by waterproofing manufacturer.
          3.Finish Course: Concrete slab as indicated on drawings.
 
          N.Concrete Plaza Decks -- For Pervious Paving: Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.First Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 120 mils (3 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 100 mils (2.5 mm) with polyester fabric embedded between 60-mil (1.5 mm) coats.
          2.Second Course: Polyethylene geomembrane, minimum 15 mils (0.38 mm) thickness.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete one of the following two paragraphs. Polypropylene panel has higher compressive strength.
          3.Third Course: Polyethylene drainage panel.
          4.Third Course: Polypropylene drainage panel.
          5.Finish Course: Paving as specified elsewhere.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Use the following system for tile or terrazzo that is to be bonded to the deck. For unbonded (cleavage membrane) applications, use the next system instead.
 
          O.Concrete Decks -- For Bonded Finish: Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.First Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 80 mils (2 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 60 mils (1.5 mm).
          2.Second Course: Reinforcing/barrier sheet, fabric side up, or 30 pound roofing cap sheet.
          3.Finish Course: As specified elsewhere.
 
          P.Concrete Decks -- For Unbonded Finish: Use specified materials in following assembly:
          1.First Course: High performance fluid-applied membrane waterproofing, 80 mils (2 mm) nominal thickness average when dry, minimum 60 mils (1.5 mm).
          2.Second Course: Polyethylene geomembrane, minimum 15 mils (0.38 mm) thickness.
          3.Finish Course: As specified elsewhere.
 
          2.3WATERPROOFING MATERIALS
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete all of the following materials that are not referenced in the article above.
 
          A.High Performance Fluid-Applied Membrane Waterproofing: Epro ECOLINE; single course, high build, cold-applied, waterborne polymer modified asphalt emulsion; capable of spray, roller, and brush application at ambient temperatures; non-toxic and odorless; with the following properties when cured:
          1.Spray-Applied: ECOLINE-S.
          2.Roller/Brush-Applied: ECOLINE-R.
          3.Applied Dry Thickness: 80 mils (2 mm), nominal, 60 mils (1.5 mm) minimum, unless specified otherwise.
          4.Tensile Strength: 32 psi (220 kPa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 412.
          5.Elongation - Spray-Applied: 4,140 percent, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 412.
          6.Elongation - Roller/Brush-Applied: 3,860 percent, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 412.
          7.Resistance to Decay - Spray-Applied: 4 percent permanent loss, maximum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 154, Section 13.
          8.Resistance to Decay - Roller/Brush-Applied: 9 percent permanent loss, maximum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 154, Section 13.
          9.Resistance to Aging: No effect when tested in accordance with ASTM G 23 for 2000 hrs.
          10.Water Vapor Transmission Rate: 0.026 grains/sq ft/hr (0.018 g/h sq m), maximum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 96.
          11.Water Vapor Permeance: 0.21 perms (12 ng/(Pa s sq m)), maximum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 96.
          12.Hydrostatic Pressure Resistance: 26 psi (179 kPa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 751.
          13.Methane Transmission Rate: 0, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1434.
          14.Adhesion - Spray-Applied: Minimum 11 lbf/inch (1.9 kN/m) to peel from concrete and masonry, when tested in accordance with ASTM C 836, C 794 method.
          15.Adhesion - Roller/Brush-Applied: Minimum 7 lbf/inch (1.2 kN/m) to peel from concrete and masonry, when tested in accordance with ASTM C 836, C 794 method.
          16.Hardness: 80 to 85, when tested in accordance with ASTM C 836.
          17.Crack Bridging: No cracking when tested in accordance with ASTM C 836.
          18.19.Low Temperature Flexibility: Flexible down to 13 degrees F (minus 10 degrees C), at least, when tested in accordance with ASTM C 836.
          19.Sulfuric and Hydrochloric Acid Resistance: No effect with a 10 percent solution, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 543.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** The following standard duty waterproofing should be used only on walls and not more than 12 feet below grade.
 
          B.Standard Duty Fluid-Applied Waterproofing Membrane: Epro ECOBASE; single course, high build, cold-applied, waterborne polymer modified asphalt emulsion; capable of spray, roller, and brush application at ambient temperatures; non-toxic and odorless; with the following properties when cured:
          1.Applied Dry Thickness: 80 mils (2 mm), nominal, 60 mils (1.5 mm) minimum, unless specified otherwise.
          2.Tensile Strength: 19 psi (131 kPa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 412.
          3.Elongation: 5,380 percent, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 412.
          4.Water Vapor Permeance: .17 perms, maximum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 96.
          5.Hydrostatic Pressure Resistance: 19 psi (131 kPa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 751.
          6.Adhesion: Minimum 11 lbf/inch (1.9 kN/m) to peel from concrete and masonry, when tested in accordance with ASTM C 836.
          7.Shrinkage: 0.02 percent, maximum, when tested in accordance with ASTM C 836.
          8.Low Temperature Flexibility: No cracking when tested at minus 13 degrees F (minus 10 degrees C) in accordance with ASTM C 836.
          9.Sulfuric and Hydrochloric Acid Resistance: No effect with a 10 percent solution, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 543.
 
          C.Polyethylene Geomembrane: Epro ECOSHIELD-E; cross-linked polyolefin.
          1.8 mil (0.2 mm) Thickness:
          a.Puncture Resistance: 876 grams, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1709.
          b.Tensile Strength: 24.59 lb/in (4.3 kN/m), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 154 in the machine direction.
          c.Tear Resistance: 3.48 lbf ,minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4533.
          d.Water Vapor Transmission Rate: 0.00711 grains/sq ft/hr (0.005 g/h sq m), maximum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 96.
          e.Water Vapor Permeance: 0.0143 perms (0.8 ng/(Pa s sq m)), maximum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 96.
          2.10 mil (0.25 mm) Thickness:
          a.Puncture Resistance: 1593 grams, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1709.
          b.Tensile Strength: 34.6 lb/in (6.1 kN/m), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 154 in the machine direction.
          c.Tear Resistance: 5.98 lb (26.6 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4533.
          d.Water Vapor Transmission Rate: 0.00621 grains/ft/hr (0.004 g/h sq m), maximum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 96.
          e.Water Vapor Permeance: 0.0133 perms (0.76 ng/(Pa s sq m)), maximum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 96.
          3.15 mil (0.38 mm) Thickness:
          a.Puncture Resistance: 1898 grams, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1709.
          b.Tensile Strength: 39.7 lb/in (6.9 kN/m), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 154 in the machine direction.
          c.Tear Resistance: 9.74 lbf (43.3 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4533.
          d.Water Vapor Transmission Rate: 0.00585 grains/ft/hr (0.004 g/h sq m), maximum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 96.
          e.Water Vapor Permeance: 0.0123 perms (0.71 ng/(Pa s sq m), maximum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 96.
          4.Low Temperature Impact Resistance: Resistant to impact down to minus 157 degrees F (minus 105 degrees C), at least, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1790.
          5.Chemical and Environmental Resistance: Excellent, Ref: Koemer, Robert, 1994 "Designing with Geosynthetics." 3rdedition, General chemical resistance guidelines..
          6.Methane Gas Transmission: 0, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1434 modified.
 
          D.Reinforcing/Barrier Sheet: Polypropylene/polyethylene geomembrane, ECOSHIELD P or PP; 4 mil (0.1 mm) thick polyethylene laminated with 4 oz per sq yd (0.13 kg/sq m) polypropylene non-woven fabric; providing good adhesion for grouts, mortars, and adhesives.
          1.Breaking Load: 127 lbf (533 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4632 (Grab tensile)
          2.Elongation: 50 percent, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4632.
          3.Bursting Strength: 240 psi (1.65 Mpa), when tested in accordance with ASTM D 3786.
          4.Puncture Resistance: 70 lbf (311 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4833.
          5.Ultraviolet Resistance: 70 percent strength retained, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4355 after 150 hours exposure.
          6.Light Reflectance: 88 percent, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM E 97. ASTM E 97 is no longer in print??
          7.Methane Gas Transmission: 0 when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1434 modified.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Polyethylene drainage panel is suitable for vertical walls in contact with soil and under lightweight slabs.
 
          E.Polyethylene Drainage Panel: ECODRAIN-E, 3 dimensional molded high density polyethylene composite drainage panel; non-biodegradable; with permeable geo-textile heat bonded to drainage core.
          1.Vertical In-Plane Water Flow Rate: 5.1 gpm/ft width (1 L/s/m width), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4716.
          2.Core:
          a.Compressive Strength: 5,200 psf (249 kPa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1621.
          b.Thickness: 0.31 inch (7.9 mm), when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1777.
          3.Fabric: Polypropylene.
          a.Perpendicular Water Flow Rate: 55 gpm/sq ft (37 L/h/sq m), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4491.
          b.Permittivity: 0.7/second, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4491.
          c.Apparent Opening Size: 70 sieve size, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4751.
          d.Elongation: 60 percent, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4632.
          e.Bursting Strength: 140 psi (0.96 Mpa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 3786.
          f.Breaking Load: 130 lbf (578 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4632 (Grab tensile).
          g.Puncture Resistance: 40 lbf (178 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4833.
          h.Tear Resistance: 60 lbf (267 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4533 (trapezoidal tear).
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Standard duty polypropylene drainage panel is suitable for under non-vehicular slabs.
 
          F.Standard Duty Polypropylene Drainage Panel: ECODRAIN-S-6000; 3 dimensional molded polypropylene composite sheet panel; non-biodegradable; with permeable geo-textile heat bonded to drainage core.
          1.Horizontal In-Plane Water Flow Rate: 3.2 gpm/ft width (0.66 L/s/m width), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4716.
          2.Vertical In-Plane Water Flow Rate: 18 gpm/ft width (3.7 L/s/m width), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4716.
          3.Core:
          a.Compressive Strength: 17,000 psf (813 kPa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1621.
          b.Thickness: 0.40 inch (10.2 mm), when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1777.
          4.Fabric: Woven polypropylene.
          a.Perpendicular Water Flow Rate: 110 gpm/sq ft (74 L/h/sq m), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4491.
          b.Permittivity: 1.6/second, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4491.
          c.Apparent Opening Size: 80 sieve size, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4751.
          d.Elongation: 50 percent, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4632.
          e.Bursting Strength: 315 psi (2171 kPa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 3786.
          f.Tensile Strength: 110 lbf (489 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4632 (Grab tensile).
          g.Puncture Resistance: 90 lbf (400 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4833.
          h.Tear Resistance: 65 lbf (289 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4533 (trapezoidal tear).
 
          G.High Performance Polypropylene Drainage Panel: ECODRAIN-S-9000; 3 dimensional molded polypropylene composite sheet panel; non-biodegradable; with permeable geo-textile heat bonded to drainage core.
          1.Horizontal In-Plane Water Flow Rate: 3.8 gpm/ft width (0.79 L/s/m width), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4716.
          2.Vertical In-Plane Water Flow Rate: 21 gpm/ft width (4.35 L/s/m width), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4716.
          3.Core:
          a.Compressive Strength: 18,000 psf (861 kPa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1621.
          b.Thickness: 0.40 inch (10.2 mm), when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1777.
          4.Fabric: Woven polypropylene
          a.Water Flow Rate: 100 gpm/sq ft (68 L/h/sq m), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4491.
          b.Permittivity: 1.36/second, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4491.
          c.Apparent Opening Size: 40 sieve size, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4751.
          d.Elongation: 24 percent, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4632.
          e.Bursting Strength: 480 psi (3309 kPa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 3786.
          f.Tensile Strength: 365 lbf (1623 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4632 (Grab tensile).
          g.Puncture Resistance: 105 lbf (467 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4833.
          h.Tear Resistance: 115 lbf (511 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4533 (trapezoidal tear).
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Use drainage strip at foot of each wall, on top of footing and extending to subdrainage system or to daylight at lower grade elevations.
 
          H.Drainage Strip: 3 dimensional molded polystyrene core; non-biodegradable; wrapped with permeable geotextile.
          1.In-Plane Flow Rate: 21 gpm/ft width (4.35 L/s/m width), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4716 at hydraulic gradient of 1.0 and 10 psi (69 kPa) loading.
          2.Unobstructed Inflow Area: 85 percent.
          3.Thickness: 1 inch (25.4 mm).
          4.Compressive Strength: 6,000 to 9,000 psf (287 to 431 kPa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1621.
          5.Shear Strength: 6,000 to 9,500 psf (287 to 455 kPa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1621.
          6.Fungus Resistance: No growth, when tested in accordance with ASTM G 21, both core and fabric.
          7.Fabric: Woven polypropylene, 4 oz/sq yd (0.13 kg/sq m).
          a.Perpendicular Water Flow Rate: 170 gpm/sq ft (116 L/h/sq m), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4491.
          b.Permeability: .20 cm/sec, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4491.
          c.Apparent Opening Size: 80 sieve size, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4751.
          d.Elongation: 50 percent, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4632.
          e.Bursting Strength: 240 psi (1654 kPa), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4751.
          f.Tensile Strength: 115 lbf (511 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4632 (Grab tensile).
          g.Puncture Resistance: 70 lbf (311 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4833.
          h.Tear Resistance: 50 lbf (222 N), minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4533 (trapezoidal tear).
          i.Ultraviolet Resistance: 85 percent retained strength, minimum, when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4355.
 
          I.Sheet Flashing: 60 mil (1.5 mm) thick reinforced modified asphalt sheet with double-sided adhesive.
 
          J.Joint Reinforcing Strips: Manufacturer's recommended polypropylene and polyester fabric.
 
          K.Joint Detailing Mastic: ECOLINE-T, high viscosity polymer modified water based asphalt.
 
          L.Backer Rod: Closed-cell polyethylene foam.
 
          PART 3EXECUTION
 
          3.1EXAMINATION
 
          A.Examine substrates, areas, and conditions under which waterproofing systems will be applied, with Installer present, for compliance with requirements. Do not proceed with installation until unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.
 
          3.2PREPARATION
 
          A.Clean and prepare substrate according to manufacturer's recommendations. Provide clean, dust-free, and dry substrate for waterproofing application.
 
          B.Mask off adjoining surfaces not receiving waterproofing to prevent spillage or over spray affecting other construction.
 
          C.Close off deck drains and other deck penetrations to prevent spillage and migration of waterproofing fluids.
 
          D.Remove grease, oil, form release agents, paints, and other penetrating contaminants from concrete.
 
          E.Remove fins, ridges, and other projections and fill honeycomb, aggregate pockets, grout joints, tie holes, and other voids with joint detailing mastic, hydraulic cement, or rapid-set grout.
 
          F.Prepare and treat vertical and horizontal 90 degree terminations, edge terminations, penetrations through waterproofing material, expansion joints, cracks, drains, and sleeves according to ASTM C 898 and manufacturer's recommendations.
 
          G.At each area to be treated, apply two coats of joint detailing mastic; embed joint reinforcing strip in first coat and apply second coat entirely covering the embedded joint reinforcing strip ensuring complete saturation.
          1.90 Degree Terminations, Vertical and Horizontal: 6 inches (150 mm) on each side.
          2.Penetrations, Drains, Sleeves: 6 inches (150 mm) radius around penetration and 3 inches (75 mm) onto penetrating object.
          3.Joints and Cracks: 6 inches (150 mm) wide on each side of joint/crack.
          a.Remove dust and dirt from joints and cracks in accordance with ASTM D 4258 prior to coating surfaces.
          b.Joints and Cracks Greater Than 1/16 inch (1.5 mm) In Width: Prior to applying joint detailing mastic, rout out joint/crack, install backer-rod and sealant to bring flush to surface.
 
          H.Secure and protect plumbing, electrical, mechanical and structural items to be under or passing through waterproof membrane prior to membrane application.
 
          I.When it is not possible to install waterproofing before placement of reinforcing steel, exposed reinforcing steel shall be masked by General Contractor prior to membrane application.
 
          3.3WATERPROOFING APPLICATION
 
          A.Mix and apply materials in accordance with manufacturer's instructions.
 
          B.Do not start waterproofing installation until manufacturer's technical representative is present.
 
          C.Apply waterproofing to surfaces according to manufacturer's recommendations and details and as indicated in Contract Documents.
 
          D.Apply waterproofing by spray, unless otherwise indicated, achieving a seamless membrane free of entrapped gases.
          1.If clearance from surfaces is less than 24 inches (610 mm), making spray application difficult, roller application is acceptable.
          2.Spray Application: Apply one spray coat to achieve full specified thickness
          3.Roller Application: Apply minimum of two coats to achieve full specified thickness.
 
          E.Install geomembrane courses over nominally cured fluid-applied membrane no later than recommended by manufacturer and before starting subsequent construction operations.
 
          F.Overlap geomembrane course seams and treat over lap as recommended by manufacturer and secure with specified tape; attach geomembrane to sheet flashing as recommended by manufacturer.
 
          G.Drainage Panels: Place and secure panels to substrate according to manufacturer's written instructions. Use adhesives and adhesive strips (sheet flashing that does not penetrate waterproofing) as recommended by manufacturer. Overlap edges of dimpled core and ends of geo-textile to maintain continuity. Protect installed panels during subsequent construction.
 
          H.Install drainage strip at foot of each wall, on top of footing, extending to subdrainage system or to daylight at lower grade elevation.
 
          3.4FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
 
          A.Verify thickness of membrane using a lightly oiled, needle nose depth gauge, taking four (4) readings over a one square inch area in every 100 square feet (25 mm square area in every meter square area). Record the minimum reading. Mark test areas for repair if minimum reading is below minimum specified thickness.
 
          B.Patch deficient test areas with additional waterproofing to achieve specified minimum dry thickness, extending minimum of 1 inch (25 mm) beyond the test perimeter.
 
          3.5CURING, PROTECTING, AND CLEANING
 
          A.Cure waterproofing according to manufacturer's recommendations, taking care to prevent contamination and damage during application stages and curing.
 
          B.Clean spillage and soiling from adjacent construction using cleaning agents and procedures recommended by manufacturer of affected construction.
 
         
END OF SECTION