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SECTION 07316
SLATE SHINGLES
 
 
Copyright 2017 - 2017 ARCAT, Inc. - All rights reserved
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** California Slate Company, Inc.; natural slate roofing material.
This section is based on the products of California Slate Company, Inc., which is located at:
3344 Market St.
San Francisco, CA 94114
Tel: 415-864-6862
Fax: 415-814-2667
Email: request info (info@CaliforniaSlateCompany.com)
Web: californiaslatecompany.com
[ Click Here ] for additional information.
California Slate Company is the premier resource for natural slate roofing material in the United States. With more than 20 years' experience in the industry, we have long-standing relationships with the top quarries around the world and pride ourselves on choosing only the best natural slate available. Our specific products - many exclusive to us - are selected for their durability and unique colors and characteristics. The dependability of our products is a key component of our mission.
Located in the San Francisco Bay Area, California Slate Company serves projects throughout the West Coast, including Los Angeles, Portland, and Seattle. We also ship slate to any location, and will gladly send you a full-size sample of any slate in stock.
Natural slate is an environmentally friendly product that will last for generations. Slate is not only waterproof, but fireproof - an important consideration when choosing a roofing material.
We look forward to working with you on your next project and helping you select a strikingly beautiful, long-lasting slate that's ideal for your needs.
 
PART 1 GENERAL
 
1.1
SECTION INCLUDES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete items below not required for project.
 
A.
Slate shingles.
B.
Underlayment.
1.2
RELATED SECTIONS
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete any sections below not relevant to this project; add others as required.
 
A.
Section 06100 - Rough Carpentry: for solid wood roof decking and wood cant strips.
1.3
DEFINITIONS
A.
Roofing Terminology: ASTM D 1079 and glossary in NRCA's "The NRCA Roofing and Waterproofing Manual" for definitions of terms related to roofing work in this Section.
1.4
REFERENCES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete references from the list below that are not actually required by the text of the edited section.
 
A.
ASTM International (ASTM):
1.
ASTM B 749 - Standard Specification for Lead and Lead Alloy Strip, Sheet, and Plate Products.
2.
ASTM C 406 - Standard Specification for Roofing Slate.
3.
ASTM D 226 - Standard Specification for Asphalt-Saturated Organic Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing.
4.
ASTM D 1079 - Standard Terminology Relating to Roofing and Waterproofing.
5.
ASTM E 84 - Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials.
6.
ASTM F 1667 - Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples.
1.5
SUBMITTALS
A.
Submit under provisions of Section 01300.
B.
Product Data: Manufacturer's data sheets on each product to be used, including:
1.
Preparation instructions and recommendations.
2.
Storage and handling requirements and recommendations.
3.
Installation methods.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete selection samples if colors have already been selected.
 
C.
Selection Samples: Of each color, size, texture, and shape.
1.
Include similar Samples of trim and accessories involving color selection.
D.
Verification Samples: For the following products, of sizes indicated, to verify color selected:
1.
Slate Shingle: Full size, of each color, size, texture, and shape.
2.
Fasteners: Three fasteners of each type, length, and finish.
E.
Material Test Reports: Based on evaluation of comprehensive tests performed by a qualified testing agency, for each slate variety.
F.
Warranty: Sample of special warranty.
1.6
QUALITY ASSURANCE
A.
Installer Qualifications: Minimum 2 year experience installing similar products.
B.
Source Limitations: Obtain each color of slate shingle from single quarry capable of producing slate of consistent quality in appearance and physical properties.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Include a mock-up if the project size and/or quality warrant taking such a precaution. The following is one example of how a mock-up on a large project might be specified. When deciding on the extent of the mock-up, consider all the major different types of work on the project.
 
C.
Mockups: Build mockups to verify selections made under sample submittals and to demonstrate aesthetic effects and set quality standards for materials and execution.
1.
Build mockups for slate shingles including related roofing materials.
a.
Size: Minimum of 48 inches long by 48 inches (1219 mm x 1219 mm) wide.
2.
Approval of mockups does not constitute approval of deviations from the Contract Documents contained in mockups unless Architect specifically approves such deviations in writing.
3.
Approved mockups may become part of the completed Work if undisturbed at time of Substantial Completion.
1.7
PRE-INSTALLATION MEETINGS
A.
Convene minimum two weeks prior to starting work of this section.
1.8
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
A.
Store underlayment rolls on end, on pallets or other raised surfaces. Do not double stack rolls.
1.
Handle, store, and place roofing materials in a manner to avoid significant or permanent damage to roof deck or structural supporting members.
B.
Protect unused underlayment from weather, sunlight, and moisture when left overnight or when roofing work is not in progress.
C.
Store slates on edge, and on pallets.
1.9
PROJECT CONDITIONS
A.
Maintain environmental conditions (temperature, humidity, and ventilation) within limits recommended by manufacturer for optimum results. Do not install products under environmental conditions outside manufacturer's recommended limits.
1.10
SEQUENCING
A.
Ensure that products of this section are supplied to affected trades in time to prevent interruption of construction progress.
1.11
WARRANTY
A.
Special Warranty: Standard form in which roofing Installer agrees to repair or replace slate roofing that fails in materials or workmanship within specified warranty period.
1.
Warranty Period: Two years from date of Substantial Completion.
1.12
EXTRA MATERIALS
A.
Furnish extra materials that match products installed and that are packaged with protective covering for storage and identified with labels describing contents.
1.
Slate Shingles: 2% of total roof area installed, including each type and color, stacked on edge.
PART 2 PRODUCTS
 
2.1
MANUFACTURERS
A.
Acceptable Manufacturer: California Slate Company, Inc., which is located at: 3344 Market St.; San Francisco, CA 94114; Tel: 415-864-6862 ; Fax: 415-814-2667; Email: request info (info@CaliforniaSlateCompany.com); Web: californiaslatecompany.com
B.
Web: http://www.californiaslatecompany.com.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete one of the following two paragraphs; coordinate with requirements of Division 1 section on product options and substitutions.
 
C.
Substitutions: Not permitted.
D.
Requests for substitutions will be considered in accordance with provisions of Section 01600.
2.2
SLATE SHINGLES - GENERAL
A.
Slate Shingles: ASTM C 406, Grade S1; hard, dense, and sound; chamfered edges, with nail holes machine punched for slates 3/8 inch (9.5 mm) or less in thickness, slates thicker than 1/2 inch (13 mm) may be drilled and countersunk.
1.
No broken or cracked slates, no broken exposed corners, and no broken corners on covered ends that could sacrifice nailing strength or laying of a watertight roof.
2.
No pyrite inclusions in slates.
3.
No carbon-bearing bands or soft or weak ribbons in slates.
4.
No knots or knurls or cramps in slates that would produce humps in the roof.
5.
Nail holes are to be positioned no more than 1.5 inches (38 mm) in from the side edges of the slate.
6.
Nail holes shall be positioned approximately 2/3 the distance from the bottom of the slate when using standard 3 inches (152 mm) headlap. The top of the underlying slate shall not be penetrated by the slating nails.
7.
The holes punched in the slates shall be the correct diameter to provide a snug fit for the shank of the roofing nails.
B.
Starter Slate: Slate shingles with chamfered nail holes front-side punched.
1.
Length: Exposure of slate shingle plus head lap.
2.3
SLATE SHINGLES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** A California Slate Company exclusive. Truly non-fading and non-weathering, Del Castillo Gray is difficult to find - we are the only U.S. company to carry it. It is a medium gray slate, lightly textured with just a vague hue of silver or blue. Unparalleled durability puts this remarkable slate in a class of its own. It will maintain its original look for generations. The standard size is listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
A.
Del Castillo Gray Slate:
1.
Size: 16 inches x 10 inches (406 mm x 254 mm) and 16 inches x 8 inches (406 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Thickness: Lightweight: 3/16 inch (5 mm); Standard: 1/4 inch (7 mm), Heavy: 1/2 inch (12 mm).
3.
Weight: 600 to 1,200 lbs/sq. (0.272 metric ton to 0.544 metric ton/sq.)
4.
Provenance: Spain.
5.
Surface Texture: Lightly textured.
6.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
7.
Color: Medium gray slate with just a vague hue of silver or blue.
8.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Unfading and non-weathering. Extreme or high alpine conditions.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** This highly textured slate is quarried in La BaNa, Spain. There is extensive variation in this material and the overall esthetic is rustic rather than uniform. It reflects light very evenly and provides a classic, Spanish-style slate look. The standard size is listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
B.
True Black Galcar Slate:
1.
Size: 16 inches x 10 inches (406 mm x 254 mm) and 16 inches x 8 inches (406 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Thickness: 3/16 inch to 1/2 inch (5 mm to 12 mm).
3.
Weight: 600 to 1,200 lbs/sq. (0.272 metric ton to 0.544 metric ton/sq.).
4.
Provenance: Spain.
5.
Surface Texture: Highly textured.
6.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
7.
Color: Black
8.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Unfading.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** True Black Hebra is quarried in La BaNa, situated in the LeOn region of Spain. It is smoother and finer in texture than True Black Galcar, and its strong vertical grain reflects light differently, resulting in a quite dissimilar appearance on a roof. Overall, it has a very refined look. True Black Hebra is slightly darker than True Black Galcar but its other qualities are fairly similar. Its test results are excellent and it is easy to work with (no need for power tools). Alpine conditions pose no problems for it. . The standard size is listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
C.
True Black Hebra Slate:
1.
Size: 16 inches x 10 inches (406 mm x 254 mm) and 16 inches x 8 inches (406 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Thickness: 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch (7 mm to 12 mm).
3.
Weight: 800 to 1,200 lbs/sq. (0.363 metric ton to 0.544 metric ton/sq.)
4.
Provenance: Spain.
5.
Surface Texture: Smoother and finer in texture than True Black Galcar.
6.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
7.
Color: Black
8.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Unfading.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Quarried near Lugo in northwestern Spain, Lugo Green is a refined slate with a green background and flecks of lighter gray green throughout. It has a smooth, even texture and carries the distinction of being one of the only colored slates from Spain. It is unfading which means it will retain its original appearance throughout its lifetime. Lugo Green Slate offers a sophisticated look that suits both classic and modern buildings. It can be used where a lightweight application is required. The standard size is listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
D.
Lugo Green Slate:
1.
Size: 16 inches x 10 inches (406 mm x 254 mm) and 16 inches x 8 inches (406 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Thickness: 3/16 inch to 3/8 inch (5 mm to 10 mm).
3.
Weight: 600 to 1,000 lbs/sq. (0.272 metric ton to 0.454 metric ton/sq.).
4.
Provenance: Spain.
5.
Surface Texture: Smooth, even texture.
6.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
7.
Color: Green background and flecks of lighter gray green throughout.
8.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Unfading.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Vermont Strata Gray Slate starts off with an even, medium gray color. When exposed to the elements over time, a certain percentage of the slates (perhaps 20%-40%) will change color, taking on buff or brown tones. . The standard size is listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
E.
Vermont Strata Gray Slate:
1.
Size: 18 inches x 12 inches (457 mm x356 mm) to 12 inches x 8 inches (305 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Thickness: 1/4 inch (6 mm).
3.
Weight: 800 lbs/sq. (0.363 metric ton/sq.)
4.
Provenance: Vermont.
5.
Surface Texture: Smooth, even texture.
6.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
7.
Color: Medium gray color taking on buff or brown tones over time.
8.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Fading.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Gray Green (Semi-Weathering) Slate is the quintessential Vermont slate. Quarried since the middle of the 19th century, it defines the industry in Vermont more than any other. The tones vary from medium grey to light green. It is of medium-smooth texture. . The standard size is listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
F.
Gray Green (Semi-Weathering) Slate:
1.
Size: 18 inches x 12 inches (457 mm x356 mm) to 12 inches x 8 inches (305 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Thickness: 1/4 inch (6 mm).
3.
Weight: 850 lbs/sq.
4.
Provenance: Vermont.
5.
Surface Texture: Medium-smooth texture.
6.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
7.
Color: Tones vary from medium grey to light green developing the tones of brown, pink, and buff over time.
8.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Fading.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** A very hard, very uniform slate, Brazilian Charcoal Slate has a dark gray background with shades of pure black in individual slates. It creates a very pleasing effect when installed.
Brazil is a relative newcomer to the slate industry, yet one of the most technologically advanced, resulting in extremely high quality control and a slate that is one of the most consistent in the business. The standard size is listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
G.
Brazilian Charcoal Slate:
1.
Size: 16 inches x 10 inches (406 mm x 254 mm) and 16 inches x 8 inches (406 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Thickness: 3/16 inch to 1/2 inch (4.8 mm to 13 mm) ("standard" between 3/16 inch and 1/4 inch (4.8 mm and 6 mm)); "heavy" between 1/4 inch and 1/2 inch (6 mm and 13 mm)).
3.
Weight: 650 to 1,000 lbs/sq. (0.295 metric ton to 0.454 metric ton/sq.).
4.
Provenance: Brazil.
5.
Surface Texture: Medium-smooth texture.
6.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
7.
Color: Dark gray background with shades of pure black in individual slates.
8.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Unfading.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Brazilian Multi-Color is a slate with a light gray background coupled with approximately 40-50% of multi-color tiles which have a very vivid color range from orange to red with hints of green. The color appears more fossil-like than solid and the result is a rich tapestry with a very distinctive look. The slate comes only in 7-10 mm (no lightweight versions) and is chunky but still manages to have a reasonably smooth face. The standard size is listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
H.
Brazilian Multi-Color Slate:
1.
Size: 16 inches x 10 inches (406 mm x 254 mm) and 16 inches x 8 inches (406 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Thickness: 1/4 inch to 3/8 inch (7 mm to 10 mm).
3.
Weight: 900 lbs/sq. (0.408 metric ton/sq.).
4.
Provenance: Brazil.
5.
Surface Texture: Medium-smooth texture.
6.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
7.
Color: Light gray background coupled with approximately 40-50% of multi-color tiles which have a very vivid color range from orange to red with hints of green.
8.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Unfading.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** California Slate Company's Chinese Strata Gray Slate sets an elegant tone for any home. The graceful, polished feel of this slate creates a dignified look, blending with the light day sky or shining in the evening. The standard size is listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
I.
Chinese Strata Gray Slate:
1.
Size: 16 inches x 10 inches (406 mm x 254 mm) and 16 inches x 8 inches (406 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Thickness: 7-9 mm
3.
Weight: 850 lbs/sq.
4.
Provenance: China.
5.
Surface Texture: Polished texture.
6.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
7.
Color: Varies only slightly in gray color; silvery hues are possible in the lighter shades and it can be marked with beautiful forest green.
8.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Unfading.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Varying hues of medium green and the rugged feel of this slate blend harmoniously with the surrounding shades of nature. California Slate Company's Chinese Forest Green Slate is distinctly accentuated by copper vents and pipe jacks, and beautifully complements most home styles and colors. The standard size is listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
J.
Chinese Forest Green Slate:
1.
Size: 16 inches x 10 inches (406 mm x 254 mm) and 16 inches x 8 inches (406 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Thickness: 7-10 mm
3.
Weight: 900 lbs/sq.
4.
Provenance: China.
5.
Surface Texture: Rugged texture.
6.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
7.
Color: Varying hues of medium green.
8.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Unfading.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Autumn Shades Slate is one of the most unusual and distinctive of all the slates quarried in the world. With a roughly textured surface and an inviting array of colors - a dark grey base with highlights in a stunning combination of yellows, orange, red, pink, and brown - there is no other slate like it. Autumn Shades Slate is rustic and earthy, yet sophisticated. The standard size is listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
K.
Autumn Shades Slate:
1.
Size: 16 inches x 10 inches (406 mm x 254 mm) and 16 inches x 8 inches (406 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Thickness: 1/4 inch to 3/4 inch (7 mm to 15 mm) (majority between 3/8 inch and 1/2 inch (9.5 mm and 13 mm)
3.
Weight: 1200 lbs/sq. (0.544 metric ton/sq.).
4.
Provenance: China.
5.
Surface Texture: Rough texture.
6.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
7.
Color: Dark grey base with highlights in a stunning combination of yellows, orange, red, pink, and brown.
8.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Unfading.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Olive Gray Slate is a highly textured slate with a subtle mix of grey and green shades, ranging from dark grey through tannish grey. This is a medium to heavy stone with an average cleft. The standard size is listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
L.
Olive Gray Slate:
1.
Size: 16 inches x 10 inches (406 mm x 254 mm) and 16 inches x 8 inches (406 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Thickness: 1/4 inch to 3/4 inch (7 mm to 15 mm) (majority between 3/8 inch and 1/2 inch (9.5 mm and 13 mm)).
3.
Weight: 1200 lbs/sq. (0.499 metric ton/sq.).
4.
Provenance: China.
5.
Surface Texture: Highly textured.
6.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
7.
Color: Subtle mix of grey and green shades, ranging from dark grey through tannish grey.
8.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Unfading.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Deep rich hues of wine and plum give this Burgundy Slate a luxurious feel. Reminiscent of a Welsh slate, it does not fade or weather. Burgundy Slate is rough textured, heavy, and when installed provides a very distinctive look. Finding a slate of this consistent color is becoming difficult, as domestic slates which are plum or purple in color either have a tendency to weather or contain markings of other colors (usually green). This slate can create the look of an historical Welsh slate at a fraction of the cost. The standard sizes are listed below. Please contact us for other sizes available. Delete the following paragraph if this type of slate is not required.
 
M.
Burgundy Slate:
1.
Size: 16 inches x 10 inches (406 mm x 254 mm) and 16 inches x 8 inches (406 mm x 203 mm).
2.
Size: 18 inches x 12 inches (457 mm x 305 mm) and 16 inches x 8 inches (406 mm x 203 mm).
3.
Thickness: 3/8 inch to 3/4 inch (9.5 mm to 19 mm).
4.
Weight: 1250 lbs/sq. (0.567 metric ton/sq.).
5.
Provenance: China.
6.
Surface Texture: Rough textured.
7.
Nail Holes: Minimum two per shingle.
8.
Color: Deep rich hues of wine and plum.
9.
Weather-Exposure Color Change: Unfading and non-weathering.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Slate roofs are beautiful, long lasting, water-resistant, and fireproof - but they're also heavy. A traditionally installed slate roof will weigh a minimum of 640 lbs./sq. when using a genuine "lightweight" slate. (If the roof weighs less, the slates are probably too thin to have a serviceable life span.) A traditionally installed "standard weight" slate roof typically weighs 900 lb./sq.
The Slate Shield method uses half as many pieces as a traditionally installed slate roof, and so weighs in at 400-500 lbs./sq. while giving the appearance of a "standard weight" Vermont or Spanish slate roof. The 12" x 10" slate tiles are easy to handle, and because only the hip, ridge, and valley tiles are nailed, installation time is reduced substantially. Delete if not required.
 
2.4
LIGHTWEIGHT ROOFING SYSTEM
A.
Slate Shield:
1.
The Slate Shield method uses half as many pieces as a traditionally installed slate roof, and so weighs in at 400 to 500 lbs./sq. (0.181 metric ton to 0.227 metric ton/sq.) while giving the appearance of a "standard weight" Vermont or Spanish slate roof.
2.
Size: 12 inches x 10 inches (305 mm x 254 mm) slate tiles Only the hip, ridge, and valley tiles are nailed.
2.5
UNDERLAYMENT MATERlALS
A.
Felt Underlayment: ASTM D 226, Type II, asphalt-saturated organic felt, unperforated.
2.6
ACCESSORIES
A.
Slating Nails: ASTM F 1667, copper or stainless-steel, smooth shanked, wire nails; 0.135 inch (3.5 mm) minimum thickness; sharp pointed; with 3/8-inch (9.5 mm) minimum diameter flat head; of sufficient length to penetrate a minimum of 3/4 inch (19 mm) into sheathing.
1.
Where nails are in contact with metal flashing, use nails made from same metal as flashing.
B.
Felt Underlayment Nails: Stainless-steel, or hot-dip galvanized-steel wire nails with low-profile capped heads or disc caps, 1-inch (25 mm) minimum diameter.
C.
Wood Nailer Strips and Eave Cants: Comply with requirements in Section 061000 - Rough Carpentry.
2.7
METAL FLASHING AND TRIM
A.
General: Comply with requirements in Section 07620 - Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim.
1.
Sheet Metal: minimum16 oz. (20 oz recommended) Copper or minimum 28 gauge Stainless steel.
B.
Fabricate sheet metal flashing and trim to comply with recommendations that apply to design, dimensions, metal, and other characteristics of the item in SMACNA's "Architectural Sheet Metal Manual" and "Copper and Common Sense" by Revere Copper Products
C.
Vent-Pipe Flashings: Provide minimum 16 oz. copper or lead (ASTM B 749, Type L51121, at least 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) thick) sleeve sized to slip over and turn down into pipe, soldered to skirt at slope of roof and extending at least 4 inches (102 mm) from pipe onto roof.
PART 3 EXECUTION
 
3.1
EXAMINATION
A.
Examine substrates, areas, and conditions, with Installer present, for compliance with requirements for installation tolerances and other conditions affecting performance of the Work.
1.
Examine roof sheathing to verify that sheathing joints are supported by framing and blocking and that installation is within flatness tolerances.
2.
Verify that substrate is sound, dry, smooth, clean, sloped for drainage, and completely anchored and that provision has been made for flashings and penetrations through roofing.
B.
Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.
3.2
UNDERLAYMENT INSTALLATION
A.
General: Comply with underlayment manufacturer's written installation instructions applicable to products and applications indicated unless more stringent requirements apply.
B.
Double-Layer Felt Underlayment: Install on roof deck parallel with and starting at the eaves. Install a 19-inch- (483 mm) wide starter course at eaves and completely cover with full-width second course. Install succeeding courses lapping previous courses 19 inches (483 mm) in shingle fashion. Lap ends a minimum of 6 inches (152 mm). Stagger end laps between succeeding courses at least 72 inches (1829 mm). Fasten with felt underlayment nails.
1.
Terminate felt underlayment extended up not less than 4 inches (102 mm) against sidewalls, curbs, chimneys, and other roof projections.
C.
Metal-Flashed, Open-Valley Underlayment: Install two layers of 36-inches (914 mm) wide felt underlayment centered in valley. Stagger end laps between layers at least 72 inches (1829 mm). Lap ends of each layer at least 12 inches (305 mm) in direction to shed water. Fasten each layer to roof deck with felt underlayment nails.
1.
Lap roof-deck felt underlayment over first layer of valley felt underlayment at least 6 inches (152 mm).
3.3
METAL FLASHING INSTALLATION
A.
General: Install metal flashings and other sheet metal to comply with requirements in Section 07620 - Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim.
B.
Apron Flashings: Extend lower flange over and beyond each side of downslope slate shingles and up the vertical surface.
C.
Step Flashings: Install with a head lap of 3 inches (76 mm) and extend both horizontally and vertically. Install with lower edge of flashing just upslope of, and concealed by, butt of overlying slate shingle. Fasten to roof deck only.
D.
Cricket Flashings: Install against the roof-penetrating element, extending concealed flange beneath upslope slate shingles and beyond each side.
E.
Hip Flashings: Install centrally over hip with lower edge of flashing concealed by butt of overlying slate shingle. Fasten to roof deck.
F.
Valley Flashings: Install centrally in valleys, lapping ends at least 8 inches in direction to shed water. Fasten upper end of each length to roof deck beneath overlap.
1.
Nail valley flashings within 3/4 inch (19 mm) of the edge of the flashing.
2.
If valleys are soldered, cleating is preferred to nailing.
G.
Pipe Flashings: Form flashing around pipe penetrations and slate shingles. Fasten to roof deck.
3.4
SLATE SHINGLE INSTALLATION
A.
General: Beginning at eaves, install slate shingles according to the SRCA's written installation guidelines and as follows:
1.
Install wood cant strip or metal drip edge with integral cant at eave edges.
2.
Install shingle starter course chamfered face down.
B.
Install first and succeeding shingle courses with chamfered face up. Begin installation with full-width first course end slate at rake edge.
1.
Offset joints of uniform-width slate shingles by half the shingle width in succeeding courses.
2.
Offset joints of random-width slate shingles a minimum of 3 inches (76 mm) in succeeding courses.
C.
Maintain a 3-inches (76 mm) minimum head lap between succeeding shingle courses.
D.
Maintain uniform exposure of shingle courses between eaves and ridge.
E.
Extend shingle starter course and first course minimum 1.5 inches (38 mm) over fascia at eaves.
F.
Extend shingle starter course and succeeding courses 1 inch over fascia at rakes.
G.
Cut and fit slate neatly around roof vents, pipes, ventilators, and other projections through roof.
H.
Hang each slate with two slating nails for each shingle with nail heads lightly touching slate. Do not drive nails home drawing slates downward or leave nail head protruding enough to interfere with overlapping shingle above.
I.
Metal Ridge: Install metal ridge with fasteners of same metal as ridge, fastened through keyways in slate, or with cleats and blind fasteners.
1.
Overlap metal ridge sections minimum 4 inches (102 mm) at ends.
J.
Ridges: Install ridge slate in saddle configuration.
1.
Install and anchor wood nailer strips of thicknesses to match abutting courses of slate shingles, terminating nailer strip 1 inch from the eave.
2.
Anchor ridge slate to supporting wood nailer strip with three nails for each slate shingle without nails penetrating underlying slate.
K.
Hips:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete hips configuration not required.
 
1.
Install and anchor slate hips in saddle configuration.
2.
Install and anchor slate hips in mitered configuration.
3.
Install and anchor slate hips in fantail configuration.
4.
Install and anchor wood nailer strips of thickness to match abutting courses of slate shingles. Anchor hip slate to nailer strip with three nails located in upper third of hip-slate length.
5.
Notch starter shingle and first shingle course at hip to fit around nailer strips so no wood is exposed at ridge eave.
L.
Open Valleys: Cut slate shingles to form straight lines at open valleys. Maintain uniform width of exposed open valley from highest to lowest point.
1.
Do not nail shingles to valley metal flashings.
M.
Closed Valleys: Cut slate shingles to form straight lines at closed valleys.
1.
Do not nail shingles to valley metal flashings.
3.5
ADJUSTING AND CLEANING
A.
Remove and replace damaged or broken slate shingles.
B.
Remove excess slate and debris from Project site.
END OF SECTION