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SECTION 07273
FOAM PLASTIC INSULATION BOARD (FPIB) AIR, WATER-RESISTIVE AND THERMAL BARRIER
 
 
Copyright 2015 - 2015 ARCAT, Inc. - All rights reserved
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Carlisle Coatings & Waterproofing; coatings and waterproofing products.
.
This section is based on the products of Carlisle Coatings & Waterproofing, which is located at:
900 Hensley Ln.
Wylie, TX 75098
Toll Free Tel: 888-229-0199
Tel: 972-442-6545
Fax: 972-442-0076
Email: request info (Caitlyn.Ruhl@carlisleccm.com)
Web: www.carlisle-ccw.com
[ Click Here ] for additional information.
Carlisle Coatings & Waterproofing, Inc. (CCW) provides a broad range of solutions to meet specific waterproofing needs. CCW offers technical services, research and development and manufacturing capabilities from its headquarters in Wylie, Texas and three additional manufacturing facilities in Terrell, TX, Elberton, GA, and Carlisle, PA. The CCW network is further supported by over 50 Manufacturer's sales representatives directed by regional sales offices throughout the country. CCW offers a complete line of waterproofing and moisture protection products for the architectural, general construction, industrial and maintenance industries. Carlisle Coatings & Waterproofing, Inc. is part of the Syntec Division of Carlisle Companies, Inc.
 
PART 1 GENERAL
 
1.1
SECTION INCLUDES
A.
Foam plastic insulation board (FPIB) consisting of closed cell polyisocyanurate foam core laminated with a foil facer on both sides and accessories to provide a continuous insulation, continuous air barrier and water resistive barrier in above-grade walls.
1.2
RELATED SECTIONS
A.
Section 06160 - Sheathing.
B.
Section 07600 - Flashing and Sheet Metal.
C.
Section 07920 - Joint Sealers.
1.3
REFERENCES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete references from the list below that are not actually required by the text of the edited section.
 
A.
ASHRAE - Standard 90.1-2010 "Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings"
B.
ASTM International (ASTM):
1.
ASTM C 209 - Standard Test Methods for Cellulosic Fiber Insulating Board.
2.
ASTM C 518 - Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus.
3.
ASTM C 920 - Standard Specification for Elastomeric Joint Sealants.
4.
ASTM C 1289 - Standard Specification for Faced Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate Thermal Insulation Board.
5.
ASTM D 1876 - Standard Test Method for Peel Resistance of Adhesive.
6.
ASTM D 2126 - Standard Test Method for Response of Rigid Cellular Plastics to Thermal and Humid Aging.
7.
ASTM D 4073 - Standard Test Method for Tensile-Tear Strength of Bituminous Roofing Membranes.
8.
ASTM E 84 - Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials.
9.
ASTM E 96 - Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials.
10.
ASTM E 154 - Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Retarders used in Contact with Earth under Concrete Slabs, on Walls or as Ground Cover.
11.
ASTM E 330 - Standard Test Method for Structural Performance of Exterior Windows, Doors, Skylights and Curtain Walls by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference.
12.
ASTM E 331 - Standard Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference.
13.
ASTM E 783 - Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Air Leakage Through Installed Exterior Windows and Doors.
14.
ASTM E 1105 - Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Water Penetration of Installed Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Uniform or Cyclic Static Air Pressure Difference.
15.
ASTM E 2178 - Standard Test Method for Air Permeance of Building Materials.
16.
ASTM E 2357 - Standard Test Method for Determining Air Leakage of Air Barrier Assemblies.
17.
ASTM G 53 - Practice for Operating Light- and Water-Exposure Apparatus (Fluorescent UV-Condensation Type) for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials.
C.
NFPA 285 - Standard Fire Test Method for Evaluation of Fire Propagation Characteristics of Exterior Non-Load-Bearing Wall Assemblies Containing Combustible Components
1.4
SUBMITTALS
A.
Submit under provisions of Section 01300.
B.
Product Data: Manufacturer's literature, including physical properties, installation instructions and detail drawings, including:
1.
Preparation instructions and recommendations.
2.
Storage and handling requirements and recommendations.
3.
Installation methods.
C.
Manufacturer's 15-year sample warranty covering FPIB R-Value, water intrusion and 180 day UV resistance.
D.
NFPA 285 submittal sheets for Project wall assemblies.
E.
Manufacturer's literature for FPIB accessories including self-adhered flashing, insulation joint tape, transition membrane, FPIB fasteners and foam sealant.
F.
Confirmation in writing of compatibility of FPIB with adhesives, tapes, membranes, coatings and other chemicals which are expected to come into contact with the insulation on the Project.
G.
Sample of FPB, minimum 4 inches X 4 inches (102 mm X 102 mm) size.
H.
Samples of self-adhered flashing and insulation joint tape minimum 2 inches X 3 inches (51 mm X 76 mm) size.
1.5
QUALITY ASSURANCE
A.
Manufacturer Qualifications: Minimum 5 year experience manufacturing similar products.
B.
Installer Qualifications: Experienced in applying the same or similar materials and shall be specifically approved in writing by FPIB manufacturer.
C.
Product and Accessories shall comply with all state and local regulations controlling use of volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
D.
Comply with the provisions of the Owner's building envelope commissioning program.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Include a mock-up if the project size and/or quality warrant taking such a precaution. The following is one example of how a mock-up on a large project might be specified. When deciding on the extent of the mock-up, consider all the major different types of work on the project. Mockup testing is recommended but not required. Retain paragraphs F, G and H if mockups will be built and tested.
 
E.
Field-Constructed Mock-Ups: Prior to installation on Project, apply insulation and accessories on mock-up to verify details under shop drawing submittals, to demonstrate tie-ins with adjoining construction and other termination conditions and to become familiar with properties of materials in application.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Incorporate sub paragraph 1 or 2 into Paragraph. Apply in field-constructed mockups of assemblies as specified in Section 01 43 39 - Mockups.
 
1.
Construct typical exterior wall panel, 8 feet long by 8 feet wide, incorporating back-up wall, water resistive barrier, insulation, cladding, window and doorframe and sill and flashing, building corner condition, junction with roof system foundation wall and typical penetrations and gaps; illustrating interface of materials and seals
2.
Test mock-up for air leakage in accordance with ASTM E 783. Measured air leakage rate shall not exceed 0.2 L/s*m2 at 75 Pa (0.04 CFM/ft2 at 1.57 PSF).
3.
Test mock-up for water leakage in accordance with ASTM E 1105. There shall be no observed water leakage to the interior after 15 minutes at -6.24 PSF.
4.
Perform visual inspection of Work before it is covered up. Take photographs and notes to document progress and quality.
F.
Cooperate and coordinate with the Owner's inspection and testing agency. Do not cover any Work until it has been inspected, tested and approved.
1.6
PRE-INSTALLATION MEETINGS
A.
Pre-Installation Meeting: Convene one week prior to commencing Work of this Section, in accordance with Division 01.
B.
Convene minimum two weeks prior to starting work of this section.
1.7
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
A.
Protect FPIB from physical damage.
B.
Store FPIB pallets indoors, or store insulation pallets outdoors elevated above ground 4 inches minimum and covered with breathable UV-resistant tarpaulin.
C.
Store insulation tape, self-adhered flashing, transition membrane and foam sealant in an area maintained between 50 and 90 degrees F and protected from precipitation and direct sunlight.
D.
Handle FPIB carefully, so corners are not damaged or broken off.
1.8
WASTE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL
A.
Separate and recycle waste materials in accordance with Division 01, and with the Waste Reduction Work Plan.
B.
Place materials defined as hazardous or toxic waste in designated containers.
C.
Ensure emptied containers are stored safely for disposal away from children.
1.9
PROJECT CONDITIONS
A.
Install FPIB and accessories within approved ambient and substrate temperature range and conditions stated in manufacturer's literature.
B.
Do not apply FPIB or accessories over incompatible materials
C.
Observe safety and environmental measures indicated in manufacturer's MSDS, and mandated by federal, state and local regulations.
1.10
SEQUENCING
A.
Ensure that products of this section are supplied to affected trades in time to prevent interruption of construction progress.
1.11
WARRANTY
A.
Warranty: Provide manufacturer's standard limited material warranty.
PART 2 PRODUCTS
 
2.1
MANUFACTURERS
A.
Acceptable Manufacturer: Carlisle Coatings & Waterproofing, which is located at: 900 Hensley Ln.; Wylie, TX 75098; Toll Free Tel: 888-229-0199; Tel: 972-442-6545 ; Fax: 972-442-0076; Email: request info (Caitlyn.Ruhl@carlisleccm.com); Web: www.carlisle-ccw.com
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete one of the following two paragraphs; coordinate with requirements of Division 1 section on product options and substitutions.
 
B.
Substitutions: Not permitted.
C.
Requests for substitutions will be considered in accordance with provisions of Section 01600.
2.2
PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
A.
Assembly: FPIB fastened securely in place with all joints, penetrations and terminations sealed. Assembly built with minimum 1 inch thickness FPIB shall meet the following properties:
1.
Maximum Air Infiltration and Exfiltration After Load Cycling: 0.2 L/s*m2 @ 75 Pa, 0.04 CFM/ft2 @ 1.57 PSF, ASTM E 2357.
2.
No water leakage through assembly after 2h @ -6.24 PSF, ASTM E 331.
3.
No visible damage or loosening of components after static and gust wind loading, ASTM E 330.
B.
Material Properties - FPIB:
1.
Shall consist of minimum 1 inch (25 mm) thickness closed cell Polyisocyanurate foam core with embossed aluminum foil facing, both sides. Matte finish on at least one side.
2.
Shall meet ASTM C 1289 Type I, Class 1, Grade 3 (25 psi).
3.
Minimum Thickness and R-Value: F*ft2*h/ Btu per inch. Measured at 75 degrees F mean temperature, ASTM C 518 & ASTM C 1289.
4.
Flame Spread Index: 25 or less and a smoke generation index: 450 or less, ASTM E 84.
5.
Air Permeance: Maximum 0.02 L/s*m2 @ 75 Pa, 0.004 CFM/ft2 @ 1.57 PSF, ASTM E 2178.
6.
Water Vapor Permeance: Maximum 0.1 Perm, ASTM E 96 A and ASTM E 96 B.
7.
Dimensional Stability: Maximum 2% change after 7 days, ASTM D 2126.
8.
Water Absorption: Maximum 0.05% volume, ASTM C 209.
C.
Material Properties - Insulation Joint Tape:
1.
Minimum thickness: 0.017 inch (0.43 mm).
2.
Facer: aluminum foil, minimum 0.002 inch (.051 mm) thickness.
3.
Adhesive: Non-asphalt, modified butyl minimum 0.015 inch (0.38 mm) thickness.
4.
Peak Service Temperature: Minimum 180 degrees F (82 degrees C).
5.
Application Temperature: 25 degrees and higher with contact adhesive.
6.
Insulation joint tape and contact adhesive shall be provided by same manufacturer.
7.
Flame spread index 25 or less, smoke generation Index: 450 or less, ASTM E 84.
8.
Water Vapor Permeance: Maximum 0.1 Perm, ASTM E 96 B.
9.
UV Resistance: Unaffected after 2,000 h in QUV, ASTM G 53.
D.
Material Properties - Self-Adhered Flashing:
1.
Minimum thickness: 0.030 inch (30 mils)
2.
Facer: aluminum foil, minimum 0.002 inch (0.76 mm) thickness.
3.
Adhesive: Non-asphalt, modified butyl minimum 0.028 inch (0.71 mm) thickness
4.
Peak Service Temperature: Minimum 180 degrees F (82 degrees C).
5.
Application Temperature: 25 degrees F (-4 degrees C) and higher with contact adhesive.
6.
Self-adhered flashing and contact adhesive shall be provided by same manufacturer.
7.
Flame spread index 25 or less, smoke generation index 450 or less, ASTM E 84.
8.
Water Vapor Permeance: Maximum 0.1 Perm, ASTM E 96 B.
9.
UV Resistance: Unaffected after 2,000 h in QUV, ASTM G 53.
E.
Material Properties - Foam Sealant:
1.
Shall consist of one-component, low expansion polyurethane foam.
2.
Flame Spread Index 25 or less, Smoke Development Index 450 or less, ASTM E 84.
3.
Cellular Structure: Minimum 60% closed cell.
4.
Skin Formation Time: 10 minutes or less.
5.
Waterproof after full cure.
F.
Material Properties - Caulking Sealant:
1.
Shall consist of silicone, polyurethane or polyether.
2.
Minimum Solids Content: 90%.
3.
Shall conform to ASTM C 920, Type 1, Grade NS, Class 25 or 50.
G.
FPIB Fasteners:
1.
Standard FPIB Fastener: Approved screw fitted with a low-profile plastic washer designed to grip and hold FPIB: Thermal-Grip CI Washer or Thermal-GRIP CI Prong Washer fitted with Grip-Deck screw. By Rodenhouse Fastening Systems.
2.
Brick Tie FPIB Fastener: Screw-in brick tie fitted with a low-profile plastic washer designed to grip and hold FPIB: Thermal-Grip Brick Tie Washer by Rodenhouse Fastening Systems with Heckmann Pos-I-Tie.
3.
Equivalent fasteners by others are acceptable, if fasteners are tested with FPIB and are verified to pass air and water leakage requirements OR Fastener penetrations are effectively sealed with caulking sealant or flashing tape.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete if not required for project.
 
4.
Other - Exterior cladding attachment hardware designed to secure FPIB. Penetrations through FPIB shall be sealed. Subject to approval by Design Professional.
2.3
INSULATION
A.
Provide embossed foil faced polyiso foam plastic insulation boards (FPIB):
1.
Product: R2+ SHEATHE as manufactured by Carlisle Coatings & Waterproofing, Incorporated.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete sizes not required.
 
2.
Size: 4 feet X 8 feet (1219 mm by 2438 mm).
3.
Size: 4 feet X 9 feet (1219 mm by 2743 mm).
4.
Size: 4 feet X 12 feet (1219 mm by 3658 mm).
5.
Size: Custom size.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete thicknesses not required.
 
6.
Thickness and R-Value: 1 inch (25.4 mm) R-6.3.
7.
Thickness and R-Value: 1.2 inches (30.5 mm) R-7.6.
8.
Thickness and R-Value: 1.5 inches (38 mm) R-9.5.
9.
Thickness and R-Value: 1.6 inches (40.6 mm) R-10.1.
10.
Thickness and R-Value: 1.8 inches (45.7 mm) R-11.4.
11.
Thickness and R-Value: 2.0 inches (51 mm) R-12.6.
12.
Thickness and R-Value: 2.1 inches (53.3 mm) R-13.3.
13.
Thickness and R-Value: 2.5 inches (63.5 mm) R-15.8.
14.
Thickness and R-Value: 3.0 inches (76 mm) R-18.9.
2.4
ACCESSORlES:
A.
Insulation Joint Tape:
1.
Foil-Grip 1402 by Carlisle Coatings & Waterproofing Incorporated.
B.
Self-Adhered Flashing:
1.
Aluma-Grip 701 by Carlisle Coatings & Waterproofing Incorporated.
C.
Contact Adhesive: Provide from same manufacturer as self-adhered flashing and insulation joint tape:
1.
Carlisle Coatings & Waterproofing: Cav-Grip, Travel-Tack, CCW-702, CCW-702 WB or CCW-702 LV.
D.
Foam Sealant:
1.
FireBlock Gun Foam by TVM Building Products.
2.
Fireblock Foam Sealant by FOMO.
E.
Caulking Sealant:
1.
Carlisle Universal Single Ply Sealant.
2.
Silicone, polyurethane or polyether as approved by FPIB manufacturer
PART 3 EXECUTION
 
3.1
EXAMINATION.
A.
Examine substrates, areas, and conditions affecting installation of FPIB for compliance with requirements. Verify that surfaces and conditions are suitable prior to commencing Work of this section. Do not proceed with installation until unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.
B.
Concrete wall surfaces shall be of sound condition and shall have honeycomb filled and sharp protrusions knocked off or ground flush.
C.
Concrete masonry unit wall surfaces shall be free of mortar droppings. Mortar joints shall be sound and tooled or struck flush.
D.
Damaged or improperly-fastened exterior sheathing shall be repaired to comply with building code and sheathing manufacturer's requirements.
E.
Wood or metal wall studs shall be of sound condition, properly spaced, plumb and laterally-braced according to structure and code requirements.
F.
Wood substrates shall be dry. If in doubt, measure moisture content of wood with wood moisture meter. Do not install FPIB over wood substrates having 20% or higher moisture content.
3.2
INSTALLATION
A.
Install FPIB with the matte finish side facing the installer.
B.
Cladding & Finish Attachment: If the FPIB is installed on the exterior side of the wall, exterior cladding shall be attached to structure through FPIB. If FPIB is installed on interior side of wall, interior finish shall be attached to structure through FPIB. Whether FPIB is installed on the exterior or interior, all penetrations made through the FPIB shall be sealed. This shall be accomplished by using fasteners with compression-seal washer plates, or by sealing the penetrations with insulation joint tape, foam sealant or caulking sealant. Evaluation of air and water leakage of the finished assembly is recommended in mockup construction. Sections affected include:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete items below not required for project.
 
1.
Section 04200 - Brick Veneer: through-wall flashing shall be attached to solid substrate.
2.
Section 04400 - Stone Veneer.
3.
Section 07420 - Wall Panels.
4.
Section 07460 - Siding.
5.
Section 07600 - Flashings and Sheet Metal.
6.
Section 09220 - Supports for Plaster and Gypsum Board.
7.
Section 09240 - Portland Cement Plastering.
8.
Section 09200 - Gypsum Board.
C.
Wall substrate to which FPIB will be attached shall be sound, and able to support required fasteners securing FPIB and claddings. Sections affected include:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete items below not required for project.
 
1.
Section 03300 - Cast-In-Place Concrete.
2.
Section 03400 - Pre-Cast Concrete.
3.
Section 04200 - Concrete Masonry Unit.
4.
Section 05400 - Steel Studs.
5.
Section 06110 - Wood Framing.
6.
Section 06160 - Wood Sheathing.
D.
Section 07250 - Weather Barriers. Building wrap, paper or membrane materials affect the FPIB as follows:
1.
On base wall assembly: Cover weather barrier with FPIB. Secure or remove any loose material obstructing FPIB installation.
2.
Over FPIB: Not required, but may be specified with certain claddings. All fasteners penetrating FPIB shall be sealed.
3.
In adjacent construction: Tie into termination of FPIB as indicated in drawings and instructions.
E.
Section 07190 - Vapor Barriers. Sheet plastic installed on interior side of wall, or foil facing on stud cavity fiber insulation batts.
1.
FPIB is a vapor barrier. Installation of a plastic or foil vapor barrier is generally not recommended, as this can trap moisture between two vapor barriers.
2.
Determination shall be made by Design Professional to verify acceptable hygro-thermal performance of wall assembly
F.
Section 07500 - Membrane Roofing. Provide an air and water tight seal bridging the FPIB on the wall to the roof system air barrier.
G.
Division 08 Provide an air and water tight seal of fenestration to FPIB.
H.
Facility Services Subgroup - These trades may be penetrating the FPIB with mechanical, electrical, telecommunications or other service. Penetrations through the FPIB shall be sealed air and water tight.
I.
Fasten FPIB in place as follows:
1.
Fasten FPIB securely to strong substrate. Provide fasteners designed for substrate. Fastener shall penetrate substrate as follows:
a.
Metal studs: Minimum 4 threads.
b.
Wood studs: Minimum 1 inch (25 mm).
c.
Plywood or OSB sheathing: Minimum 1 inch (25 mm).
d.
Concrete: Minimum 1-1/2 inches (38 mm).
e.
Masonry: Minimum 1-1/2 inches (38 mm).
2.
Fastening FPIB to 24 inches (610 mm) on center or 16 inches (406 mm) on center studs:
a.
Maximum fastener spacing in studs: 16 inches (406 mm) on center.
b.
Board joints: Drive fasteners into board joint with washer bridging and securing two neighboring boards.
c.
3-board Intersections: Drive two fasteners maximum 4 inches (102 mm) on center as follows: one fastener into T-joint intersection with washer bridging 3 boards and additional faster into joint bridging 2 boards
3.
Fastening FPIB to solid wall: Space fasteners maximum 16 inches on center in field and 12 inches (305 mm) on center at terminations.
4.
At FPIB terminations, drive fasteners at least 3/8 inch (9.5 mm) from edge of boards.
5.
Minimize fastener penetrations through the FPIB.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Fasteners which simultaneously attach FPIB and interior or exterior finish are preferred.
 
J.
Abut neighboring FPIB pieces tightly together. Do not form 4-corner intersections. Offset board joints in neighboring rows 12 inches (305 mm) minimum.
K.
Cut and fit FPIB around obstructions to allow snug fit onto wall surface or studs
L.
Fill all gaps, cracks and holes through FPIB as follows:
1.
Improperly-driven or non-sealed fasteners: Caulking sealant
2.
Small holes 1/2 (13 mm) inch max diameter: Caulking sealant
3.
Board joints or gaps at terminations and penetrations exceeding 1/8 inch (3 mm): Foam sealant.
4.
Larger holes 2 inches (51 mm) max diameter: Foam sealant.
5.
Holes or damage exceeding 2 inches (51 mm) across: Patch with new FPIB
M.
Where required by FPIB manufacturer, prepare all surfaces accepting insulation joint tape and self-adhered flashing with contact adhesive. Observe coverage rate, application technique and drying time in FPIB manufacturer's literature.
N.
Cover FPIB joints between neighboring pieces with insulation joint tape, minimum 4 inches (102 mm) width, centered over joint.
O.
Cover FPIB inside corners and outside corners with self-adhered flashing, minimum 3 inches (76 mm) bearing onto each side of the angle. Install self-adhered flashing tight into inside corners to avoid puncture and formation of water chase.
P.
Apply self-adhered flashing at wall transitions and terminations. Provide 3 inches (76 mm) bearing onto dissimilar substrates.
Q.
Apply self-adhered flashing around pipe, duct and beam penetrations through FPIB.
R.
Wrap window openings with self-adhered flashing. Self-adhered flashing shall bear onto FPIB surface 3 inches (76 mm) minimum and shall return into opening according to Project window details.
S.
In opening and corner details, self-adhered flashing shall extend at least 2 inches (51 mm) onto FPIB facer or onto sound substrate. Do not terminate self-adhered flashing on foam core edge of FPIB.
T.
Firmly press in place all insulation joint tape and self-adhered flashing detailsusing a roofing seam roller or similar tool. Hand pressure alone is not sufficient.
3.3
REPAIR AND PROTECTION
A.
Protect FPIB from mechanical damage and exposure to open flame during installation and exposure.
B.
Repair damage to FPIB as recommended by manufacturer before covering.
C.
FPIB is not approved for permanent exposure. Cover exterior with code-approved cladding. Cover interior with code-approved thermal barrier.
D.
Cover exterior-applied FPIB with cladding as soon as schedule permits. Maximum permitted exposure time to weather:
1.
60 days without joints sealed, openings and details flashed.
2.
180 days with joints sealed, openings and details flashed.
END OF SECTION