Customize this spec with SpecWizard
Download SECTION 04 21 00 CLAY UNIT MASONRY for
WORD | RTF | Text | Word Perfect
Find over 500 more CSI Sections
on Arcat.com
Switch to Masterformat 95
 
SECTION 04 21 00
CLAY UNIT MASONRY
 
 
Copyright 2017 - 2017 ARCAT, Inc. - All rights reserved
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Redland Brick Inc.; decorative clay masonry building units.
.
This section is based on the products of Redland Brick Inc., which is located at:
15718 Clearspring Rd.
Williamsport, MD 21795
Toll Free Tel: 800-366-2742
Tel: 301-223-7700
Fax: 301-223-6675
Email: request info (information@redlandbrick.com)
Web: www.redlandbrick.com
[ Click Here ] for additional information.
Redland Brick is a ISO 9001 Compliant Quality Systems brick manufacturer in the U.S. Redland Brick manufactures a complete line of face brick, pavers, and thin brick supplying both the architectural and residential markets. Redland Brick's five manufacturing facilities located in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast produce a complete range of products from precise architectural brick textures and finishes to authentic handmade brick.
Redland's five manufacturing facilities are located in Williamsport and Rocky Ridge, Maryland; Lawrenceville, Virginia; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and Hartford, Connecticut. The company's products are available through brick and masonry distributors throughout the U.S. and Canada. Redland Brick services its customers direct in the Pittsburgh and Western Maryland markets.
Tru-Brix, is a versatile cladding system designed to permit the use of brick in a variety of situations where the look of brick is required and full size brick are not economical. Using our specially designed system, architects, builders, and home owners can choose real brick without the need for load carrying steel, footers, or limitations on the height of the wall. Named one of the best new products in 2009 by Professional Builder and Remodeler, Tru-Brix has been used commercially and residentially since to produce classic brick architecture, as well as, modern style in exciting ways to create a totally unique look on buildings and homes..
 
PART 1 GENERAL
 
1.1
SECTION INCLUDES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete items below not required for project.
 
A.
Clay masonry units and accessories including:
1.
Brick units.
2.
Anchors and ties.
3.
Expansion joints.
4.
Flashing.
5.
Reinforcement.
6.
Mortar.
7.
Cleaning.
1.2
PRODUCTS INSTALLED BUT NOT FURNISHED UNDER THIS SECTION
A.
Section 03 30 00 - Cast-in-Place Concrete.
B.
Section 04 20 00 - Unit Masonry.
C.
Section 05 50 00 - Metal Fabrications.
D.
Section 07 25 00 - WeatherBarriers.
E.
Section 07 60 00 - Flashing and Sheet Metal.
1.3
RELATED SECTIONS
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete any sections below not relevant to this project; add others as required.
 
A.
Section 03 30 00 - Cast-in-Place Concrete.
B.
Section 03 45 13 - Faced Architectural Precast Concrete.
C.
Section 04 20 00 - Unit Masonry.
D.
Section 05 12 13 - Architecturally-Exposed Structural Steel Framing.
E.
Section 05 40 00 - Cold-Formed Metal Framing.
F.
Section 05 50 00 - Metal Fabrications.
G.
Section 06 10 00 - Rough Carpentry.
H.
Section 07 10 00 - Dampproofing and Waterproofing.
I.
Section 07 25 00 - WeatherBarriers.
1.4
REFERENCES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete references from the list below that are not actually required by the text of the edited section.
 
A.
ASTM International (ASTM):
1.
ASTM A 36 - Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel.
2.
ASTM A 82 - Standard Specification for Steel Wire, Plain, for Concrete Reinforcement.
3.
ASTM A 153 - Standard Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware.
4.
ASTM A 615 - Standard Specification for Deformed and Plain Carbon-Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement.
5.
ASTM A 616 - Standard Specification for Rail-Steel Deformed and Plain Bars for Concrete Reinforcement.
6.
ASTM A 617 - Standard Specification for Axle-Steel Deformed and Plain Bars for Concrete Reinforcement.
7.
ASTM A 666 - Standard Specification for Stainless and Heat-Resisting Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip.
8.
ASTM A 775 - Standard Specification for Epoxy-Coated Steel Reinforcing Bars.
9.
ASTM A996 - Standard Specification for Rail-Steel and Axle-Steel Deformed Bars for Concrete Reinforcement.
10.
ASTM B 370 - Standard Specification for Copper Sheet and Strip for Building Construction.
11.
ASTM C 67 - Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Brick and Structural Clay Tile.
12.
ASTM C 216 - Standard Specification for Facing Brick (Solid Masonry Units Made from Clay or Shale).
13.
ASTM C 270 - Standard Specification for Mortar for Unit Masonry.
14.
ASTM C 652 - Standard Specification for Hollow Brick (Hollow Masonry Units Made From Clay or Shale).
15.
ASTM C 1088 - Standard Specification for Thin Veneer Brick Units Made from Clay or Shale.
16.
ASTM D 1056 - Standard Specification for Flexible Cellular Materials - Sponge or Expanded Rubber.
B.
Manufacturer's Reference Standards, on Website:
1.
IRA, Mortar, and Workmanship.
2.
General Maintenance of Brick Masonry.
3.
Basic Guide to Installing Molded Brick.
4.
Cleaning Guide for All Redland Brick Types.
5.
Cleaning Molded and Sand Finished Brick.
1.5
SUBMITTALS
A.
Submit under provisions of Section 01 30 00 - Administrative Requirements.
B.
Product Data: Manufacturer's data sheets on each product to be used, including:
1.
Preparation instructions and recommendations.
2.
Storage and handling requirements and recommendations.
3.
Installation methods.
C.
Samples: Furnish not less than five individual brick as samples, showing extreme variations in color and texture.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Include a mock-up if the project size and/or quality warrant taking such a precaution. The following is one example of how a mock-up on a large project might be specified. When deciding on the extent of the mock-up, consider all the major different types of work on the project.
 
D.
Sample Panel: Mock-up or sample panels shall be used to review brick and mortar color and serve as the standard of workmanship for the Project.
1.
Approximately 4 feet (1.2 m) long by 3 feet (1 m) high, showing the proposed color range, texture, bond, mortar and workmanship. All brick shipped for the sample shall be included in the panel.
2.
When required, provide a separate panel for each type of brick or mortar.
3.
Do not start work until Architect/Engineer has accepted sample panel.
4.
Use panel as standard of comparison for all masonry work built of same material.
5.
Do not destroy or move panel until work is completed and accepted by Architect.
1.6
QUALITY ASSURANCE
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert qualifications required. Delete if not required.
 
A.
Manufacturer Qualifications: Minimum 5 years manufacturing similar products.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert qualifications required. Delete if not required.
 
B.
Installer Qualifications: Minimum 2 years installing similar products.
C.
Brick Tests: Sample and test shall be in accordance with ASTM C 67.
D.
Test Reports:
1.
Testing and reports shall be completed by an independent laboratory.
2.
Test reports for each type of building and facing brick shall be submitted to the Architect/Engineer for review.
3.
Test reports shall indicate:
a.
Compressive strength.
b.
24 hour cold water absorption.
c.
5-hour boil absorption.
d.
Saturation coefficient.
e.
Initial rate of absorption.
f.
Efflorescence.
E.
Certificates: Prior to delivery, submit to Architect/Engineer certificates attesting compliance with the applicable specifications for grades, types or classes included in these specifications.
F.
Costs of Tests: Cost of tests shall be borne by the purchaser, unless tests indicate that units do not conform to the requirements of the specifications, in which case cost shall be borne by the seller.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert value if provision is required. Delete if not required.
 
G.
Prism Tests: Prism Tests shall be required when using engineered masonry (f 'm) =________psi).
1.7
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
A.
Store products in manufacturer's unopened packaging until ready for installation.
B.
Store brick off the ground to prevent contamination by mud, dust or other materials likely to cause staining or other defects.
C.
Cover all materials with a nonstaining waterproof membrane material when necessary to protect from elements.
D.
Store different types of materials separately.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete allowances if not required for project.
 
1.8
ALLOWANCES
A.
Allowance includes purchase of brick, taxes, delivery and any special handling charges.
B.
Special shaped brick units shall have a separate allowance.
1.9
PROJECT CONDITIONS
A.
Protection of Work:
1.
Wall Covering:
a.
During erection, cover top of wall with strong nonstaining waterproof membrane at end of each day or shutdown.
b.
Cover partially completed walls when work is not in progress.
c.
Extend cover minimum of 24 inches (610 mm) down both sides.
d.
Hold cover securely in place.
2.
Load Applications:
a.
Do not apply uniform floor or roof loading for at least 12 hours after building masonry columns or wall.
b.
Do not apply concentrated loads for at least 3 days after building masonry columns or walls.
3.
Stain Prevention:
a.
Prevent grout or mortar from staining the face of masonry.
b.
Remove immediately grout or mortar in contact with face of such masonry.
c.
Protect all sills, ledges and projections from droppings of mortar.
d.
Protect base of wall from rain-splashed mud and mortar splatter.
e.
Scaffold boards shall be turned on edge when work is not in progress.
B.
Cold Weather Protection:
1.
Preparation:
a.
When ice or snow has formed on masonry bed, remove by carefully applying heat not to exceed 120 degrees F (49 degrees C) until surface is dry to the touch.
b.
Remove all masonry deemed frozen or damaged.
2.
Products:
a.
When brick suction exceeds BIA reference standard, sprinkle with heated water:
1)
When units are above 32 degrees F (0 degrees C), heat water above 70 degrees F (21 degrees C).
2)
When units are below 32 degrees F (0 degrees C), heat water above 130 degrees F (54 degrees C).
b.
Use dry masonry units.
c.
Do not use wet or frozen units.
3.
Construction Requirements While Work is Progressing:
a.
Air temperature 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) to 32 degrees F (0 degrees C):
1)
Heat sand or mixing water to produce mortar temperatures between 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) to 32 degrees F (0 degrees C).
b.
Air temperature 32 degrees F (0 degrees C) to 25 degrees F (-4 degrees C):
1)
Heat sand and mixing water to produce temperatures between 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) and 120 degrees F (49 degrees C).
2)
Maintain temperature of mortar on boards above freezing.
c.
Air temperatures 25 degrees F (-4 degrees C) to 20 degrees F (-7 degrees C).
1)
Heat sand and mixing water to produce mortar temperatures between 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) and 120 degrees F. (49 degrees C).
2)
Maintain mortar temperatures on boards above freezing.
3)
Use salamanders or other heat sources on both sides of walls under construction.
4)
Use windbreaks when wind is in excess of 15 mph (24 kms/h).
d.
Air temperature 20 degrees F (-7 degrees C) and below:
1)
Heat sand and mixing water to produce mortar temperatures between 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) and 120 degrees F (49 degrees C.).
2)
Provide enclosures and auxiliary heat to maintain air temperature above 32 degrees F (0 degrees C).
3)
Minimum temperature of units when laid: 20 degrees F (-7 degrees C).
4.
Protection requirements for completed masonry and masonry not being worked on:
a.
Mean daily air temperature 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) to 32 degrees F (0 degrees C):
1)
Protect masonry from rain or snow for 24 hours by covering with weather-resistive membrane.
b.
Mean daily air temperature 32 degrees F (0 degrees C) to 25 degrees F (-4 degrees C):
1)
Completely cover masonry with weather-resistive membrane for 24 hrs.
c.
Mean daily temperature 25 degrees F (-4 degrees C) to 20 degrees F (-7 degrees C):
1)
Completely cover masonry with insulating blankets or equal protection for 24 hours.
d.
Mean daily air temperature 20 degrees F (-7 degrees C) and below:
1)
Maintain masonry temperature above 32 degrees F (0 degrees C) for 24 hours by:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete methods not required or allowed.
 
a)
Method: Enclosure and supplementary heat.
b)
Method: Electric heating blankets.
c)
Method: Infrared lamps.
d)
Method: Other approved methods.
C.
Hot Weather Protection:
1.
When temperature exceeds 100 degrees F or 90 degrees F with 8 mph wind (above 38 degrees C or 32 degrees C with 13 kms/h wind).
a.
Maintain temperature of mortar and grout between 70 degrees F and 120 degrees F (21 degrees C and 49 degrees C).
1)
Limit spread of mortar bed to 4 feet (1.2 m). Place units within 1 minute of spreading mortar.
b.
Partially or recently completed walls may be fog sprayed and/or covered with opaque plastic or canvas or both to control moisture evaporation.
PART 2 PRODUCTS
 
2.1
MANUFACTURERS
A.
Acceptable Manufacturer: Redland Brick Inc., which is located at: 15718 Clearspring Rd.; Williamsport, MD 21795; Toll Free Tel: 800-366-2742; Tel: 301-223-7700; Fax: 301-223-6675; Email: request info (information@redlandbrick.com); Web: www.redlandbrick.com
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete one of the following two paragraphs; coordinate with requirements of Division 1 section on product options and substitutions.
 
B.
Substitutions: Not permitted.
C.
Requests for substitutions will be considered in accordance with provisions of Section 01 60 00 - Product Requirements.
2.2
CLAY MASONRY UNITS
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert product name required for project.
 
A.
All brick specified and shown on drawing shall be ______________________ as Manufactured by Redland Brick Inc.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete brick types not required.
 
1.
Facing Brick: ASTM C 216, Grade SW,
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete types not required.
 
a.
Type FBS.
b.
Type FBX.
c.
Type FBA.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert size required for project.
 
d.
Size: _____ by _____ by _____ (t by h by l)
2.
Hollow Brick: ASTM C 652, Grade SW.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete types not required.
 
a.
Type HBS.
b.
Type HBX.
c.
Type HBA.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert size required for project.
 
d.
Size: _____ by _____ by _____(t by h by l)
3.
Thin Veneer Brick: ASTM C 1088.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete grade not required.
 
a.
Grade Exterior.
b.
Grade Interior.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete types not required.
 
c.
Type TBS.
d.
Type TBX.
e.
Type TBA.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert size required for project.
 
f.
Size: _____ by _____ by _____ (t by h by l).
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Insert value required for project. Not applicable to thin brick confirming with ASTM C 1088.
 
B.
Minimum Compressive Strength: ______. (Not applicable to Thin Brick conforming with ASTM C1088.)
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete if brick allowance is required for Project.
 
C.
Provide brick similar in texture, color and physical properties to those available for inspection at the Architect/Engineer's office and/or as supplied on the approved sample panel.
D.
Shapes: Special shapes are required to be used per architectural detail(s).
E.
Blend: Unpackage brick from several pallets at the same time. Blend by taking brick from several rows within each package at the same time, in order to maintain intended color range.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete if steel reinforcement is not required. Typically retain all reinforcing bar types, except epoxy coated rebar is typically more corrosion-resistant and more costly. Delete epoxy coated billet steel if not required.
 
2.3
STEEL REINFORCEMENT
A.
Reinforcing Bars:
1.
Billet Steel Deformed Bars: ASTM A 615.
2.
Rail Steel Deformed Bars: ASTM A 616 or A996.
3.
Axle Steel Deformed Bars: ASTM A 617 or A996.
4.
Epoxy Coated Billet Steel: ASTM A 615 and ASTM A 775.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Several types are typically required for a project. Delete types not required.
 
2.4
ANCHORS AND TIES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Corrugated ties are only recommended on 1 to 3 story residential or commercial buildings. Delete anchors and ties not required.
 
A.
Corrugated Ties: ASTM A 1008, 20 gauge steel, galvanized ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
B.
Truss Joint Reinforcement: ASTM A 82 steel, galvanized ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
C.
Ladder Joint Reinforcement: ASTM A 82 steel, ASTM A 82 (ASTM A 666) steel, galvanized ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
D.
Wire Wall Ties: ASTM A 82 steel, galvanized ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
E.
Dovetail Anchors: ASTM A 82 steel, galvanized ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
F.
Plate Bent Bar Anchors: ASTM A 36 steel, galvanized ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
G.
Plate Header Bar Anchors: ASTM A 36 steel, galvanized ASTM A 153, Class B-2.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Several types are typically required for a project. Delete types not required.
 
2.5
FLASHING
A.
Copper: ASTM B 370, 5 oz.
B.
Copper: ASTM B 370, 7 oz.
C.
Stainless Steel: ASTM A 666, Grade_______, Type 304.
D.
Plastic: PVC, 30 mil (0.75 mm) thick.
E.
Copper/Fabric: 5 oz.
F.
Plastic/Copper: 5 oz.
G.
Asphalt-Coated Copper: 5 oz.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Several types are typically required for a project. Delete types not required or retain all.
 
2.6
EXPANSION JOINTS
A.
Premolded Foam: ASTM D 1056, Type 2, Class A, Grade 1.
B.
Neoprene: ASTM D 1056, Type 2, Class A, Grade 1.
C.
Backer Rod: Extruded, Closed Cell Polyethylene.
2.7
ACCESSORIES
A.
Weepholes:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Typically delete three of the four following types of weephole material.
 
1.
Rope Wicks: Cotton Sash Cord, 12 inches long with end laid in cavity.
2.
Plastic Tubes: 1/4 inch (6 mm) minimum inside diameter by 4 inches (102 mm) long.
3.
Aluminum Weep/Vents.
4.
Plastic Weep/Vents.
2.8
MORTAR
A.
Mortar shall conform to ASTM C 270 under the guidelines provided in BIA Technical Notes #8 Series.
PART 3 EXECUTION
 
3.1
EXAMINATION
A.
Do not begin installation until substrates have been properly prepared.
B.
If substrate preparation is the responsibility of another installer, notify Architect of unsatisfactory preparation before proceeding.
3.2
PREPARATION
A.
Clean surfaces thoroughly prior to installation.
B.
Cleaning Reinforcement:
1.
Remove mud, loose rust, ice and other coatings from reinforcement which would interfere with bond.
C.
Prepare surfaces using the methods recommended by the manufacturer for achieving the best result for the substrate under the project conditions.
3.3
INSTALLATION
A.
Install in accordance with manufacturer's instructions and approved submittals. Comply with manufacturer's reference standards as listed in this Section.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete if not required.
 
1.
For molded brick from manufacturer's Cushwa or Rock Ridge plants, comply with TAN: Basic Guide for Installing Molded Brick.
3.4
BONDING
A.
Lay masonry in bond pattern as indicated on drawings or general notes.
1.
Reference BIA Technical Note No. 30 for additional requirements.
3.5
LAYING MASONRY
A.
Lay masonry with full head and bed joints.
B.
Lay all brick plumb and true to lines.
C.
Where fresh mortar joins partially set mortar, remove loose brick and mortar, and lightly wet exposed surface of set masonry.
D.
Toothing shall be subject to approval by the Architect/Engineer.
E.
When adjustment is necessary to be made after mortar begins to harden, remove hardened mortar and replace with fresh mortar.
3.6
TOOLING AND POINTING
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete joint profiles not required.
 
A.
Joint Profile: Tool mortar joints to a concave appearance.
B.
Joint Profile: Tool mortar joints to a concave V-shaped appearance.
C.
Joint Profile: Tool mortar joints to a concave grapevine appearance.
D.
Tool exposed joints when "thumb-print" hard.
E.
Flush cut all joints not tooled.
F.
When pointing, rake mortar joints to a depth of not less than 1/2 inch (12 mm). Fill solidly with pointing mortar. Tool joints.
3.7
FLASHING
A.
Clean surface of masonry from projections which might puncture flashing.
B.
Place through-wall flashing on bed of mortar.
C.
Cover flashing with mortar.
D.
Lap flashing a minimum of 6 inches (152 mm).
E.
Leave flashing project from face of wall approximately 1/4 inch (6 mm) to form a drip. Flashing shall be cut back to the face of the wall after inspection, if the drip is deemed objectionable by Architect.
3.8
WEEPHOLES
A.
Provide weep holes in head joints of the first brick course immediately above flashing by placing weeps no more than 24 inches (610 mm) on center horizontally.
B.
Keep cavity free from mortar.
3.9
EXPANSION JOINTS
A.
Keep clean from all mortar and debris.
B.
Locate as shown on drawing.
C.
Install neoprene pre-molded foam pad.
D.
Install backer rod.
E.
Install sealant. Prime surfaces if necessary.
3.10
CLEANING
A.
Cut out all defective mortar joints and holes in exposed masonry and provide new mortar.
B.
Clean pre-selected sample wall area. Do not proceed with cleaning until approved by Architect.
C.
Clean brick and mortar as outlined in BIA Technical Notes 20 and in accordance with manufacturer's technical advisory note.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete categories not required.
 
1.
Category A - KF SWB and all Surface Treated Brick; Harmar, KF and Lawrenceville Sand Faced Brick; Harmar and KF Tumbled Brick; Cushwa and Rocky Ridge Molded Face Brick: Comply with technical advisory for Cleaning Molded Brickwork. High pressure (over 300 psi) is not allowed. Use Eacochem NMD80 cleaning agent or equal acceptable to the brick manufacturer.
2.
Category B - Harmar, KF and Lawrenceville Face Brick (not sanded or coated): Clean with bucket and brush method, high pressure allowed if appropriate precautions used. Use Eacochem NMD80 cleaning agent or equal acceptable to the brick manufacturer.
3.
Category C - Cushwa and Rocky Ridge Molded Pavers:; Harmar, KF and Lawrenceville Pavers (not tumbled); Harmar Ashmot and Cheswick Lime Coated Face Brick; KF Nantucket and Chathem Lime Coated Face Brick: No cleaning is recommended.
4.
Category D - KF Tumbled Pavers (Canal Street); Harmar Tumbled Pavers (Rural Village): No cleaning is allowed.
D.
All cleaning practices and product used shall be in accordance with cleaning products manufacturer's printed instructions.
END OF SECTION