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SECTION 09 30 00
TILE SETTING MATERIALS AND ACCESSORIES
 
 
Copyright 2006 - 2015 ARCAT, Inc. - All rights reserved
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Laticrete; mortars, grouts, underlayments, waterproofing, crack control.
.
This section is based on the products of Laticrete International, Inc., which is located at:
1 Laticrete Park North.
Bethany, CT 06524-3423.
Tel: (203) 393-0010.
Tel: (800) 243-4788.
Fax: (203)393-1684.
Email: technicalservices@laticrete.com .
...Web: www.laticrete.com/architects.aspx .
.
Laticrete is the world leader in high strength, shock and weather resistant installation systems for ceramic tile, pavers, brick, and stone. For over 60 years, Laticrete International has provided the technology and products to make innovative, permanent installations. Laticrete materials are designed to perform as a system, with fully compatible products for surface preparation, waterproofing, adhesives, and grouting to ensure single source responsibility.
This specification is organized to allow the specifier to specify either by application system (See APPLICATION SYSTEMS article), or by required individual components.
 
PART 1 GENERAL
 
1.1
SECTION INCLUDES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete items below not required for project.
 
A.
Ceramic tile materials and applications including the following:
1.
Ceramic wall tile and trim units (glazed).
2.
Ceramic floor tile/mosaics and trim units (glazed or unglazed).
3.
Ceramic tile pavers and trim units (glazed or unglazed).
4.
Quarry tile pavers and trim units (glazed or unglazed).
5.
Porcelain tile.
6.
Glass tile (including mosaics).
7.
Special purpose tile.
8.
Decorative thin wall tile.
9.
Installation adhesives, mortars, grouts and sealants.
10.
Waterproofing membranes for Ceramic tile work.
11.
Anti-fracture membranes for ceramic tile work.
12.
Uncoupling membranes for ceramic tile work.
13.
Sound control underlayment.
14.
Thresholds, trim, cementitious backer units and other accessories specified herein.
1.2
RELATED SECTIONS
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete any sections below not relevant to this project; add others as required.
 
A.
Section 03 30 00 - Cast-in-Place Concrete Cast-in-Place Concrete
B.
Section 03 39 00 - Concrete Curing Concrete Curing
C.
Section 03 41 10 - Plant-Precast Structural Concrete* Precast Structural Concrete
D.
Section 03 53 00 - Concrete Topping Concrete Topping
E.
Section 04 20 00 - Unit Masonry Unit Masonry (CMU wall substrates)
F.
Section 04 40 00 - Stone Assemblies Stone Masonry
G.
Section 06 10 00 - Rough Carpentry Rough Carpentry (plywood sub-floors)
H.
Section 07 13 00 - HDPE Membrane Waterproofing Sheet Waterproofing
I.
Section 07 14 00 - Fluid-Applied Waterproofing Fluid Applied Waterproofing
J.
Section 07 50 00 - Membrane Roofing Membrane Roofing
K.
Section 07 91 26 - Joint Fillers Joint Sealants
L.
Section 09 01 20.91 - Plaster Restoration Backing Boards and Underlayments
M.
Section - Gypsum Board
N.
Section - Toilet, Bath, and Laundry Accessories
1.3
REFERENCES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete references from the list below that are not actually required by the text of the edited section.
 
A.
American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members.
B.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI):
1.
ANSI A137.1 American National Standard Specifications For Ceramic Tile.
2.
ANSI A137.2 American National Standard Specifications For Glass Tile.
3.
ANSI A108.01 - A108.17 American National Standard Specifications For The Installation Of Ceramic Tile.
4.
ANSI A118.1 - A118.15 American National Standard Specifications For The Installation Of Ceramic Tile.
5.
ANSI A136.1 American National Standard Specifications For The Installation Of Ceramic Tile.
C.
American Plywood Association (APA) Y510T Plywood Design Specifications.
D.
ASTM International (ASTM):
1.
ASTM A82 Standard Specification for Steel Wire, Plain, for Concrete Reinforcement.
2.
ASTM A185 Standard Specification for Steel Welded Wire Fabric, Plain, for Concrete Reinforcement.
3.
ASTM C33 Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregate.
4.
ASTM C36 Standard Specification for Gypsum Wallboard.
5.
ASTM C109 Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or 50-mm Cube Specimens).
6.
ASTM C144 Standard Specification for Aggregate for Masonry Mortar.
7.
ASTM C150 Standard Specification for Portland Cement.
8.
ASTM C171 Standard Specification for Sheet Materials for Curing Concrete.
9.
ASTM C241 Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Stone Subjected to Foot Traffic.
10.
ASTM C267 Standard Test Method for Chemical Resistance of Mortars, Grouts, and Monolithic Surfacings.
11.
ASTM C482 Standard Test Method for Bond Strength of Ceramic Tile to Portland Cement.
12.
ASTM C503 Standard Specification for Marble Dimension Stone (Exterior).
13.
ASTM C531 Standard Test Method for Linear Shrinkage and Coefficient of Thermal Expansion of Chemical-Resistant Mortars, Grouts, Monolithic Surfacings and Polymer Concretes.
14.
ASTM C627 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Ceramic Floor Tile Installation Systems Using the Robinson-Type Floor Tester.
15.
ASTM C794 Standard Test Method for Adhesion-in-Peel of Elastomeric Joint Sealants.
16.
ASTM C847 Standard Specification for Metal Lath.
17.
ASTM C905 Standard Test Method for Apparent Density of Chemical-Resistant Mortars, Grouts, and Monolithic Surfacings.
18.
ASTM C920 Standard Specification for Elastomeric Joint Sealants.
19.
ASTM C955 Standard Specification for Load Bearing (Transverse and Axial) Steel Studs, Runners (Tracks), and Bracing or Bridging for Screw Application of Gypsum Board and Metal Plaster Bases.
20.
ASTM D226 Standard Specification for Asphalt-Saturated Organic Felt Used in Roofing And Waterproofing.
21.
ASTM D227 Standard Specification for Coal-Tar Saturated Organic Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing.
22.
ASTM D751 Standard Test Method for Coated Fabrics.
23.
ASTM D751 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property - Durometer Hardness.
24.
ASTM D1248 Standard Test Method for Staining of Porous Substances by Joint Sealants.
25.
ASTM D2240 Standard Test Method for Coated Fabrics.
26.
ASTM D4263 Standard Test Method for Indicating Moisture in Concrete by The Plastic Sheet Method.
27.
ASTM D4397 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Sheeting for Construction, Industrial and Agricultural Applications.
28.
ASTM D4716 Standard Test Method for Determining the (In Plane) Flow Rate Per Unit Width and Hydraulic Transmissivity of a Geo-synthetic Using a Constant Head.
29.
ASTM E84 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials.
30.
ASTM E90 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Measurement of Airborne Sound Transmission Loss of Building Partitions.
31.
ASTM E96 Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials.
32.
ASTM E413 Standard Classification for Rating Sound Insulation.
33.
ASTM E492 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Measurement of Impact Sound Transmission Through Floor-Ceiling Assemblies Using the Tapping Machine.
34.
ASTM E989 Standard Classification for Determination of Impact Insulation Class (IIC).
35.
ASTM E1155 Standard Test Method for Determining FF Floor Flatness and FL Floor Levelness.
36.
ASTM F1869 Standard Test Method for Measuring Moisture Vapor Emission Rate of Concrete Subfloor Using Anhydrous Calcium Chloride.
37.
ASTM 2170 Standard Test Method for Determining Relative Humidity in Concrete Floor Slabs using in situ Probes.
38.
ASTM 2420 Standard Test Method for Determining Relative Humidity on the Surface of Concrete Floors Slabs using Relative Humidity Probe Measurement and Insulated Hood.
E.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) - ASME A112.6.3 Floor and Trench Drains.
F.
Canadian Sheet Steel Building Institute (CSSBI) Lightweight Steel Framing Binder Publication 52M.
G.
Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Bulletin No. 750 Impact Noise Control in Multifamily Dwellings.
H.
Housing and Urban Development (HUD) TS 28 A Guide to Airborne, Impact and Structure-borne Noise-Control in Multifamily Dwellings.
I.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 13007 Standards for Grouts and Adhesives.
J.
Materials And Methods Standards Association (MMSA) Bulletins 1-16.
K.
Metal Lath/Steel Framing Association (ML/SFA) 540 Lightweight Steel Framing Systems Manual.
L.
Steel Stud Manufacturers Association (SSMA) Product Technical Information and ICBO Evaluation Service, Inc. Report ER-4943P.
M.
Terrazzo, Tile And Marble Association Of Canada (TTMAC) Specification Guide 09300 Tile Installation Manual.
N.
Tile Council Of North America (TCNA) Handbook For Ceramic, Glass, and Stone Tile Installation.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Below are example descriptions; edit for additional applicable systems
 
1.4
SUBMITTALS
A.
Submit under provisions of Section 01 30 00 - Administrative Requirements.
B.
Product Data: Manufacturer's technical information for each product specified.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete the following paragraph if not required. Edit for applicable requirements
 
C.
Submittal Requirements: Submit the following "Required LEED Criteria" certification items as listed below. Refer to Division 1 for additional requirements:
1.
A completed LEED Environmental Building Materials Certification Form. Information to be supplied generally includes:
a.
Manufacturing plant locations for tile installation products.
b.
LEED Credits as listed in "LEED Credit Submittals"
c.
Recycled content; pre-consumer or post-consumer; or;
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Project specific information gathered using the LATICRETE LEED Project Certification Assistant available at www.laticrete.com/green .
 
2.
UL GREENGUARD Certification Program For Chemical Emissions For Building Materials, Finishes And Furnishings, UL 2818 or UL GREENGUARD Gold certificates provided by the tile installation materials manufacturer on UL GREENGUARD letterhead stating "This product has been UL GREENGUARD Gold Product Certified For Low Chemical Emissions by the UL Environment under the UL GREENGUARD Certification Program For Chemical Emissions For Building Materials, Finishes And Furnishings" for each tile installation product used to verify Low VOC product information.
3.
Contractor's certification of LEED Compliance: Submit Contractor's certification verifying the installation of specified LEED Compliant products.
4.
Product Cut Sheets for all materials that meet the LEED performance criteria. Submit Product Cut Sheets with Contractor or Sub-contractor's stamp, as confirmation that submitted products were installed on Project.
5.
Material Safety Data Sheets for all applicable products.
D.
LEED Credit Submittals for the following;
1.
LEED Reference Guide for Green Building Design and Construction, LEED v4 MR Credit Building Product Disclosure and Optimization - Material Ingredients: Manufacturer's product data for tile installation materials, including Health Product Declaration (HPD) on HPD Collaborative letterhead.
2.
LEED Reference Guide for Green Building Design and Construction, LEED v4 MR Credit Building Product Disclosure and Optimization - Sourcing of Raw Materials Option 2 (Recycled Content): Manufacturer's product data for tile installation materials.
3.
LEED Reference Guide for Green Building Design and Construction, LEED v4 MR Credit: Building Product Disclosure and Optimization - Sourcing of Raw Materials Option 2 (Regional Materials): Product data indicating location of material manufacturer for regionally manufactured Materials (within 100 miles (161km) of project site).
4.
LEED Reference Guide for Green Building Design and Construction, LEED v4 Edition MR Credit Construction and Demolition Waste Management: Path 1 (Divert 50% and Three Material Streams) Manufacturer's packaging showing recycle symbol for appropriate disposition in construction waste management.
5.
LEED Reference Guide for Green Building Design and Construction, LEED v4 Edition MR Credit Construction and Demolition Waste Management: Path 1 (Divert 75% and Four Material Streams) Manufacturer's packaging showing recycle symbol for appropriate disposition in construction waste management.
6.
LEED Reference Guide for Green Building Design and Construction, LEED v4 EQ Credit Low-Emitting Materials: Manufacturer's product data for tile installation materials, including UL GREENGUARD Gold Certificate on UL GREENGUARD letterhead stating product VOC emissions.
7.
LEED Schools Reference Guide (Educational Projects Only), 2007 Edition Credit EQ 9 (Enhanced Acoustical Performance): Impact noise reduction test reports and product data on sound control product(s).
8.
LEED Schools Reference Guide (Educational Projects Only), 2007 Edition Credit EQ 10 (Mold Prevention): Manufacturer's packaging and/or data showing anti-microbial protection in product(s).
E.
Submit shop drawings and manufacturers' product data.
F.
Submit samples of each type/style/finish/size/color of ceramic tile, mosaic, paver, trim unit or threshold.
G.
Submit manufacturers' installation instructions.
H.
Submit manufacturer's certification that the materials supplied conform to ANSI A137.1 for ceramic tile or ANSI A137.2 for glass tile.
I.
Submit proof of warranty.
J.
Submit Health Product Declarations (HPD) for each tile installation material.
K.
Submit sample of installation system demonstrating compatibility/functional relationships between adhesives, mortars, grouts and other components. Submit proof from ceramic tile manufacturer or supplier verifying suitability of ceramic tile for specific application and use; including dimensional stability, water absorption, freeze/thaw resistance (if applicable), resistance to thermal cycling, and other characteristics that the shall project shall require. These characteristics shall be reviewed and approved by the project design professional(s).
L.
Submit list from manufacturer of installation system/adhesive/mortar/grout identifying a minimum of three similar projects, each with a minimum of ten years service.
M.
For alternate materials, at least thirty days before bid date submit independent laboratory test results confirming compliance with specifications listed in Part 2 - Products.
1.5
QUALITY ASSURANCE
A.
Tile Manufacturer (Single Source Responsibility): Company specializing in ceramic tile, thin brick, masonry veneer, mosaics, pavers, trim units and/or thresholds with three years minimum experience. Obtain tile from a single source with resources to provide products of consistent quality in appearance and physical properties.
B.
Installation System Manufacturer (Single Source Responsibility): Company specializing in adhesives, mortars, grouts and other installation materials with ten years minimum experience and ISO 9001 certification. Obtain installation materials from single source manufacturer to insure consistent quality and full compatibility.
C.
Environmental Performance Criteria: The following criteria are required for products included in this section. Refer to Division 1 for additional requirements:
1.
Products manufactured regionally within a 100 mile (161 km) radius of the Project site;
2.
Adhesive products shall meet or exceed the VOC limits of South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule (SCAQMD) #1168 and Bay Area Air Quality Management District (BAAQMD) Reg. 8, Rule 51.
D.
Submit laboratory confirmation of adhesives, mortars, grouts and other installation materials:
1.
Identify proper usage of specified materials using positive analytical method.
2.
Identify compatibility of specified materials using positive analytical method.
3.
Identify proper color matching of specified materials using a positive analytical method.
E.
Installer Qualifications: Company specializing in installation of ceramic tile, thin brick, masonry veneer, mosaics, pavers, trim units and/or thresholds with five years documented experience with installations of similar scope, materials and design.
F.
Provide mock-up of each type/style/finish/size/color of ceramic tile, thin brick, masonry veneer, mosaics, pavers, trim units and/or thresholds along with respective installation adhesives, mortars, grouts and other installation materials.
G.
Pre-Installation Meeting: At least three weeks prior to commencing tile work conduct a meeting at the project site to discuss contract requirements and job conditions; require the attendance of tile installers, representative of installation materials manufacturer, and installers of related materials; notify Architect in advance of meeting.
1.6
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
A.
Acceptance at Site: deliver and store packaged materials in original containers with seals unbroken and labels, including grade seal, intact until time of use, in accordance with manufacturer's instructions.
B.
Store ceramic tile, stone, and installation system materials in a dry location; handle in a manner to prevent chipping, breakage, and contamination.
C.
Protect latex additives, organic adhesives, epoxy adhesives and sealants from freezing or overheating in accordance with manufacturer's instructions; store at room temperature when possible.
D.
Store Portland cement mortars and grouts in a dry location.
1.7
PROJECT CONDITIONS
A.
Provide ventilation and protection of environment as recommended by manufacturer.
B.
Prevent carbon dioxide damage to ceramic tile, thin brick, masonry veneer, mosaics, pavers, trim units and/or thresholds as well as adhesives, mortars, grouts and other installation materials, by venting temporary heaters to the exterior.
C.
Maintain ambient temperatures not less than 50 degrees F (10 degrees C) or more than 100 degrees F (38 degrees C) during installation and for a minimum of seven days after completion. Setting of Portland cement is retarded by low temperatures. Protect work for extended period of time and from damage by other trades. Installation with latex Portland cement mortars requires substrate, ambient and material temperatures at least 37 degrees F (3 degrees C). There shall be no ice in slab. Freezing after installation will not damage latex Portland cement mortars. Protect Portland cement based mortars and grouts from direct sunlight, radiant heat, forced ventilation (heat & cold) and drafts until cured to prevent premature evaporation of moisture. Epoxy mortars and grouts require surface temperatures between 60 degrees F (16 degrees C) and 90 degrees F (32 degrees C) at time of installation. It is the General Contractor's responsibility to maintain temperature control.
D.
Do not install epoxy based materials when surface temperature is less than 60 degrees F (16 degrees C) or over 90 degrees F (32 degrees C).
1.8
SEQUENCING AND SCHEDULING
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Edit for project specific sequence and scheduling
 
A.
Coordinate installation of tile work with related work.
B.
Proceed with tile work only after curbs, vents, drains, piping, and other projections through substrate have been installed and when substrate construction and framing of openings have been completed.
1.9
WARRANTY
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select one of the following LATICRETE system warranties.
 
A.
The Contractor warrants the work of this Section to be in accordance with the Contract Documents and free from faults and defects in materials and workmanship for a period of 25 years. The manufacturer of adhesives, mortars, grouts and other installation materials shall provide a written twenty five year warranty, which covers materials and labor - reference LATICRETE Warranty Data Sheet 025.0 for complete details and requirements.
B.
For exterior facades over steel or wood framing, the manufacturer of adhesives, mortars, grouts and other installation materials shall provide a written fifteen year warranty, which covers materials and labor - reference LATICRETE Warranty Data Sheet 230.15 for complete details and requirements.
1.10
MAINTENANCE
A.
Submit maintenance data under provisions of Section(s) (01 74 13) and (01 74 16) and (01 74 23). Include cleaning methods, cleaning solutions recommended, stain removal methods, as well as polishes and waxes recommended.
1.11
EXTRA MATERIALS STOCK
A.
Upon completion of the work of this Section, deliver to the Owner 2% minimum additional tile and trim shape of each type, color, pattern and size used in the Work, as well as extra stock of adhesives, mortars, grouts and other installation materials for the Owner's use in replacement and maintenance. Extra stock is to be from same production run or batch as original tile and installation materials.
PART 2 PRODUCTS
 
2.1
MANUFACTURERS
A.
Acceptable Manufacturer: LATICRETE International, Inc., which is located at: 1 LATICRETE Park N.; Bethany, CT 06524-3423; Toll Free Tel: 800-243-4788; Tel: 203-393-0010; Fax: 203-393-1684; Email: request info (technicalservices@laticrete.com); Web: www.laticrete.com/Mvis | www.drytek.com
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete one of the following two paragraphs; coordinate with requirements of Division 1 section on product options and substitutions.
 
B.
Substitutions: Not permitted.
C.
Requests for substitutions will be considered in accordance with provisions of Section 01 60 00 - Product Requirements.
D.
Obtain products from a single manufacturer.
2.2
TILE MANUFACTURERS
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Provide list of acceptable tile manufacturers.
 
A.
Subject to compliance with product requirements and performance requirements, provide products by one of the following manufacturers:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** edit for each tile type
 
B.
WALL TILE MATERlALS
1.
Ceramic Tile: ______.
2.
Grade: ______.
3.
Size: ______.
4.
Edge: ______.
5.
Finish: ______.
6.
Color: ______.
7.
Special shapes: ______.
8.
Location: ______.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** edit for each tile type
 
C.
FLOOR TILE MATERlALS
1.
Ceramic Tile:
2.
Grade:
3.
Size:
4.
Edge:
5.
Finish:
6.
Color:
7.
Special shapes:
8.
Location:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** The following ' Accessories' are separated into two (2) categories; ' Ceramic Tile' accessories and ' Exterior Adhered Veneer' accessories. Edit as applicable - delete all that do not apply.
 
2.3
INSTALLATION ACCESSORlES - CERAMIC TILE
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Edit applicable tile installation accessories.
 
A.
Waterproofing and Crack Isolation Membrane to be thin, cold applied, single component liquid and load bearing and UL GREENGUARD Gold compliant. Reinforcing fabric to be non-woven rot-proof specifically intended for waterproofing membrane. Waterproofing Membrane to be non-toxic, non-flammable, and non-hazardous during storage, mixing, application and when cured. It shall be certified by IAPMO and ICC approved as a shower pan liner and shall also meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE HYDRO BAN(R)*.
2.
Hydrostatic Test (ASTM D4068): Pass.
3.
Elongation @ break (ASTM D751): 20-30%.
4.
System Crack Resistance (ANSI A118.12): Pass (High).
5.
7 day Tensile Strength (ANSI A118.10): 265 psi (1.8 MPa).
6.
7 day Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.10): 200 psi (1.4 MPa).
7.
28 Day Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.4): 214 psi (1.48 - 2.4 MPa).
8.
Service Rating (TCNA/ASTM C627): Extra Heavy.
9.
Total VOC Content: =0.22 mg/m3.
B.
Epoxy Waterproofing Membrane to be 3 component epoxy, trowel applied specifically designed to be used under Ceramic tile, stone or brick and requires only 24 hours prior to flood testing:
1.
Basis of Design: LATAPOXY Waterproof Flashing Mortar.
2.
Breaking Strength (ANSI A118.10): 450-530 psi (3.1-3.6 MPa).
3.
Waterproofness (ANSI A118.10): No Water penetration.
4.
7 day Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.10): 110-150 psi (0.8-1 MPa).
5.
28 Day Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.10): 90-120 psi (0.6- 0.83 MPa).
6.
12 Week Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.10): 110-130 psi (0.8-0.9 MPa).
7.
Total VOC Content: <3.4 g/L.
C.
Waterproofing Sheet Membrane to be thin, durable polyethylene core with a fused non-woven polypropylene exterior surface, IAPMO approved as shower pan liner, and allow for use of either polymer modified or un-modified tile mortars, depending upon substrate and type of tile used.
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane.
2.
Waterproofness (ASTM D4068): Pass.
3.
7 day Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.10): = 170 psi.
4.
7-Day Water Immersion Shear Strength (ASTM C482-09): = 100 psi.
5.
Service Rating (TCNA ASTM C627): Extra Heavy.
D.
Lightweight, Waterproof Tile Backer Board to comprised of high-density polystyrene core and reinforced, waterproof cementitious coating on both sides. Available in thicknesses from 1/4 inch to 2 inches (6 millimeters to 50 millimeters) and specifically designed for use in bonded tile and stone installations.
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE HYDRO BAN(R) Board.
2.
Compressive Strength (ASTM D1621): 30 psi (0.2 MPa).
3.
Compressive Modulus (ASTM D1621): = 1200 psi (8.3 MPa).
4.
Tensile Strength (ASTM C297): 50 psi (0.3 MPa).
5.
Elongation (ASTM C297): 3.1%.
6.
Shear Strength (ASTM C273): 30 foot pounds (0.04 kN-meter).
7.
Waterproofness (ANSI A118.10): Pass.
8.
R-Value (ASTM C578): R=4.8/inch.
9.
Flexural Strength (ASTM C947): = 1900 psi (13.1 MPa).
10.
Temperature Limits: 160 - 220 degrees F (71 - 104 degrees C).
11.
Flash Point: = 600 degrees F (316 degrees C).
E.
Low Profile Linear Floor Drain to be comprised of heavy duty 304 stainless steel, specially designed for bonded waterproofing installations, allow for large format tile use in showers with single slope to drain, available with standard, vertical waste line and horizontal side outlet, and with flow rate of >= eight (8) gallons per minute (30 liters per minute).
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Linear Drain.
F.
Low Profile Bonding Flange Floor Drain to be comprised of heavy duty 304 stainless steel, specially designed for bonded waterproofing installations, allow for elimination of pre-slope layer and primary shower pan liner, per TCNA B422, and with flow rate of >= eight (8) gallons per minute (30 liters per minute).
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Bonding Flange Drain.
G.
Floor Sealer: Colorless, stain- and slip-resistant sealer, not affecting color and physical properties of ceramic tile and stone surfaces as recommended by sealer manufacturer for application indicated.
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE STONETECH BULLETPROOF(R) Sealer.
H.
Wire Reinforcing: 2 inches x 2 inches (50 x 50 mm) x 16 ASW gauge or 0.0625 inch (1.6 mm) diameter galvanized steel welded wire mesh complying with ANSI A108.02 3.7, ASTM A185 and ASTM A82.
I.
Cleavage membrane: 15 pound asphalt saturated, non-perforated roofing felt complying with ASTM D226, 15 pound coal tar saturated, non-perforated roofing felt complying with ASTM D227 or 4.0 mils (0.1 mm) thick polyethylene plastic film complying with ASTM D4397.
J.
Cementitious backer board units: size and thickness as specified, complying with ANSI A118.9.
K.
Thresholds: Provide marble saddles complying with ASTM C241 for abrasion resistance and ASTM C503 for exterior use, in color, size, shape and thickness as indicated on drawings.
2.4
INSTALLATION ACCESSORlES - EXTERIOR ADHERED VENEER
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Edit applicable tile installation accessories.
 
A.
Waterproofing / Crack Suppression / Air & Water Barrier Membrane to be thin, cold applied, single component liquid and load bearing. Reinforcing fabric to be non-woven rot-proof specifically intended for waterproofing membrane. Waterproofing Membrane to be non-toxic, non-flammable, and non-hazardous during storage, mixing, application and when cured. It shall be certified by IAPMO and ICC approved as a shower pan liner and shall also meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier.
2.
Hydrostatic Test (ASTM D4068): Pass.
3.
Elongation @ Break (ASTM D751): 20-30%.
4.
System Crack Resistance (ANSI A118.12): Pass (High).
5.
7 day Tensile Strength (ANSI A118.10): >265 psi (1.8 MPa).
6.
7 day Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.10) >200 psi (1.4 MPa).
7.
28 Day Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.4): >214 psi (1.48 - 2.4 MPa).
8.
Service Rating (TCA/ASTM C627): Extra Heavy.
9.
Total VOC Content: < 0.05 mg/m3.
B.
Epoxy Waterproofing Membrane/Flashing Mortar to be 3 component epoxy, trowel applied specifically designed to be used under masonry veneer, stone or thin brick and requires only 24 hours prior to flood testing:
1.
Basis of Design: LATAPOXY Waterproof Flashing Mortar.
2.
Breaking Strength (ANSI A118.10): 450-530 psi (3.1-3.6 MPa).
3.
Waterproofness (ANSI A118.10): No Water penetration.
4.
7 day Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.10): 110-150 psi (0.8-1 MPa).
5.
28 Day Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.10): 90-120 psi (0.6- 0.83 MPa).
6.
12 Week Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.10): 110-130 psi (0.8-0.9 MPa).
7.
Total VOC Content: <3.4 g/L.
C.
Sealer (Exterior Masonry Veneers): Water-based formula specifically designed for topical application on porous stones in exterior applications.
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE STONETECH(R) Heavy Duty Exterior Sealer.
D.
Galvanized, diamond metal lath: flat expanded type, weighing not less than 3.2 lb. per yd2 (1.4 kg/m2). Metal lath shall comply with ASTM C847.
E.
Cleavage membrane: 15 pound asphalt saturated, non-perforated roofing felt complying with ASTM D226, 15 pound coal tar saturated, non-perforated roofing felt complying with ASTM D227 or 4.0 mils (0.1 mm) thick polyethylene plastic film complying with ASTM D4397.
F.
Cementitious backer board units: size and thickness as specified, complying with ANSI A118.9.
2.5
INSTALLATION MATERIALS - CERAMIC TILE
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Edit applicable tile installation materials.
 
A.
Sound Abatement & Crack Isolation Mat shall be load bearing, shock and vibration resistant. It shall be certified by independent laboratory testing to meet the specified acoustical performance when installed in a Floor Assembly with a 6 inches (150mm) concrete slab, as well as meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE 170 Sound & Crack Isolation Mat.
2.
Service Rating (ASTM C627): Light.
3.
Point Load (ANSI A118.12 5.2): >1,250 psi (8.6 MPa).
4.
Installed Weight (ASTM C905 Modified): 2.6 lbs./ft2 (12.8 kg/m2).
5.
Delta Impact Insulation Class (AIIC; ASTM E2179): 20.
B.
Sound Abatement & Crack Suppression Adhesive shall comply with ANSI A118.12, provide an Extra Heavy rating, be UL GREENGUARD Gold compliant, and provide a minimum AIIC of 15:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE 125 Sound & Crack Adhesive.
2.
UL GREENGUARD Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG 2818) and UL GREENGUARD Gold Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG UL 2818).
3.
Service Rating (ASTM C627): Extra Heavy.
4.
Delta Impact Insulation Class (AIIC; ASTM E2179): 15.
5.
Point Load (ANSI A118.12 5.2): >1,000 psi (6.9 MPa).
6.
Minimum Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.12): 100psi (0.7 MPa).
C.
Uncoupling Membrane shall comply with ANSI A118.12, provide an Extra Heavy rating and allow for use with ANSI A118.4 thin-bed mortars:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE STRATA_MAT.
2.
UL GREENGUARD Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG 2818) and UL GREENGUARD Gold Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG UL 2818).
3.
Service Rating (ASTM C627): Extra Heavy.
4.
ANSI A118.12 (High Performance): Pass.
D.
Moisture Vapor Reduction to be epoxy based and UL GREENGUARD Gold compliant as well as meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE NXT(TM) Vapor Reduction Coating.
2.
UL GREENGUARD Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG 2818) and UL GREENGUARD Gold Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG UL 2818).
3.
Shear Bond to Concrete (ANSI A118.12-5.1.5): >285 psi (2.0 MPa).
4.
Alkalinity Resistance (ASTM C267): Pass.
5.
Permeability (ASTM F1869): 9.7 lbs/1,000ft2/24 hours down to 0.2 lbs/1,000 ft2/24hours (248µg/sm2 down to 11 µg/sm2).
6.
Total VOC Content: =0.22 mg/m3.
E.
Electric Radiant Heat Mat to be comprised of intertwining heat element and mesh construction and comply with UL 1693 - Electric Radiant Heating Panels and Heating Panel Sets and UL 1673 - Electric Space Heating Cables.
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE Floor HEAT Mat.
F.
Electric Radiant Heat Cable System to be comprised of intertwining heat element and mesh construction and comply with UL 1693 - Electric Radiant Heating Panels and Heating Panel Sets and UL 1673 - Electric Space Heating Cables.
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE Floor HEAT Wire.
G.
Prefabricated & pre-sloped shower pan with curb constructed of lightweight high density expanded polystyrene. Approved by IAPMO PS 106-2012 for US & shall as a prefabricated tile-able shower receptor and exceeds ANSI A118.10. Use only manufacturer approved adhesives and sealants for installation.
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Pre-Sloped Shower pan and LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Preformed Curb / HYDRO BAN Linear Pre-Sloped Shower Pan.
H.
Latex Portland Cement Mortar for thick beds, screeds, leveling beds and scratch/plaster coats to be weather, frost, shock resistant, UL GREENGUARD Gold compliant, and meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE 3701 Fortified Mortar.
2.
UL GREENGUARD Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG 2818) and UL GREENGUARD Gold Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG UL 2818).
3.
Compressive Strength (ANSI A118.4 Modified): >4,000 psi (27.6 MPa).
4.
Water Absorption (ANSI A118.6): = 5%.
5.
Service Rating (TCA/ASTM C627): Extra Heavy.
6.
Smoke & Flame Contribution (ASTM E84 Modified): 0.
7.
Total VOC Content: =0.22 mg/m3.
I.
Self-Leveling Underlayment shall be mixed with water to produce a pumpable, fast setting, free flowing cementitious underlayment which shall be poured from 1/8 in. to 1-1/4 in. (3 to 32mm) thick in one pour and GREENGUARD Gold compliant.
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE NXT Level Plus and NXT Primer.
2.
28 Day Compressive Strength (ASTM C1708.): >4000 psi (27.6 MPa).
3.
Tensile Bond Strength (ASTM C1583): >500 psi (3.5 MPa).
4.
Time to Foot Traffic: 1 - 4 Hours.
5.
Total VOC Content: < 0.05 mg/m3.
J.
Epoxy Adhesive to be chemical resistant 100% solids epoxy with high temperature resistance, GREENGUARD Gold compliant, conform to ISO R2, and meet the following minimum physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATAPOXY 300 Adhesive.
2.
UL GREENGUARD Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG 2818) and UL GREENGUARD Gold Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG UL 2818).
3.
Compressive strength (ANSI A118.3): >5000 psi (34.4 MPa).
4.
Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.3): >1250 psi (8.6 MPa).
5.
Thermal Shock Resistance (ANSI A118.3): >600 psi (4.1 MPa).
6.
Tensile Strength (ANSI A118.3): >1400 psi (9.6 MPa).
7.
Shrinkage (ANSI A118.3): 0 - 0.1%.
8.
Total VOC Content: =0.22 mg/m3.
9.
ISO 13007 Classification: R2.
10.
Cured Epoxy Adhesive to be chemically and stain resistant to ketchup, mustard, tea, coffee, milk, soda, beer, wine, bleach (5% solution), ammonia, juices, vegetable oil, detergents, brine, sugar, cosmetics and blood, as well as chemically resistant to dilute food acids, dilute alkalis, gasoline, turpentine and mineral spirits.
K.
Modified Dry-Set Cement Thin Bed Mortar for thin set and slurry bond coats to be weather, frost, shock resistant, non-flammable, GREENGUARD Gold compliant, conform to ISO C2TES2, and meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE 254 Platinum.
2.
UL GREENGUARD Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG 2818) and UL GREENGUARD Gold Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG UL 2818).
3.
Compressive strength (ANSI A118.4): >2500 psi (17.2 MPa).
4.
Bond strength (ANSI A118.4): >450 psi (3.1 MPa).
5.
Smoke & Flame Contribution (ASTM E84 Modified): 0.
6.
Total VOC Content: =0.22 mg/m3.
L.
Improved Modified Dry-Set Cement Thin Bed Mortar for thin set and slurry bond coats to be weather, frost, shock resistant, non-flammable, GREENGUARD Gold compliant, conform to ISO C2TES2,and meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE 254 Platinum.
2.
UL GREENGUARD Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG 2818) and UL GREENGUARD Gold Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG UL 2818).
3.
28 Day Porcelain Tile Shear Strength (ANSI A118.15): >450 psi (3.1 MPa).
4.
28 Day Dry Cure / 20 Cycle Freeze-Thaw Porcelain Tile.
5.
Shear Strength (ANSI A118.15): = 250 psi (1.7 MPa).
6.
7 Day Cure / 7 Day Water Immersion (ANSI A118.15): >280 psi (1.9 MPa).
7.
Extended Open Time (ANSI A118.15): > 100 psi (0.7 MPa).
8.
Smoke & Flame Contribution (ASTM E84 Modified): 0.
9.
Total VOC Content: =0.22 mg/m3.
M.
Rapid-Setting Modified Dry-Set Cement Thin Bed Mortar to be weather, frost, shock resistant, non-flammable, conform to EN12004:2007 + A1:2012 for Class C2FTS2 adhesive, and meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE 254R Platinum Rapid.
2.
28 Day Porcelain Tile Shear Strength (ANSI A118.4): >400 psi (2.8MPa).
3.
7 Day Cure / 7 Day Water Immersion (ANSI A118.4): >200 psi (1.4 MPa).
4.
Shear Bond / Quarry Tile to Plywood (ANSI A118.11): >190 psi (1.3 MPa).
5.
Open Time (ANSI A118.4): >= 30 minutes.
N.
Modified Dry-Set Cement Thin Bed Glass Tile Adhesive to be weather, frost, shock resistant, non-flammable, GreenGuard compliant, conform to ISO C2TS1, and meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE Glass Tile Adhesive.
2.
Bond strength (ANSI A118.4 5.2.4): >370 psi (2.55 MPa).
3.
Bond strength (ANSI A118.4 5.2.3): 199 psi (1.37 MPa).
4.
Total VOC Content: <=0.22 mg/m3.
O.
Modified Dry-Set Cement Medium Bed Mortar to be weather, frost, shock resistant, non-flammable, UL GREENGUARD Gold compliant, conform to EN12004:2007 + A1 :2012 for Class C2T adhesive, and meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE 255 MULTIMAX.
2.
UL GREENGUARD Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG 2818) and UL GREENGUARD Gold Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG UL 2818).
3.
Compressive strength (ANSI A118.4): >2500 psi (17.2 MPa).
4.
28 Day bond strength (ANSI A118.4): =300 psi (2.1 MPa).
5.
7 day water soak bond strength (ANSI A118.4): >=190 psi (1.3 MPa).
6.
Sag Resistance (EN 1308): 0 mm.
7.
Total VOC Content: =0.22 mg/m3.
P.
Organic Adhesive shall be a non-flammable, water resistant, latex adhesive and shall meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE 15 Premium Mastic.
2.
Open Time (ANSI A136.1): 70 minutes @ 75 degrees F (24 degrees C).
3.
Color: White
4.
Density (ANSI A136.1): 13.2 lbs/gal (1.6 kg/l).
5.
Total VOC Content: <36.00 g/L.
Q.
Epoxy Grout (Industrial) to be non-flammable, chemical resistant 100% solids epoxy with high temperature resistance, UL GREENGUARD Gold compliant, and meeting the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE SPECTRALOCK 2000 IG.
2.
UL GREENGUARD Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG 2818) and UL GREENGUARD Gold Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG UL 2818).
3.
Initial Set Time (ANSI A118.5): Pass (4 hours).
4.
Service Set Time (ANSI A118.5): Pass (< 7 days).
5.
Shrinkage (ANSI A118.3): 0.07%.
6.
Sag (ANSI A118.3): Pass (No sag).
7.
Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.3; quarry tile): 2,200 psi (15.2 MPa).
8.
Compressive Strength (ANSI A118.3): 8,300 psi (57.2 MPa).
9.
Tensile Strength (ANSI A118.5): 3,000 psi (20.7 MPa).
10.
Thermal Shock Resistance (ANSI A118.3): 2,100 psi (14.5 MPa).
11.
Total VOC Content: =0.22 mg/m3.
12.
Cured Epoxy Grout to be chemically and stain resistant to ketchup, mustard, tea, coffee, milk, soda, beer, wine, bleach (3% solution), ammonia, juices, vegetable oil, detergents, brine, sugar, cosmetics, and blood, as well as being chemically resistant to dilute food/mineral acids, gasoline and mineral spirits.
R.
Epoxy Grout (Commercial/Residential) shall be non-toxic, non-flammable, non-hazardous during storage, mixing, application and when cured, UL GREENGUARD Gold compliant, and shall meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE SPECTRALOCK PRO Premium Grout.
2.
UL GREENGUARD Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG 2818) and UL GREENGUARD Gold Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG UL 2818).
3.
Compressive Strength (ANSI A118.3): 3,800 psi (26.2 MPa).
4.
Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.3): 1,100 psi (7.6 MPa).
5.
Tensile Strength (ANSI A118.3): 1,100 psi (7.6 MPa).
6.
Thermal Shock (ANSI A118.3): >800 psi (5.5 MPa).
7.
Water Absorption (ANSI A118.3): <0.05%.
8.
Vertical Joint Sag (ANSI A118.3): Pass.
9.
Total VOC Content: =0.22 mg/m3.
10.
Cured Epoxy Grout to be chemically and stain resistant to ketchup, mustard, tea, coffee, milk, soda, beer, wine, bleach (5% solution), ammonia, juices, vegetable oil, brine, sugar, cosmetics, and blood, as well as chemically resistant to dilute acids and dilute alkalis.
S.
Latex Portland Cement Grout to be weather, frost and shock resistant, UL GREENGUARD Gold compliant, as well as meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE PERMACOLOR Select Grout.
2.
UL GREENGUARD Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG 2818) and UL GREENGUARD Gold Certified For Low Chemical Emissions (ULCOM/GG UL 2818).
3.
Compressive Strength (ANSI A118.7): 3,500 psi (24.1 MPa).
4.
Tensile Strength (ANSI A118.7): 510 psi (3.5 MPa).
5.
Flexural Strength (ANSI A118.7): 1,250 psi (8.62 MPa).
6.
Water Absorption (ANSI A118.7): < 2.8%.
7.
Linear Shrinkage (ANSI A118.7): < 0.1 %.
8.
Smoke & Flame Contribution (ASTM E84 Modified): 0.
9.
Total VOC Content: =0.22 mg/m3.
T.
Expansion and Control Joint Sealant to be a one component, neutral cure, exterior grade silicone sealant and meet the following requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE LATASIL and LATICRETE LATASIL 9118 Primer.
2.
Tensile Strength (ASTM C794): 280 psi (1.9 MPa).
3.
Hardness (ASTM D751; Shore A): 25 (colored sealant) /15 (clear sealant).
4.
Weather Resistance (QUV Weather-ometer): 10,000 hours (no change).
U.
Roof Decks (and other exterior paving applications over occupied/storage spaces) shall consist of a Primary Roofing/Waterproofing Membrane, as specified in Section 0700 (q.v.), and a lightweight, frost/weather resistant installation system for tile, pavers, brick and Ceramic tile that provides integral subsurface drainage and meets the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE Plaza and Deck System.
2.
Compressive Strength (ASTM C109 Modified): 3,000 psi (20.7 MPa).
3.
Hydraulic Transmissivity (ASTM D4716): 1.6 gal/minute (6.1 L/minute).
4.
Service Rating (ASTM C627): Extra Heavy.
V.
Spot Bonding Epoxy Adhesive for installing tile, brick, masonry veneer, and Ceramic tile over vertical and overhead surfaces shall be high strength, high temperature resistant, non-sag and shall meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATAPOXY 310 Stone Adhesive / LATAPOXY 310 Rapid Stone Adhesive.
2.
Thermal Shock Resistance (ANSI A118.3): >1,000 psi (6.9 MPa).
3.
Water Absorption (ANSI A118.3): 0.1 %.
4.
Compressive Strength (ANSI A118.3): >8,300 psi (57.2 MPa).
5.
Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.3 Modified): >730 psi (5 MPa).
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Edit section based on project specific installation methods and requirements
 
2.6
INSTALLATION MATERIALS - EXTERIOR ADHERED VENEER
A.
Waterproofing / Crack Suppression / Air & Water Barrier Membrane to be thin, cold applied, single component liquid and load bearing. Reinforcing fabric to be non-woven rot-proof specifically intended for waterproofing membrane. Waterproofing Membrane to be non-toxic, non-flammable, and non-hazardous during storage, mixing, application and when cured and meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE MVIS(tm) Air & Water Barrier.
2.
7 day Tensile Strength (ANSI A118.10): >265 psi (1.8 MPa).
3.
7 day Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.10) >200 psi (1.4 MPa).
4.
28 Day Shear Bond Strength (ANSI A118.4): >214 psi (1.48 - 2.4 MPa).
5.
Total VOC Content: < 0.05 mg/m3.
B.
Latex Portland Cement Mortar for thick beds, and scratch/plaster coats to be weather, frost, shock resistant and meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE MVIS Premium Mortar Bed.
2.
Compressive Strength (ANSI A118.7 Modified): >4000 psi (27.6 MPa).
3.
Total VOC Content: < 0.05 mg/m3.
C.
Latex Portland Cement Thin Bed Mortar for thin set to be weather, frost, shock resistant, non-flammable and meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE MVIS Hi-Bond Veneer Mortar.
2.
Compressive strength (ASTM C270): =2900 psi (20 MPa).
3.
Shear bond strength (ANSI A118.4 5.2.4): =300 psi (2.1 MPa).
4.
Sag on Wall (EN 1308): 0.0mm.
5.
Total VOC Content: < 0.05 mg/m3.
D.
Latex Portland Cement Pointing Mortar to be weather, frost and shock resistant, as well as meet the following physical requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE MVIS Premium Pointing Mortar.
2.
Compressive Strength (ASTM C91): =4100 psi (28.3 MPa).
3.
Total VOC Content: < 0.05 mg/m3.
E.
Expansion and Control Joint Sealant to be a one component, neutral cure, exterior grade silicone sealant and meet the following requirements:
1.
Basis of Design: LATICRETE MVIS Silicone Sealant.
2.
Tensile Strength (ASTM C794): 280 psi (1.9 MPa).
3.
Hardness (ASTM D751; Shore A): 25 (colored sealant) /15 (clear sealant).
4.
Weather Resistance (QUV Weather meter): 10000 hours (no change).
PART 3 EXECUTION
 
3.1
SUBSTRATE EXAMINATION
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** If the architect/designer require a more stringent finish tolerance (e.g. 1/8 inch in 10 feet (3mm in 3m)), the subsurface specification shall reflect that tolerance, or the tile specification shall include a specific and separate requirement to bring the subsurface tolerance into compliance with the desired tolerance. Wall flashings and weeps for exterior adhered veneers are to be designed by the Project Architect / Engineer
 
A.
Verify that surfaces to be covered with ceramic tile, mosaics, pavers, brick, masonry veneer, stone, trim or waterproofing are:
1.
Sound, rigid and conform to good design/engineering practices;
2.
Systems, including the framing system and panels, over which ceramic tile will be installed shall be in conformance with the International Residential Code (IRC) for residential applications, the International Building Code (IBC) for commercial applications, or applicable building codes.
3.
Clean and free of dust, dirt, oil, grease, sealers, curing compounds, laitance, efflorescence, form oil, loose plaster, paint, and scale;
4.
For thin-bed Ceramic tile installations when a cementitious bonding material will be used, including medium bed mortar: maximum allowable variation in the tile substrate - for tiles with edges shorter than 15 inches (375mm), maximum allowable variation is 1/4 inch in 10 feet (6mm in 3m) from the required plane, with no more than 1/16 inch variation in 12 inches (1.5mm variation in 300mm) when measured from the high points in the surface. For tiles with at least one edge 15 inches (375mm) in length, maximum allowable variation is 1/8 inch in 10 feet (3mm in 3m) from the required plane, with no more than 1/16 inch variation in 24 inches (1.5mm variation in 600mm) when measured from the high points in the surface. For modular substrate units, such as exterior glue plywood panels or adjacent concrete masonry units, adjacent edges cannot exceed 1/32 inch (0.8mm) difference in height. For thick bed (mortar bed) Ceramic tile and stone installations, and self-leveling methods; maximum allowable variation in the installation substrate to be (1/4 inch in 10 feet (6mm in 3m).
5.
To fully evacuate water, shower pan membranes and bonded waterproofing membranes in wet areas shall slope to and connect with a drain. Plumbing code typically requires membranes to be sloped a minimum of 1/4 inch per ft. (6mm per 300mm) and extend at least 3 inches (75mm) above the height of the curb or threshold. Account for the perimeter floor height required to form adequate slopes. Membranes shall be installed over the other horizontal surfaces in wet areas subject to deterioration, like shower seats. They shall be sloped and configured so as to direct water to the membrane connected to the drain. The weep holes of clamping ring drains enable water to pass from the membrane into the plumbing system. Crushed Ceramic tile or stone, or other positive weep protectors, placed around/over weep holes help prevent their blockage. To form a watertight seal, membranes shall have adequate contact with the clamping ring of the drain or with the bonding area of an integrated bonding flange.
6.
Do not level with gypsum or asphalt based compounds.
7.
For substrates scheduled to receive a waterproofing and/or crack isolation membrane, maximum amount of moisture in the concrete/mortar bed substrate shall not exceed 5 lbs./1,000 ft2 / 24 hours (283 µg/sm2) per ASTM F1869 or 75% relative humidity as measured with moisture probes per ASTM F2170. Consult with finish materials manufacturer to determine the maximum allowable moisture content for substrates under their finished material. Please refer to LATICRETE TDS 183 "Drying of Concrete" and TDS 166 "LATICRETE and Moisture Vapor Emission Rate, Relative Humidity and Moisture Testing of Concrete", available at www.laticrete.com, for more information.
8.
Dry as per American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) D4263 "Standard Test for Determining Moisture in Concrete by the Plastic Sheet Method."
B.
Concrete surfaces shall also be:
 
NOTE TO SPECIFIER: LATICRETE(R) 254 Platinum does not require a minimum cure time for concrete substrates or mortar beds;
 
1.
Cured a minimum of 28 days at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C), including an initial seven day period of wet curing.
2.
Wood float finished, or better, if the installation is to be done by the thin bed method;
C.
Advise General Contractor and Architect of any surface or substrate conditions requiring correction before tile work commences. Beginning of work constitutes acceptance of substrate or surface conditions.
 
NOTE TO SPECIFIER: edit substrate and preparation section based on project specific surfaces and conditions.
 
3.2
SURFACE PREPARATION - CEMENTITIOUS BACKER UNIT OVER STEEL FRAMED WALLS
A.
CEMENTITIOUS BACKER UNIT (CBU) OVER STEEL FRAMING
1.
Prior to commencing work, installer shall submit to Architect/Structural Engineer for approval, shop drawings showing wall/facade construction and attachment details. All attachments shall be designed to prevent transfer of building or structural movement to the wall/facade.
2.
Lay out the CBU installation so all board edges are supported by metal framing (studs vertically and purlins horizontally). Cut/fit CBU and add additional framing elements as required to support board edges. Stagger boards in courses to prevent continuous vertical joints and allow 1/8 inch -3/16 inch (3-5mm) between sheets.
3.
Fasten the CBU with 7/8 inch (22mm) minimum length, non-rusting, self-imbedding screws for metal studs (BUILDEXSYMBOL 226 "Symbol" 10 Catalog item 10-24 17/16 Wafer T3Z or equivalent). Fasten the boards every 6 inches (150mm) at the edges and every 8 inches (200mm) in the field. Stagger placement of screws at seams. Place screws no less than 3/8 inch (9mm), and no more than 1 inch (25mm), from board edges.
4.
Tape all the board joints with the alkali resistant 2 inches (50mm) wide reinforcing mesh provided by the CBU manufacturer imbedded in the same mortar used to install the ceramic tile, mosaic, pavers, brick or stone.
3.3
SURFACE PREPARATION - EXTERIOR RATED SHEATHING OVER STEEL FRAMED WALLS
A.
SHEATHING (e.g. EXTERIOR OSB , EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD, & OTHER EXTERIOR RATED SHEATHING) OVER FRAMING
1.
Prior to commencing work, installer shall submit to Architect/Structural Engineer for approval, shop drawings showing wall/facade construction and attachment details. All attachments shall be designed to prevent transfer of building or structural movement to the wall/facade.
2.
Provide adequate support of framing elements during erection to prevent racking, twisting or bowing. Lay out the exterior rated sheathing installation so all board edges are supported by metal framing (studs vertically and purlins horizontally). Cut/fit the exterior rated sheathing and add additional framing elements as required to support board edges. Stagger boards in courses to prevent continuous vertical joints and allow 1/8 inch to 3/16 inch (3 to 5mm) between sheets.
3.
Fasten the exterior rated sheathing with 7/8 inch (22mm) minimum length, non-rusting, self-imbedding screws for metal studs (BUILDEX Catalog item 10-24 17/16 Wafer T3Z or equivalent). Fasten the boards every 6 inches (150mm) at the edges and every 8 inches (200mm) in the field. Stagger placement of screws at seams. Place screws no less than 3/8 inch (9mm), and no more than 1 inch (25mm), from board edges.
4.
Follow board manufacturer's installation instructions.
5.
Compliance with design criteria and state and local building codes shall approved and certified by a qualified structural engineer. Use more stringent design criteria when necessary to comply with state and local building code stiffness requirements for thin veneers.
 
NOTE TO SPECIFIER: The following ' Installation Accessories' are separated into two (2) categories; ' Ceramic Tile' accessories and ' Exterior Adhered Veneer' accessories. Edit as applicable - delete all that do not apply.
 
3.4
INSTALLATION ACCESSORIES - CERAMIC TILE
A.
Waterproofing and Crack Isolation Membrane (Liquid-Applied):
 
NOTES TO SPECIFIER: Adhesives/mastics, mortars and grouts for ceramic tile, mosaics, pavers, brick and stone are not replacements for waterproofing membranes and will not prevent water penetration into occupied or storage spaces below. Ceramic tile, mosaics, pavers, brick and stone installed by the thin bed method can be damaged by shrinkage related substrate cracking. Specify crack isolation membrane to reduce crack propagation into veneers or hard finishes. Do not use crack isolation membranes if substrate cracking: is due to structural movement; involves vertical and/or differential movement; involves horizontal movement >1/8 inch (3mm).
 
1.
Install waterproofing and crack isolation membrane in compliance with current revisions of ANSI A108.1 (2.7 Waterproofing), ANSI A108.13, and ANSI A108.17. Review the installation and plan the application sequence. Pre-cut LATICRETE Waterproofing/Anti-Fracture Fabric (if required), allowing 2 inches (50mm) for overlap at ends and sides to fit the areas as required. Roll up the pieces for easy handling and placement. Shake or stir LATICRETE HYDRO BAN(R) before using.
2.
Pre-Treat Cracks and Joints - Fill all substrate cracks, cold joints and control joints to a smooth finish using a LATICRETE latex-fortified thin-set. Alternatively, a liberal coat* of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN(R) applied with a paint brush or trowel shall be used to fill in non-structural joints and cracks. Apply a liberal coat* of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN approximately 8 inches (200mm) wide over substrate cracks, cold joints, and control joints using a paint brush or heavy napped paint roller.
3.
Pre-Treat Coves and Floor/Wall Intersections - Fill all substrate coves and floor/wall transitions to a smooth finish and changes in plane using a LATICRETE latex-fortified thin-set. Alternatively, a liberal coat* of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN applied with a paint brush or trowel shall be used to fill in cove joints and floor/wall transitions <1/8 inch (3mm) in width. Apply a liberal coat* of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN approximately 8 inches (200mm) wide over substrate cracks, cold joints, and control joints using a paint brush or heavy napped paint roller.
4.
Pre-Treat Drains - Drains shall be of the clamping ring type, with weepers as per ASME A112.6.3. Apply a liberal coat* of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN around and over the bottom half of drain clamping ring. Cover with a second liberal coat of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN. When the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN dries, apply a bead of LATICRETE LATASIL where the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN meets the drain throat. Install the top half of drain clamping ring.
5.
Pre-Treat Penetrations - Allow for a minimum 1/8 inch (3mm) space between drains, pipes, lights, or other penetrations and surrounding Ceramic tile, stone or brick. Pack any gaps around pipes, lights or other penetrations with a LATICRETE latex-fortified thin-set. Apply a liberal coat* of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN around penetration opening. Cover the first coat with a second liberal coat* of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN. Bring LATICRETE HYDRO BAN up to level of tile or stone. When LATICRETE HYDRO BAN has dried to the touch seal with LATICRETE LATASIL.
6.
Main Application - Allow any pre-treated areas to dry to the touch. Apply a liberal coat* of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN with a paint brush or heavy napped roller over substrate including pre-treated areas and allow to dry to the touch. Install another liberal coat* of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN over the first coat. Let the top coat of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN dry to the touch approximately 1 - 2 hours at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) and 50% RH. When the top coat has dried to the touch inspect the surface for pinholes, voids, thin spots or other defects. LATICRETE HYDRO BAN will dry to an olive green color when fully cured. Use additional LATICRETE HYDRO BAN to seal any defects.
7.
Movement Joints - Apply a liberal coat* of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN, approximately 8 inches (200mm) wide over the areas. Then embed and loop the 6 inches (150mm) wide LATICRETE Waterproofing/Anti-Fracture Fabric and allow the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN liquid to bleed through. Immediately apply a second coat of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN.
8.
* Dry coat thickness is 20 - 30 mil (0.02 - 0.03 inch or 0.5 - 0.8mm); consumption per coat is approximately 0.01 gal/ft2 (approx. 0.4 L/m2); coverage is approximately 100 ft2 /gal (approx. 2.5 m2/ L). LATICRETE Waterproofing/Anti-Fracture Fabric shall be used to pre-treat cracks, joints, curves, corners, drains, and penetrations with LATICRETE HYDRO BAN(R).
9.
Protection - Provide protection for newly installed membrane, even if covered with a thin-bed ceramic tile, stone or brick installation against exposure to rain or other water for a minimum of 2 hours at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) and 50% RH. For temperatures between 45 degrees F and 69 degrees F (7 degrees C to 21 degrees C) allow a minimum 24 hour cure period.
10.
Flood Testing - Allow membrane to cure fully before flood testing, typically a minimum 2 hours at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) and 50% RH. Cold conditions will require a longer curing time. For temperatures between 50 degrees F and 69 degrees F (10 degrees C to 21 degrees C) allow a minimum 24 hour cure period prior to flood testing.
11.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE HYDRO BAN
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Detail Drawings: WP300, WP301, WP302, WP303; LATICRETE Data Sheets: 663.0, 663.5; LATICRETE MSDS: Hydro Ban, Fabric; GREENGUARD Certificate: Hydro Ban; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 188, 189, 203.
 
B.
Waterproofing and Crack Isolation Membrane (Sheet Membrane):
 
NOTES TO SPECIFIER: Adhesives/mastics, mortars and grouts for ceramic tile, mosaics, pavers, brick and stone are not replacements for waterproofing membranes and will not prevent water penetration into occupied or storage spaces below. Obtain approval by local building code authority before specifying LATICRETE(R) HYDRO BAN(R) Sheet Membrane in shower pan applications. Ceramic tile, mosaics, pavers, brick and stone installed by the thin bed method shall be damaged by shrinkage related substrate cracking. Specify crack isolation membrane to reduce crack propagation into veneers or hard finishes. Do not use crack isolation membranes if substrate cracking: is due to structural movement; involves vertical and/or differential movement; involves horizontal movement >1/8 inch (3mm).
 
1.
Measure and cut all of the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane sections and Sealing Tape strips to the proper size before mixing the substrate appropriate LATICRETE thin-set.
2.
Mix the LATICRETE thin-set to a fairly wet consistency but still able to hold a notch. Dampen excessively dry porous surfaces in order to prevent premature drying and skinning of the thin-set. If skinning does occur remove thin-set and reapply using fresh mortar.
3.
Pre-Treating (Corners and Coves): To create the watertight system, the installation process will rely on the layering of components; start with the corners: Apply thin-set mortar with a 1/4 inch x 3/16 inch (6 mm x 5 mm) V-notched trowel. Press the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN pre-formed corner firmly into the thin-set. Remove any trapped air and guarantee full adhesion to the material by spreading the thin-set from the inside of the corner out using a trowel or straightedge with rounded corners. Continue with thin-set along the floor-to-wall transition from the corner outward for the first strip of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape. Overlap the corners by 2 inches (50 mm). Lay the tape and remove all air pockets and excess material as with the corner piece. For any sections where two strips of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape will be joined, be certain to overlap the material by 2 inches (50 mm). Continue with these steps around the perimeter of the installation. Treat the vertical corners with the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape next in the same manner as the floor-to-wall transitions were installed. Overlap the corners by 2 inches (50 mm).
4.
Pre-Treating (Penetrations): Treat pipe penetrations and mixing valves by applying thin-set mortar with a 1/4 inch x 3/16 inch (6 mm x 5 mm) V-notched trowel. Slide the appropriate collar over the pipe or mixing valve and press firmly into the thin-set. The urethane rubber will seal around the pipe or mixing valve. Remove any trapped air and guarantee full adhesion to the material by spreading the thin-set from the inside out using a trowel or straightedge with rounded corners.
5.
Main Application: Important, there shall not be excessive overlapping. For example, at the corner, the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN(R) Sealing Tape shall overlap the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Preformed Corner but not the adjacent HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape. Continue the same method to install the first LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane section on the wall. Start in the completed corner and work your way out from the corner to the edge of the installation. Apply the thin-set to the surface of the wall with the 1/4 inch x 3/16 inch (6 mm x 5 mm) V-notched trowel. If the surface is uneven, use a square-notched trowel with a wider tooth up to 3/8 inch (9 mm). Be sure to comb all of the thin-set in the same direction. Install the first length of sheet membrane. It shall be easiest to unroll it up the wall or in the direction that you combed the thin-set. Remember to overlap the membrane by a minimum of 2 inches (5 cm). Be certain to leave at least 1/4 inch (6mm) of space from the floor. Smooth the section of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane with a flat trowel or roller from the middle towards the outside edges to assure that no air is trapped underneath. Follow the direction that the thin-set was combed onto the substrate. Use short, firm strokes to press out all of the excess thin-set and trapped air. Carefully remove or spread the excess thin-set over the seams. Apply the thin-set for the next length of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane section. Roll the next length upwards; smoothing it as it is pressed into the thin-set. If a bulge or crease appears during the unrolling, it is OK. Simply peel the section carefully away from the wall and reapply it so that it is flat. The sections are to be well-pressed; the use of a roller is recommended but this shall also be accomplished with a flat trowel. Squeeze out any extra thin-set at the seams; remove the excess or spread it uniformly down the seam. The remaining lengths shall now be installed in this same manner. Best practice; sections of LATICRETE(R) HYDRO BAN(R) Sheet Membrane shall be butt- jointed and the seam between the HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane sections shall be covered with LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape installed with the appropriate thin-set. Make sure that the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape overlaps each LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane section by a minimum of 2 inches (5 cm). The floor shall be the last section installed. NOTE: Sections of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane shall also be shingled (overlapped) during installation without the need for LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape. The top section shall overlap a minimum of 2 inches (5cm) onto the bottom section of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane. If the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane is damaged after installation apply a patch of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane installed with the appropriate thin-set. The patch shall overlap the damaged area by a minimum of 2 inches (5 cm). Tiling shall begin immediately after installation when a flood test is not required.
6.
Clamping Ring Drains: When installing LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane with a clamping ring type drains with weepers as per ASME A112.6.3, lay the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane over the top of the drain and cut an x where each bolt will penetrate the membrane. Cut a hole in the membrane to allow the drain grate to be threaded into the clamping ring. (Use of a fabric circle cutter is recommended). Install the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane, making sure to align the previously cut holes for the bolts and drain throat. Ensure that the weep holes are not blocked. Apply bead of LATICRETE LATASIL to the clamping body just outside of the bolts, place clamping ring into position and tighten bolts. Check to make sure that weep holes are not plugged by any material.
7.
HYDRO BAN Bonding Flange Drains: Follow the instructions in DS 035.0 for the installation of the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Bonding Flange Drain in either a bonded or unbonded mortar bed. When the mortar is cured enough to walk on, prime the top of the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Bonding Flange Drain, to the first 90 degree radius, and the adjusting ring with one coat of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN. Once the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN is dried to the touch the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane shall be installed over it using a LATICRETE polymer fortified thin-set. Insure that the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane extends to the first 90 degree radius of the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Bonding Flange Drain. Apply thin-set mortar with a 1/4 inch x 3/16 inch (6mm x 5mm) V-notched trowel. Press the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane firmly into the adhesive. Remove any trapped air and guarantee full adhesion to the material by spreading the adhesive from the inside out using a trowel or straightedge with rounded corners. The adjusting ring is installed with a polymer fortified thin-set when installing the title in order to line up the grate with the tile.
8.
HYDRO BAN Linear Drains: Follow the instructions in DS 034.0 for the installation of the HYDRO BAN Linear Drain in either a bonded or unbonded mortar bed. When the mortar is cured enough to walk on, prime the top of the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Linear Drain flange, to the first 90 degree radius. Once the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN(R) is dried to the touch the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane shall be installed over it using a LATICRETE polymer fortified thin-set. Apply thin-set mortar with a 1/4 inch x 3/16 inch (6 mm x 5 mm) V-notched trowel. Press the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sheet Membrane firmly into the adhesive. Remove any trapped air and guarantee full adhesion to the material by spreading the adhesive from the inside out using a trowel or straightedge with rounded corners.
9.
Flood Testing: Allow adhesive to cure fully before flood testing, a minimum of 24 hours after final cure at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) and 50% RH. Cold and/or wet conditions will require a longer curing time.
10.
Control Joints: Ceramic tile, stone and brick installations shall include sealant filled joints between the ceramic tile, stone or brick which is over any control joints in the substrate. However, the sealant filled joints shall be offset horizontally by as much as one tile width from the substrate control joint location to coincide with the grout joint pattern.
11.
Movement Joints: Ceramic tile, stone and thin brick installations shall include expansion joints at coves, corners, other changes in substrate plane and over any expansion joints in the substrate. Expansion joints in ceramic tile, stone or brickwork are also required at perimeters, at restraining surfaces, at penetrations and at the intervals described in the Tile Council of North America, Inc. (TCNA) Handbook Installation Method EJ171. Use LATICRETE LATASIL and backer rod.
12.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE HYDRO BAN(R) Sheet Membrane
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Detail Drawings: B300S, B411S, B412S Pan, B412S Tub, B413S, B414S, B415S, B415LDS-Bonded Wall, B415LDS EGP-Bonded Wall, B415LDS EGP CBB-Bonded Wall, B415LDS EGP Unbonded Medial, B415LDS Unbonded Medial, B419S, B420S, B421S, B425S, B426S, B430S, B431S, B440S, B441S, SR613S, SR614S. LATICRETE Data Sheets: 041.0.
 
C.
LATICRETE HYDRO BAN BOARD: WALLS:
1.
Fastening (Wood Studs) - Nominal Dimensions - 2 inch x 4 inch (5 x 10 centimeters) minimum with maximum span of 16 inches on-center. Use a minimum of 1/2 inch (12 millimeter) LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board, for 19.2 inch on-center stud spacing use a minimum of 5/8 inch (16millimeter) board. Fasten boards directly to studs using either LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board 1 1/4 inch (32 millimeter) tab washer and the appropriate length LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board screw for the thickness of the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board. Fasteners shall be spaced 8 inches on-center. (20 centimeters). All fastener heads to be countersunk flush with surface of the board. Where two boards meet, the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board tab washer and LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board screw are to span the interface.
2.
Fastening (Steel Studs) - Minimum thickness - 25 gauge with maximum span of 16 inches on-center (41 centimeters). Use a minimum of 1/2 inches (12 millimeters) LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board, for 19.2 inch on-center stud spacing use a minimum of 5/8 inch (16 millimeter) board. Fasten boards directly to studs using the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board 1-1/4 inch tab washer and 1 5/8 inch LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board screw. Fasteners shall be spaced 8 inches on-center (20 centimeters). All washers are to be countersunk flush with surface of the board. Where two boards meet, the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board tab washer and LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board screw are to span the interface.
3.
Installation (Option 1): The following steps shall be followed to maintain the waterproof integrity of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board. Beginning at the bottom of the wall, install LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board to the wall studs by using the appropriate fastener and spacing outlined in the fastening section above. For tub walls and installations with LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Pre-Sloped Shower Pans first apply a bead of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Adhesive & Sealant along the top edge of the tub or in the rabbet joint for the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Pre-Sloped Shower Pans and then install the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board. For a waterproof system using LATICRETE HYDRO BAN embed 2 inch (50 millimeter) fiberglass mesh with LATICRETE HYDRO BAN liquid waterproofing membrane in all panel joints. All fasteners shall be completely covered with LATICRETE HYDRO BAN(R) liquid waterproofing membrane to form a seal. Allow 1st coat to dry and apply 2nd coat over all joints, corners and fasteners.
4.
Installation (Option 2): Fasten boards in same manner as outlined in OPTION 1. For tub walls and installations with LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Pre-Sloped Shower Pans first apply a bead of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Adhesive & Sealant along the top edge of the tub or in the rabbet joint for the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Pre-Sloped Shower Pans and then install the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board. To create a watertight system using LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape, Inside or Outside Corners and Collars start with the corners. Apply a suitable LATICRETE polymer fortified thin-set mortar with a 1/4 inch x 3/16 inch (6 millimeter x 5 millimeter) V-notched trowel. Press the pre-formed corner firmly into the adhesive. Remove trapped air and guarantee full adhesion to the material by spreading the adhesive from the inside out using a trowel or straightedge with rounded corners. Continue with thin-set along the floor-to-wall transition from the corner outward for the first strip of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape. Overlap the corners by a minimum of 2 inches (50 millimeters). Lay the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape and remove all air pockets and excess material as with the corner piece. For any sections where two strips of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape will be joined, be certain to overlap the material by 2 inches (50 millimeters). Continue with these steps around the perimeter of the installation. Treat the vertical corners for the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape next in the same manner as the floor-to-wall transitions were installed. Overlap the corners by a minimum of 2 inches (50 millimeters). Treat pipe penetrations and mixing valves by applying thin-set mortar with a 1/4 inch x 3/16 inch (6 millimeter x 5 millimeter) V-notched trowel. Slide the appropriate LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Collar over the pipe or mixing valve and press firmly into the adhesive. The urethane rubber will seal around the pipe or mixing valve. Remove any trapped air and guarantee full adhesion to the material by spreading the adhesive from the inside out using a trowel or straightedge with rounded corners. Fastener penetrations shall be covered with LATICRETE(R) HYDRO BAN(R) Sealing Tape using a LATICRETE polymer fortified thin-set. Important, there shall not be excessive overlapping. For example, at the corner, the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape that leaves the corner and protects the floor-to-wall transitions shall overlap with the pre-formed corner piece, but not the pre-formed corner piece and the adjacent LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape.
D.
LATICRETE HYDRO BAN BOARD: CEILINGS:
1.
Framing members not exceed 16 inches on-center (41 centimeters). Use a minimum of 1/2 inch (12millimeter) thick LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board. Ensure that edges of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board are continuously supported. Fasten boards as outlined in FASTENING section for WALL applications.
2.
GENERAL (Floors): Surfaces shall be structurally sound, stable and rigid enough to support ceramic/stone tile and similar finishes. Substrate deflection under all live, dead and impact loads, including concentrated loads, shall not exceed L/360 for thin bed ceramic tile installations or L/480 for thin bed stone installations. The tile size shall be at least 8 inches x 8 inches (200 millimeters x 200 millimeters). Architect, builder or design professional shall specify location of control joints. Also see TCNA Handbook, Installation Method EJ171-Movement Joint Design Essentials, for industry guidelines.
3.
Fastening (Wood Floor): Framing: Maximum 16 inches (41 centimeters) on-center joist spacing.
4.
Subfloor: Minimum thickness 5/8 inch (16 millimeter) exterior grade plywood or OSB fastened and glued firmly to joists as per TCNA Handbook, Installation Method F175-13-Cementitious Coated Foam Backer Board. Fasten boards directly to subfloor using the HYDRO BAN Board 1-1/4 inches (32 millimeter) tab washer and 1-5/8 inch (41 millimeter) LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board screw. Fasteners shall be spaced a maximum of 8 inches (203 millimeter) on-center. All fastener heads shall be countersunk flush with surface of the board. Where two boards meet the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board tab washer and LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board screw are to span the interface.
5.
Installation: Apply a setting bed of LATICRETE polymer fortified mortar over subfloor with a 1/4 inch (6 millimeter) square notched trowel combing mortar into a ribbed bed. All boards to be laid with staggered joints. Fasten boards as outlined in the FASTENING section above. Fill all joints with a LATICRETE polymer fortified mortar and embed 2 inch (50 millimeter) fiberglass mesh cement board tape in dry areas.
6.
Note: LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board is completely waterproof. If the area below the backer board shall be kept dry, all fastener penetrations and joints shall be sealed with LATICRETE HYDO BAN liquid waterproof membrane.
E.
LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board: CONCRETE FLOOR:
1.
Installation: Concrete shall be fully cured and clean. Apply a setting bed of LATICRETE polymer fortified mortar over concrete floor with a 1/4 inch (6 millimeter) square notched trowel combing mortar into a ribbed bed. Depressions to be filled with mortar. Make certain there are no voids beneath panel and that it is supported solidly. All boards to be laid with staggered joints. Allow mortar to harden before taping joints. Fill all joints with a LATICRETE polymer fortified mortar and embed 2 inches (50 millimeter) fiberglass mesh cement board tape in dry areas. Note: LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board is completely waterproof. If the area below the backer board shall be kept dry, all fastener penetrations and joints shall be sealed with LATICRETE HYDO BAN liquid waterproof membrane or LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape and a LATICRETE polymer fortified thin-set.
F.
LATICRETE HYDRO BAN BOARD: COUNTERTOPS:
1.
Fastening - Apply a continuous bead of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Adhesive & Sealant to the tops of the vertical counter top supports. Adhere the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board to top of the counter. Press in place removing any excess LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Adhesive & Sealant.
2.
Installation - The following steps shall be followed to maintain the waterproof integrity of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board. Cut the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board to fit the counter top. Leave the front end of the counter recessed in order to apply a 1/4 inch (6 millimeter) thick strip of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board to the front edge using the LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Adhesive & Sealant. Fasten to the counter as described above. Before installing adjacent boards, apply a bead of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Adhesive & Sealant to the edges of the first board. Install next board as outlined above. All boards shall be fitted tightly together allowing sealant to ooze from joint. All excess sealant to be spread thin ensuring a continuous seal at the joint. Fastener penetrations shall be covered with LATICRETE HYDRO BAN(R) Sealing Tape and a LATICRETE polymer fortified thin-set. Wrap the front edge with HYDRO BAN Sealing Tape using a LATICRETE polymer fortified thin-set. Using a reciprocating saw cut out the hole for the sink. Apply LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Adhesive & Sealant around the cut out and insert the sink. When dry the counter shall be fully tiled.
G.
LATICRETE HYDRO BAN BOARD: CURBS, SEATS AND BENCHES:
1.
Installation - Measure, cut and dry fit all pieces from 2 inch (50 millimeter) LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board before installing. All seat or bench perimeters shall be supported by 2 inch (50 millimeter) LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board installed vertically. Use 254 Platinum when assembling the CURBS, seats and benches. Spacing between vertical supports shall not exceed 16 inches (40 centimeter). When installing corner seats the appropriate board edges to be mitered for a tighter fit. Bench and seat supports shall be cut on an angle to create a slope for the seat top. All boards shall be fitted tightly together allowing the 254 Platinum to ooze from joint. All excess adhesive to be spread thin ensuring a continuous seal at the joint. Exposed edges shall be wrapped with alkaline resistant tape and 254 Platinum thin-set. When the thin-set is dry, waterproof using LATICRETE HYDRO BAN, allowing the first coat to dry completely before the second coat is added. All coves and corners shall be treated with alkaline resistant tape and a 254 Platinum thin-set. When the thin-set is dry waterproof using LATICRETE HYDRO BAN allowing the first coat to dry completely before the second coat is applied.
2.
TUB SURROUNDS AND PLATFORMS:
3.
Installation - When installing LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board to tub surrounds and platforms choose the appropriate thickness required for the application. LATICRETE HYDRO BAN Board shall be attached to the frame, which is load bearing and fully supported, and be installed over the lip of the tub. Follow fastening and installation instructions above for Walls.
4.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE HYDRO BAN BOARD
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 040.0; LATICRETE MSDS: HYDRO BAN Board.
 
3.5
INSTALLATION ACCESSORIES - EXTERIOR ADHERED VENEERS
A.
Weather Resistant Barrier (WRB) or equivalent - 2 layers or as detailed and specified by project architect
1.
Install as per WRB manufacturer's written installation instructions
B.
Air and Water Barrier (exterior adhered veneers):
 
NOTE TO SPECIFIER: Specify LATICRETE MVIS(TM) Air & Water Barrier, in lieu of LATICRETE HYDRO BAN, for all exterior tiled facades. Adhesives, mortars and pointing mortars for thin brick, mosaics, pavers, masonry veneer, and stone are not replacements for waterproofing membranes or air and water barriers and will not prevent penetration by windblown rain and other moisture through facades/walls.
 
1.
Install the vapor permeable air and water barrier in compliance with current revisions of manufacturer's written installation instructions. Review the installation and plan the application sequence. Pre-cut LATICRETE Waterproofing/Anti-Fracture Fabric (if required), allowing 2 inches (50mm) for overlap at ends and sides to fit the areas as required. Roll up the pieces for easy handling and placement. Shake or stir LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier before using.
2.
Pre-Treat Cracks and Joints - Install sheathing panels and treat joints in accord with the respective sheathing panel manufacturer's installation instructions, including installation of board joint treatment. Pack any gaps around pipes, lights or other penetrations with LATAPOXY Waterproof Flashing Mortar and allow to harden. Treat substrate joints and seams up to 1/8 inch (3 mm) by applying a liberal coat of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier approximately 8 inches (200 mm) wide over seam using a paint roller (heavy napped), brush or trowel. While LATICRETE(R) MVIS(TM) Air & Water Barrier is still wet embed 6 inches (150 mm) wide LATICRETE Waterproofing/Anti-Fracture Fabric pressing the fabric in firmly so that the LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier liquid bleeds through the fabric, then immediately apply another liberal coat of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier liquid over the fabric using a paint roller, brush or trowel. For substrate joints and seams greater than 1/8 inch (3 mm); fill seams to a smooth finish with a LATICRETE Polymer Fortified Veneer Mortar. Allow mortar to set 24 hours, then treat seams by applying a liberal coat of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier approximately 8 inches (200 mm) wide over seam. While LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier is still wet embed 6 inches (150mm) wide LATICRETE Waterproofing/Anti-Fracture Fabric pressing the fabric in firmly so that the LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier liquid bleeds through the fabric, then immediately apply another liberal coat of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier liquid over the fabric. LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier will dry to a uniform olive green color when it's dry to touch.
3.
Pre-Treat Coves and Floor/Wall Intersections - Fill all substrate coves and floor/wall transitions to a smooth finish and changes in plane using a LATICRETE latex-fortified thin-set. Alternatively, a liberal coat of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier applied with a paint brush or trowel shall be used to fill in cove joints and floor/wall transitions <1/8 inch (3mm) in width. Apply a liberal coat* of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier approximately 8 inches (200mm) wide over substrate cracks, cold joints, and control joints using a paint brush or heavy napped paint roller.
4.
Movement Joint Loop (Slip Joint) Treatment - Apply a liberal coat of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier, approximately 8 inches (200 mm) wide over the areas. Then immediately embed and loop the 6 inches (152 mm) wide LATICRETE Waterproofing/Anti-Fracture Fabric into the substrate movement joint and allow to bleed through. Then top coat with a second liberal coat of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier liquid fully encapsulating the LATICRETE Waterproofing/Anti-Fracture Fabric. Repeat process to ensure that all movement joints receive two (2) layers of LATICRETE Waterproofing/Anti-Fracture Fabric.
5.
Main Application - Allow any pre-treated areas to dry to the touch. Apply a liberal coat of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier using a paint roller (heavy napped) or paint brush over substrate including pre-treated areas and allow to dry to the touch approximately 1- 2 hours at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) and 50% RH. Apply a second liberal coat of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier over the first coat of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier. Let topcoat dry to the touch, approximately 1- 2 hours at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) and 50% RH. When last coat has dried to the touch, inspect final surface for pinholes, voids, thin spots or other defects and re-apply as necessary. LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier will dry to a uniform olive green color when it's dry to touch. Use additional LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier to seal pinholes, voids, thin spots or other defects and re-apply as necessary. Bring main application of LATICRETE Air and Water Barrier up to all penetrations through the membrane.
 
NOTE: Proper integration involves transitioning between different materials. LATAPOXY(R) Waterproof Flashing Mortar shall be required between some connections, protrusions, details, joints and transitions. Where transitioning between different materials terminate the LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier at the edge of the transition, allow main application to dry, then apply LATAPOXY Waterproof Flashing Mortar with a trowel overlapping both sides of the transition by at least 2 inches to 4 inches [50mm to 100mm] (see Illustration 1,2,4 & 7).
 
6.
Dry coat thickness is 20 - 30 mil (0.02 - 0.03 inch or 0.5 - 0.8mm); consumption per coat is approximately 0.01 gal/ft2 (approx. 0.4 L/m2); coverage is approximately 100 ft2 /gal (approx. 2.5 m2/ L). LATICRETE Waterproofing/Anti-Fracture Fabric shall be used to pre-treat cracks, joints, curves, corners, drains, and penetrations with LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier.
7.
Spray Application of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier - Follow all installation and surface preparation requirements outlined in this document and TDS 410M "Spraying LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier". The sprayer being used for the application of LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier shall be capable of producing a maximum of 3300 psi (22.8 MPa) with a flow rate of 0.95 to 1.6 GPM (3.6 to 6.0 LPM) using a 0.521 or a 0.631 reversible tip. Keep the unit filled with LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier to ensure continuous application of liquid. The hose length shall not exceed 100' (30 m) in length and 3/8 inch (10 mm) in diameter.
8.
Apply a continuous LATICRETE MVIS(TM) Air & Water Barrier film with an overlapping spray. The wet film has a sage green appearance and dries to a darker olive green color. When the first coat has dried to a uniform olive green color, approximately 45 to 90 minutes at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C), visually inspect the coating for any voids or pinholes. Fill any defects with additional material and apply the second coat at right angles to the first. The wet film thickness shall be checked periodically using a wet film gauge.
9.
Check application thickness with a wet film gauge periodically as the LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier is being applied to ensure that the appropriate thickness and coverage is achieved. Bounce back and overspray will consume more product. To achieve the required film thickness, the coating shall be free from pinholes and air bubbles. Bring main application of LATICRETE Air and Water Barrier up to all penetrations through the membrane. Do not back roll the spray applied coating. Allow the LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier to cure in accord with the instructions in this document and TDS 410M prior to the installation of finish materials. It is important to note that areas not scheduled to receive the LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier shall be taped off and protected from any potential overspray.
10.
Protection - Provide protection for newly installed membrane, even if covered with a thin-bed stone, masonry veneer, or thin brick installation against exposure to rain or other water for a minimum of 2 hours at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) and 50% RH. For temperatures between 45 degrees F and 69 degrees F (7 degrees C to 21 degrees C) allow a minimum 24 hour cure period.
11.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE MVIS Air & Water Barrier
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Detail Drawings: MVIS 103, MVIS E101, MVIS E102, MVIS E103, MVIS E104; LATICRETE Data Sheets: 661.0, 661.5; LATICRETE MSDS: Air & Water Barrier, Fabric; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 177, 217, 410M.
NOTE TO SPECIFIER: The following ' Installation' sections are separated into two (2) categories; ' Ceramic Tile' installation and ' Exterior Adhered Veneer' installation. Edit as applicable - delete methods that do not apply.
 
3.6
INSTALLATION - EXTERIOR ADHERED VEENERS
 
NOTES TO SPECIFIER: Exterior adhered veneer installation techniques shall be performed in several ways depending upon the finish type. Specifier to select one of the following installation methods, based on finish type(s) project specific requirements. The optimum conditions for installation of direct adhered cladding are temperatures between 60 degrees and 80 degrees F (16 degrees and 27 degrees C), with 50% relative humidity and minimal wind. However, these conditions are atypical, so provisions shall be made for variations in climatic conditions. Protection and corrective action primarily requires temporary enclosures or tarpaulins prior to, during, and immediately after installation to shield from rain. If prolonged exposure occurs, surfaces that appear dry shall be saturated internally and require testing to determine suitability of certain overlay substrates, membranes or adhesives. Protection applies to the substrate, the installation of adhesives and joint grouts, post-installation (rain and temperature protection) until suitable cure, and also the storage and handling of the cladding material. For every 18 degrees F (10 degrees C) above 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) cementitious and epoxy materials cure twice as fast. For every 18 degrees F (10 degrees C) below 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) cementitious and epoxy materials take twice as long to cure. Tent / shade and heat areas that will be subjected to the elements and /or freezing temperatures during installation and cure periods. In addition to installing waterproofing membrane where required, provide proper architectural detailing (water-stops, flashings, weeps, etc.) to conduct water to the building exterior, especially at critical areas such as window heads/sills, penetrations and parapet walls/ Consult LATICRETE TDS 176M "Hot Weather Veneer Installations", available at www.laticrete.com, for more information. Consult LATICRETE TDS 175M "Cold Weather Veneer Installation", available at www.laticrete.com, for more information.
 
A.
Pre-float Method (exterior adhered veneers):
1.
Over clean, dimensionally stable and sound concrete and masonry substrates, apply latex-Portland cement thick-bed mortar as scratch/leveling coat in compliance with current revision of Masonry Veneer Manufacturer's Association (MVMA) "Installation Guide for Adhered Concrete Masonry Veneer" and/or veneer manufacturer's specific written installation instructions. Float surface of scratch/leveling coat plumb, true and allow mortar to set until firm. For installation of thin brick, masonry veneer, and stone, follow appropriate "Exterior Adhered Veneers Method" for "Stacked Veneer" or "Pointed / Grouted" veneer installations.
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE MVIS(TM) Premium Mortar Bed
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 263.0; LATICRETE MSDS: Premium Mortar Bed; GREENGUARD Certificates: Premium Mortar Bed; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 114, 122, 204
 
B.
Lath & Plaster Method (exterior adhered veneers):
1.
Install cleavage membrane/water resistive barrier complying with current revision of ASTM D226 (No. 15 Type 1), 2 separate layers of cleavage membrane/water resistive barrier complying with ICC-ES AC38 or a combination of both using corrosion resistant fasteners complying with ASTM C1063 Sec. 7.10.2. Install metal lath complying with the local building code requirements and/or 2.5 lb. (1.1 kg) or 3.4 lb. (1.5 kg) diamond mesh lath (ASTMC847-10, ASTMC1780). Apply latex-Portland cement mortar as scratch/leveling coat over wire lath, concrete or masonry in compliance with current revision of Masonry Veneer Manufacturer's Association (MVMA) "Installation Guide for Adhered Concrete Masonry Veneer" and/or veneer manufacturer's specific written installation instructions and/or ASTM C1780 Standard Practice for Installation Methods for Adhered Manufactured Stone Masonry Veneer. Float surface of scratch/leveling coat plumb, true and allow mortar to set until firm. For installation of thin brick, masonry veneer, or stone, follow the appropriate "Exterior Adhered Veneers" installation method for "Stacked Veneer" or "Pointed / Grouted" veneer installations.
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE MVIS Premium Mortar Bed.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 263.0; LATICRETE MSDS: Premium Mortar Bed; GREENGUARD Certificates: Premium Mortar Bed; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 114, 122, 204
 
C.
Exterior Adhered Veneers (Tile Council of North America / Marble Institute of America Methodology):
1.
Install latex Portland cement mortar in compliance with current revisions of ANSI A108.02 (3.11), A108.1B and ANSI A108.5. Use the appropriate trowel notch size to ensure proper bedding of the tile, brick or stone selected. Work the latex Portland cement mortar into good contact with the substrate and comb with notched side of trowel. Spread only as much latex Portland cement mortar as shall be covered while the mortar surface is still wet and tacky. When installing large format (>8 inches x 8 inches/200mm x 200mm) tile/stone, rib/button/lug back tiles, pavers or sheet mounted ceramics/mosaics, spread latex Portland cement mortar onto the back of (i.e. ' back-butter') each piece/sheet in addition to trowelling latex Portland cement mortar over the substrate. Beat each piece/sheet into the latex Portland cement mortar with a beating block or rubber mallet to insure full bedding and flatness. Allow installation to set until firm. Clean excess latex Portland cement mortar from tile or stone face and joints between pieces.
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE MVIS Hi-Bond Veneer Mortar.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheet: 246.0; LATICRETE MSDS: Hi-Bond Veneer Mortar; GREENGUARD Certificate: Hi-Bond Veneer Mortar; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 126, 195, 208.
 
D.
Exterior Adhered Veneers (Pointed/Grouted - Masonry Veneer Manufacturer's Association Methodology):
1.
Moisten the back of each veneer unit and the top of the scratch coat so the surfaces appear damp but are free of standing water. Install masonry veneer adhesive mortar in compliance with current revisions of Masonry Veneer Manufacturer's Association (MVMA) "Installation Guide for Adhered Concrete Masonry Veneer" and/or veneer manufacturer's specific written installation instructions. Use the appropriate installation tools to ensure proper bedding of veneer unit. Work the masonry veneer adhesive mortar into good contact with the back of the veneer unit making sure the entire unit is buttered to a nominal 1/2 inch (12mm) thickness. DO NOT COVER JUST THE PERIMETER! Buttered masonry veneer units shall be firmly worked onto the scratch coat and slid slightly back and forth or with a slight rotating motion. Allow installation to set until firm. Clean excess latex Portland cement mortar from masonry veneer or stone face and joints between pieces. Installing masonry veneer from the top down will minimize cleanup requirements.
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE MVIS(TM) Hi-Bond Veneer Mortar
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheet: 246.0; LATICRETE MSDS: Hi-Bond Veneer Mortar; GREENGUARD Certificate: Hi-Bond Veneer Mortar; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 126, 195, 208.
 
E.
Exterior Adhered Veneers (Stacked Veneer):
1.
Moisten the back of each veneer unit and the top of the scratch coat so the surfaces appear damp but are free of standing water. Install masonry veneer adhesive mortar in compliance with current revisions of Masonry Veneer Manufacturer's Association (MVMA) "Installation Guide for Adhered Concrete Masonry Veneer" and/or veneer manufacturer's specific written installation instructions. Use the appropriate installation tools to ensure proper bedding of veneer unit. Work the masonry veneer adhesive mortar into good contact with the back of the veneer unit making sure the entire unit is buttered to a nominal 1/2 inch (12mm) thickness. DO NOT COVER JUST THE PERIMETER! Buttered masonry veneer units shall be firmly worked onto the scratch coat and slid slightly back and forth or with a slight rotating motion. Allow installation to set until firm. Clean excess latex Portland cement mortar from masonry veneer or stone face and joints between pieces. Tight fitted masonry veneer shall be applied from the corners toward the middle of the wall, and from the bottom toward the top of the wall.
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE MVIS Hi-Bond Veneer Mortar.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheet: 246.0; LATICRETE MSDS: Hi-Bond Veneer Mortar; GREENGUARD Certificate: Hi-Bond Veneer Mortar; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 126, 195, 208.
 
F.
Grouting or Pointing (Exterior Adhered Veneers):
 
NOTE TO SPECIFIER: Specify grout / pointing mortar color for each type/color of thin brick, masonry veneer, and stone:
 
G.
Pointing Mortar (for joints up to 1/2 inch (12mm):
1.
Allow thin brick, masonry, and stone installations to cure a minimum of 24 hours @ 70 degrees F (21 degrees C). Verify grout joints are free of dirt, debris or tile spacers. Sponge or wipe dust/dirt off veneer face and remove any water standing in joints. Surface temperature shall be between 40-90 degrees F (4-32 degrees C). Use 2 quarts (1.9 L) of clean potable water for 25 lb. (11.4 kg) of LATICRETE MVIS(TM) Premium Pointing Mortar. Place water in a clean mixing container and add mortar slowly. Mix with a slow speed mixer to a smooth stiff consistency. Allow mortar to slake for 5 minutes. Remix mortar. Pointing mortar/grout shall be installed using a grout bag, filling the joints to the desired depth, ensuring the mortar is forced into all voids. The curing time will shall vary significantly with temperature and humidity. Once applied allow to firm to "thumbprint" hardness, trowel, rake and/or dry, soft bristled brush to the desired finish.
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE MVIS(TM) Premium Pointing Mortar
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 274.0; :ATICRETE MSDS: Premium Pointing Mortar; GREENGUARD Certificate: Premium Pointing Mortar; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 201, 400.
 
H.
Waterproofing / Flashing:
1.
To be designed and detailed by project architect / engineer. The function of wall flashing, or through-wall flashing, is to divert moisture which shall penetrate the exterior face of the facade, or divert moisture which shall condense within the wall from water vapor migration to or from the interior spaces. Flashings are commonly used at changes in configuration of the facade, and between different components of the wall. Typical locations requiring flashing are at the intersection of roof and wall assemblies, under roof parapet and wall copings, over window and door openings, under window sills, at shelf or relieving angles, and at bases of hollow or cavity walls. Flashings shall always turn up against the area or material which is being protected in order to prevent water penetration. Provision shall be made to divert any trapped water back to the outside and away from the face of the building facade. This is commonly done by placing weep holes, tubes or absorbent wicks from 24 - 33 inches (600 - 840 millimeters) at the base of the flashing. Flashings shall form a drip edge and extend a minimum of 3/8 inch (10 millimeters) beyond the face of the facade to prevent water from dripping down the face of the facade. Check local building code for proper design, placement and implementation of flashing and weep systems. Copings, which protect the top of a parapet wall from water penetration, shall be flashed, at a minimum, at the joints between the coping material (metal, stone, ceramic tile, pre-cast concrete), but preferably continuous along and beneath the entire length of the coping. Flashings which cannot be adhered or imbedded in the wall construction are either attached to reglets, which are pre-fabricated and pre-cast into the wall assembly, or attached to the wall assembly with mechanical attachments and sealed with sealants. In selecting a flashing, it is very important to verify compatibility of metals used in the window frame and the flashing in order to avoid corrosion from galvanic reactions of dissimilar metals.
I.
Weeps / Pressure Equalization Vents:
1.
To be designed and detailed by project architect / engineer. Most building codes permit weeps no less than 3/16 inch (5 millimeters) in diameter and spaced no more than 33 inches (840 millimeters) on-center. Wick and tube weep spacing recommended at no more than 16 inches (400 millimeters) on-center. Install weeps and/or vent tubes through movement joints, conforming to the size, type and composition specified and as per weep/vent manufacturer's recommendations, on 2 feet (600 millimeters) centers minimum, and at all locations indicated in shop drawings, plans and details. Ensure that all weeps and/or equalization tubes are properly placed to reach the waterproofing membrane and/or cavity they are designed to drain/vent, and are clear of dirt, debris, sealant or other obstructions.
J.
Vapor Barrier:
1.
Install vapor barrier, conforming to the type and composition specified and as per vapor barrier manufacturer's recommendations, on the side of wall cavity insulation that will be "warm in winter." Complete vapor barrier within two weeks after enclosure of the building. Placement, composition and detail to be provided by project design professional.
K.
Expansion and Control Joints: Provide control or expansion joints as located in contract drawings and in full conformity, especially in width and depth, with architectural details.
1.
Substrate joints shall carry through, full width, to surface of tile, brick or stone.
2.
Install expansion joints in tile, brick or stone work over construction/cold joints or control joints in substrates.
3.
Install expansion joints where tile, brick or stone abut restraining surfaces (such as perimeter walls, curbs, columns), changes in plane and corners.
4.
Joint width and spacing depends on application - follow TCNA "Handbook for Ceramic, Glass, and Stone Tile Installation"Detail "EJ-171 Expansion Joints" or consult sealant manufacturer for recommendation based on project parameters.
5.
Joint width: =1/8 inch (3mm) and = 1 inch (25mm).
6.
Joint width: depth ~2:1 but joint depth shall be =1/8 inch (3mm) and =1/2 inch (12mm).
7.
Layout (field defined by joints):
a.
1:1 length: width is optimum but shall be <= 2:1.
b.
Remove all contaminants and foreign material from joint spaces/surfaces, such as dirt, dust, oil, water, frost, setting/grouting materials, sealers and old sealant/backer. Use LATICRETE LATASIL 9118 Primer for stainless steel, sandstone, metal, limestone (and other porous stones), PVC, fiber reinforced cement installations.
c.
Install appropriate backing material (e.g. closed cell backer rod) based on expansion joint design and as specified in section 07 91 26 - Joint Fillers. Apply masking tape to face of tile, brick or stone veneer. Use caulking gun, or other applicator, to completely fill joints with sealant. Within 5-10 minutes of filling joint, ' tool' sealant surface to a smooth finish. Remove masking tape immediately after tooling joint. Wipe excess sealant off all surfaces immediately.
8.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE MVIS(TM)Silicone Sealant LATASIL 9118 Primer.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Detail Drawings: WP300, WP301, WP302, WP303, EJ-01, EJ-06, EJ-08, EJ-09, EJ-10, EJ-12, EJ-13, EJ-14, (Sealant treatments only); LATICRETE Data Sheets: 233.0, 6526.1 ; LATICRETE MSDS: MVIS Silicone Sealant, Primer; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 211, 252/
 
L.
Sealer (Exterior Adhered Masonry Veneers):
 
NOTE TO SPECIFIER: Different finish types shall require different sealers. Impervious ceramic, and porcelain tiles do not require sealing. However, some matte finish, and textured finish ceramic and porcelain tiles, shall require a pre-grouting sealer, or grout release agent. For finishes other than natural stone, consult LATICRETE Technical Services at 888-786-6343 extension 2, or via email.
 
1.
Read entire label before using. Use only as directed. Always test in a small inconspicuous area with a 24-hour cure time to determine ease of application and desired results. Allow new grout installations to cure for 72 hours prior to application. Make sure surface is clean and free of waxes and coatings. Sealer shall be applied to damp surfaces one hour after standing water has been removed. Surface temperature is to be between 50 degrees Fahrenheit and 80 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius and 26.7 degrees Celsius). Ensure that the area is well-ventilated during application and until the surface is dry. Keep children and pets out of the area until treated surface is dry.
a.
Ensure cap is closed and sealed, and shake well before use.
b.
Mask off surfaces not intended to be treated.
c.
Liberally apply an even coat using a paint pad, paint brush, paint roller, or low-pressure solvent-resistant sprayer. Do not thin before using.
d.
Allow sealer to penetrate the surface for 10- 15 minutes; denser materials shall require more time for the sealer to penetrate. During this time, distribute excess sealer over the entire area to ensure even penetration.
e.
Thoroughly wipe down the entire surface with a clean, dry cloth to completely remove all excess sealer from the surface. DO NOT ALLOW SEALER TO COMPLETELY DRY ON THE SURFACE.
f.
A second coat shall be needed for porous, absorbent surfaces. If a second coat is required, it shall be applied one hour after the initial application as directed in steps 2 through 5.
g.
If sealer was not completely wiped off and a residue appears, wipe entire surface with a towel dampened with sealer. Use a white, nylon pad to loosen residue and follow with a clean, white absorbent towel to remove.
h.
Keep newly sealed installations free from contamination for 6 hours at 70 degrees Fahrenheit / 21 degrees Celsius.
i.
A full cure is achieved in 24 to 72 hours at 70 degrees Fahrenheit / 21 degrees Celsius. Use of the treated surface shall resume in 6- 8 hours. If use of the surface shall resume sooner, cover the treated surface with red rosin paper to protect it until full cure has been achieved.
j.
Rags and equipment that are wet with sealer shall be flammable. Clean up promptly after work is completed. Clean equipment with mineral spirits and allow to dry in a well-ventilated area. Allow rags to dry in a well-ventilated area out of reach. When, dry, dispose of in accordance with local waste disposal regulations.
2.
Recommended Surfaces: Brick; concrete / masonry; homogeneous granite; veined granite; unpolished, honed and textured limestone; quartzite, bluestone, sandstone, slate, and travertine
3.
Storage and Handling Instructions: Avoid prolonged exposure to vapors. Use in a well-ventilated area. Do not ingest. Avoid contact with eyes and skin. KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN. Do not freeze or store above 100 degrees Fahrenheit /38 degrees Celsius. Do not mix with other chemicals. Do not release to natural waterways.
4.
Use the following LATICRETE Systems Materials:
5.
LATICRETE STONETECH(R) Heavy Duty Exterior Sealer
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: Heavy Duty Exterior Sealer; LATICRETE MSDS: Heavy Duty Exterior Sealer.
 
M.
Adjusting: Correction of defective work for a period of one year following substantial completion, return to job and correct all defective work. Defective work includes, without limitation, tiles broken in normal abuse due to deficiencies in setting bed, loose tiles or grout, and all other defects which shall develop as a result of poor workmanship.
3.7
INSTALLATION - CERAMIC TILE
A.
General: Install in accordance with current versions of American National Standards Institute, Inc. (ANSI) "A108 American National Standard Specifications for Installation of Ceramic Tile" and TCNA "Handbook for Ceramic, Glass, and Stone Tile Installation." Cut and fit , neatly around corners, fittings, and obstructions. Perimeter pieces to be minimum half tile, brick or stone. Chipped, cracked, split pieces and edges are not acceptable. Make joints even, straight, plumb and of uniform width to tolerance +/- 1/16 inch over 8' (1.5mm in 2.4m). Install divider strips at junction of flooring and dissimilar materials.
B.
Vapor Reduction Coating:
1.
Surface Preparation - Concrete slabs shall be clean, structurally sound, absorptive, and have an ICRI concrete surface profile (CSP) of 3 - 5. All dirt, oil, paint, laitance, efflorescence, sealers, curing compounds and any other bond breaking contaminants shall be removed down to the full depth of contamination by shot blasting or other mechanical means then swept and vacuumed clean. Use of chemicals to remove contaminants is prohibited. Use of sweeping compound is not recommended as they shall contain oil which will act as a bond breaker. Do not use over gypsum or asphalt based products. Per ASTM F3010, concrete slab to receive LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating shall have a tensile pull-off strength of 200 psi (1.4 MPa) or greater when tested in accordance with ASTM C1583. Surface temperature shall be 50- 90 degrees F (10- 32 degrees C) during application and for 24 hours after installation. In all cases, the surface temperature of the prepared concrete slab shall be warm enough to avoid condensation on the surface of the concrete.
2.
Joints, Cracks, Surface Depressions and Other Irregularities - All joints and cracks shall be evaluated and repaired if necessary prior to installation of LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating. A good crack repair technique depends on knowing the causes and selecting appropriate repair procedures that take these causes into account. Repairing a crack without addressing the cause shall only be a temporary fix. Successful long-term repair procedures shall address the causes of the cracks as well as the cracks themselves. Refer to ACI 224.1R-07 for guidance on evaluation and repair of cracks in concrete. LATICRETE product application over moving cracks and joints is not recommended.
3.
Moving joints (e.g. expansion joints, isolation joints, etc.) and dynamic (moving) cracks shall be honored up through the LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating. LATICRETE is not responsible for vapor emission through untreated joints or for areas where cracks shall develop later.
4.
All non-moving joints and dormant cracks (e.g. saw cuts, surface cracks, grooves, control joints, etc.) shall be cleaned out and free of all loose debris. Non-structural cracks up to 1/8 inch (3 mm) in width shall be filled with LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating epoxy during main application. Inspect these areas to ensure cracks are completely filled with no voids.
5.
Non-moving joints, dormant cracks greater than 1/8 inch (3 mm) wide, shall be patched with mixture of 1 part LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating and 3 parts clean, washed play sand. In a suitable container, such as an empty LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating pail, pour 1 part LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating pre-blended to 3 parts clean, washed play sand, using a 300 rpm drill with jiffy paddle, mix together for 2-3 minutes until the LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating and qualified sand mixture is consistent. Slowly pour the mixture into the crack, using the flat side of a trowel force the epoxy/sand mixture into the crack. Surface crazing and hairline cracks do not need filling. Construction Joints, Expansion Joints and Large moving cracks that have lost aggregate lock (one side of crack is higher than the other) have structural implications and cannot be repaired using this method.
6.
Moisture Evaluation - Moisture testing shall be conducted in accordance with finish floor goods and adhesive manufacturers' requirements prior to LATICRETE NXT(TM) Vapor Reduction Coating application. When evaluating moisture conditions the HVAC system or a temporary enclosure shall be operational and in place for the minimum specified time period recommended in the moisture test standard. The concrete floor slabs and the ambient air space above the floor shall be at service temperature and relative humidity for at least 48 hours before taking moisture measurements in the concrete slab. These conditions shall remain throughout the test period to ensure accurate results.
a.
MVER/RH less than or equal to 25 pounds (1415 µg/100%, 12 mill thickness, 133 sq.ft/gal (3.2 sq.m/L. Each full unit will yield approximately 865 ft2 (80.1 m2). Each mini unit will yield approximately 319 ft2 (29.5 m2)
7.
Mixing - Before using, store resins at room temperature 65-85 degrees F (18-30 degrees C) for 24 hours to ensure ease of mixing. Mix Components A and B at a ratio of 1:2.3 by volume (components are packaged into the pails to the specified ratio). Pour the A component into the larger B component steel pail. Verify that all of the Part A liquid is drained from pail. Mix with a slow speed drill (<300 RPM) with a jiffy blade for 3 minutes, assuring mixture is fully uniform and that all ribbons of contrasting shade are completely eliminated. Pour the fully mixed material onto the substrate immediately after mixing.
8.
Application - Pour ribbons of LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating onto the prepared concrete and spread using appropriate round or square notch squeegee that is designed to apply the desired mil thickness in a single coat. Apply an even coat making sure to cover all areas thoroughly. Immediately following, while epoxy is still wet, use a high quality 3/8 inch (9 mm) nap non-shedding paint roller to back-roll at 90 degrees from the squeegee direction to help ensure full coverage and uniform thickness. Replace worn squeegee blades and paint rollers when necessary to help ensure proper application. Use a paint brush to apply epoxy around penetrations, columns, and any other obstructions. Periodically check mil thickness using a LATICRETE NXT Wet Film Thickness Gauge. Allow to cure for 12 hours at 50-90 degrees F (10-32 degrees C) prior to installation of underlayment or finish flooring. Always consult flooring and adhesive manufacturer's installation instructions, restrictions and confirm compatibility with LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating. Always test performance and compatibility of floor systems prior to application.
9.
Coverage - Each full unit will yield approximately 650 - 1040 ft2 (60.4 - 96.3 m2). Each mini unit will yield approximately 240 - 360 ft2 (22.2 - 33.3 m2).
10.
Flooring and Self-Leveling Underlayments Installation - In all cases the LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating surface shall be protected from traffic, dust, debris, rain, and any other contaminants. LATICRETE NXT self-leveling underlayments shall be installed over LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating as soon as the epoxy is slightly tacky to the touch with no transfer; typically 12 hours after application depending on ambient and substrate conditions. The maximum time to install LATICRETE NXT self-leveling underlayments over LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating is 24 hours. If LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating is left open longer than 24 hours or the surface becomes contaminated, contact LATICRETE Technical Sales Representative. LATICRETE NXT self-leveling underlayments require the use of LATICRETE NXT Primer. Refer to TDS 230N for detailed primer installation instructions. If finish floor goods are to be installed directly on top of LATICRETE NXT Vapor Reduction Coating, then the epoxy surface shall be allowed to cure until non-tacky to the touch, typically after a minimum of 24 hours. Always refer to finished floor manufacturer's recommendations regarding installation instructions, restrictions, moisture conditions and compatibility. Always test performance suitability and compatibility of finished floor systems prior to their application. Sample surfaces shall be installed as a field test so as to be representative of entire surface and tested for intended use.
11.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE NXT(TM) Vapor Reduction Coating
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheet: 507.0 apps.laticrete.com/AG/reference/LDS1700.doc ; LATICRETE MSDS: Part A; Part B.
 
C.
Electric Radiant Heat Mat:
1.
Install in compliance with latest revisions of UL (US) 1693, UL (CAN/CAS) C22.2 #217; NEC Article 424 IX by a licensed electrician. All electrical connections shall be made by a licensed electrician. A qualified tile installer is responsible for the placement and encapsulation of the LATICRETE Floor Heat Mat. Carefully inspect and clean surface to receive LATICRETE Floor HEAT mat before the installation. Remove any sharp edges or pointed objects that might damage the heating elements. Plan and install LATICRETE Floor Heat following the installation instructions (DS 605.9). Fully test LATICRETE Floor Heat during the various stages of the installation to verify correct functioning. Do not install over expansion and control joints. Fully cover and encapsulate LATICRETE Floor Heat elements with LATICRETE 254 Platinum. Allow mortar to harden prior to the installation of waterproofing, crack suppression or ceramic tile, mosaics, pavers, brick or stone. Do not turn the LATICRETE Floor Heat on until the entire tile installation (including grout) has cured for a minimum of 48 hours at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C); cooler temperatures require longer cure times.
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE Floor Heat Mat, LATICRETE 254 Platinum.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheet: 605.0, 604.0, 606.0, 677.0, 605.9; LATICRETE MSDS: 254, Floor HEAT; GREENGUARD Certificate: 254; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 152, 199, 210.
 
3.
Electric Radiant Heat - Loose Wire: Install in compliance with latest revisions of UL (US) 1693, UL (CAN/CAS) C22.2 #217; NEC Article 424 IX by a licensed electrician. All electrical connections shall be made by a licensed electrician. A qualified tile installer is responsible for the placement and encapsulation of the LATICRETE Floor Heat Mat. Carefully inspect and clean surface to receive LATICRETE Floor Heat mat before the installation. Remove any sharp edges or pointed objects that might damage the heating elements. Plan and install LATICRETE Floor Heat following the installation instructions (DS 601.3). Fully test LATICRETE(R) Floor Heat during the various stages of the installation to verify correct functioning. Do not install over expansion and control joints. Fully cover and encapsulate LATICRETE Floor Heat elements with LATICRETE 254 Platinum. Allow mortar to harden prior to the installation of waterproofing, crack suppression or ceramic tile, mosaics, pavers, brick or stone. Do not turn the LATICRETE Floor Heat on until the entire tile installation (including grout) has cured for a minimum of 48 hours at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C); cooler temperatures require longer cure times.
4.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE Floor HEAT Wire, LATICRETE 254 Platinum.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheet: 614.0, 604.0, 606.0, 677.0, 601.3; LATICRETE MSDS: 254, Floor HEAT Wire; GREENGUARD Certificate: 254; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 152, 199, 210.
 
D.
Bonded Thick Bed Method (Floor):
1.
Verify 1 inch (25mm) nominal bed thickness has been allowed. Apply LATICRETE 254 Platinum with a flat trowel as a slurry bond coat approximately 1/16 inch (1. 5mm) thick over clean concrete slab, in compliance with current revision of ANSI A108.1A (2.2 and 5.2). Place LATICRETE 3701 Fortified Mortar Bed over slurry bond coat while LATICRETE 254 Platinum slurry bond coat is wet and tacky. Omit reinforcing wire fabric and fully compact bed by tamping. Spread LATICRETE 254 Platinum with flat trowel over surface of "green"/fresh mortar bed as a slurry bond coat approximately 1/16 inch (1.5mm) thick. Apply LATICRETE 254 Platinum slurry bond coat to back of Ceramic Tile, stone mosaic trim unit or threshold and place each piece/sheet while slurry bond coats are wet and tacky. Beat with a hardwood block or rubber mallet to level/imbed pieces before mortar bed takes initial set. Clean excess mortar/adhesive from finished surfaces. For installation of tile, brick or Ceramic tile over cured (pre-floated) latex-Portland cement thick bed mortar, follow appropriate "Thin Bed Method" or "Medium Bed Method."
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE 3701 Fortified Mortar, LATICRETE 254 Platinum.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 100.0; 677.0; LATICRETE MSDS: 3701FMB; 254; GREENGUARD Certificates: 3701FMB, 254; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 106, 114, 154, 204.
 
E.
Thick Bed (Wire Reinforced) Method:
1.
Minimum bed thickness of 2 inches (50mm) shall be maintained. Place latex-Portland cement thick bed mortar to a depth approximately one-half finished bed thickness in compliance with current revision of ANSI A108.01 (3.2.1.1 & 3.2.4) and A108.1B. Lay 2 inches x 2 inches (50mm x 50mm), 16 gauge (1.5mm), galvanized, welded reinforcing wire fabric, complying with ANSI A108.02 (3.7) and ASTM A185, over mortar. Place additional thick bed mortar over wire fabric and compact mortar by tamping with flat trowel. Screed mortar bed level and provide correct slopes to drains. Spread latex-Portland cement thin bed mortar with flat trowel over surface of "green"/fresh mortar bed as a slurry bond coat approximately 1/16 inch (1.5 mm) thick . As per ANSI A108.1A (6.0) apply latex-Portland cement mortar slurry bond coat to back of Stone, mosaic, paver, brick, Ceramic tile, trim unit or threshold and place each piece/sheet while slurry bond coats are wet and tacky. Beat with a hardwood block or rubber mallet to level/imbed pieces before mortar bed takes initial set. Clean excess mortar/adhesive from finished surfaces. For installation of tile, brick or stone over cured (pre-floated) latex-Portland cement mortar bed, follow appropriate "Thin Bed Method" or "Medium Bed Method."
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE 3701 Fortified Mortar, LATICRETE 254 Platinum
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 100.0; 677.0; LATICRETE MSDS: 3701FMB; 254; GREENGUARD Certificates: 3701FMB, 254; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 106, 114, 204.
 
F.
Self-Leveling Underlayment:
1.
Use LATICRETE NXT Level Plus, and related LATICRETE NXT Primer, as a self-leveling underlayment to attain proper floor flatness.
2.
Surface Preparation - Concrete slabs shall have a minimum ICRI concrete surface profile (CSP) of 3. For more detailed ICRI CSP information refer to ICRI Guideline No. 03732. Use of chemicals to remove contaminants or to create a surface profile is not recommended. Use of a sweeping compound is not recommended as they shall contain oil which will act as a bond breaker. Additionally, concrete slabs shall readily absorb water, be clean, free of oil, wax, grease, sealers, curing compounds, asphalt, paint, deicing agents, dust, dirt, loose surface material and any other contaminant that will act as a bond breaker. In addition, tensile strength testing of the concrete substrate, per ASTM C1583 or ICRI Guideline No. 03739, shall show a minimum of 100 psi (0.7 MPa) tensile strength prior to installation of LATICRETE self-leveling underlayment. Any areas that do not meet 100 psi (0.7 MPa) tensile strength shall be removed and repaired.
3.
General Priming Information: All surfaces shall be primed prior to the installation of LATICRETE NXT self-leveling underlayments. LATICRETE NXT Primer is a concentrate and shall be diluted with clean potable water prior to application. Dilution ratio and application methods vary depending on substrate. Always stir or shake LATICRETE NXT Primer concentrate prior to diluting. Mix primer with clean potable water according to the LATICRETE NXT(TM) Primer DILUTION / APPROXIMATE COVERAGE chart below. Water shall always be carefully measured in order to ensure proper dilution is achieved. Use a mixing paddle to thoroughly combine primer and water. LATICRETE NXT Primer shall be broom, roller, mop, or spray applied. Substrate temperature shall be a minimum 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) during primer application and throughout drying time. Additionally, air temperature shall be maintained between 50- 90 degrees F (10- 32 degrees C) during primer application and throughout drying time. The primed surface shall also be protected from weather, water and direct sunlight.
4.
Water Drop Test: The water drop test described in this document is a subjective, qualitative test that shall be conducted in order to help an experienced contractor form an opinion as to how a slab shall be primed. However, this test shall not be definitive. To help determine the appropriate primer dilution, properly prepare slab in accordance with this guide then apply several dime to quarter size drops of water to properly prepared surface and observe.
a.
High-Suction = Water completely absorbs into surface within 15 seconds; surface shall appear dark and wet with no visible water remaining on surface
b.
Normal-Suction = Water absorbs or partially absorbs within 30 seconds but not less than 15 seconds; bead of water shall slowly shrink as it absorbs while dark, wet spot on surface slowly expands
c.
Non-Suction = Water beads up and does not absorb at all within 30 seconds; bead of water does not shrink or absorb, wet spot on surface does not expand
5.
Normal Suction Concrete: Dilute LATICRETE NXT Primer 1:3 (1 part primer to 3 parts water). Apply a single coat of diluted Primer/water mix to the point of refusal so that the substrate is completely covered and small puddles form in low spots. While LATICRETE NXT Primer is still wet use a push broom to work primer into the substrate so that puddles are spread evenly over the surface, absorbed and a uniform film has been applied. Remove any remaining puddles by brooming and spreading over the surface. Then proceed below to the All Suitable Substrates and Protect Primer Application sections.
6.
High-Suction Concrete: Apply two coats of LATICRETE NXT(TM) Primer allowing adequate time to dry between coats. For the first coat, dilute LATICRETE NXT Primer 1:5 (1 part primer to 5 parts water). Apply first coat of diluted primer/water mix to the point of refusal so that the substrate is completely covered and small puddles form in low spots. While primer is still wet use a push broom to work primer into the substrate so that puddles are spread evenly over the surface, allowed to absorb and a uniform film remains on the surface. Remove any remaining puddles by brooming and spreading over the surface. Allow the primer to dry. The first coat is considered dry when a minimum of 3 hours dry time has elapsed, the primer turns from milky white to clear, is dry to the touch, and there is no release of primer from the substrate. First coat shall not be opened to trade traffic prior to installation of second coat. If the primed floor becomes contaminated by trade traffic, construction dust, debris, or any other bond inhibiting substance, or is exposed to water/excessive moisture prior to second coat application, the contaminated first coat of Primer shall be completely removed by shot blasting, scarification or other mechanical means, properly re-primed and allowed to dry.
7.
For the second coat, dilute LATICRETE NXT Primer 1:3 (1 part primer to 3 parts water). Apply second coat of diluted primer/water mix to the point of refusal so that the substrate is completely covered and small puddles form in low spots. While second coat of primer is still wet use a push broom to work primer into the substrate so that puddles are spread evenly over the surface and a uniform film has been applied. Then follow the All Suitable Substrates and Protect Primer Application sections.
8.
Exterior Glue Plywood: Dilute LATICRETE NXT Primer 5:1 (5 parts primer to 1 part water). Using a sprayer or broom, apply a single coat of diluted primer/water mix so that the substrate is completely covered and a uniform film has been applied and follow the All Suitable Substrates section. Fasten galvanized diamond metal lath over entire exterior glue plywood substrate using corrosion resistant fasteners every 6 inches (15 cm) overlapping lath seams by 1 inch (2.5 cm) and follow the Protect Primer Application section.
9.
Non-Suction Substrates: Non-Suction substrate primer dilution and application instructions are intended for Ceramic tile, quarry tile, VCT, VAT, sheet vinyl and moisture mitigation systems that have been properly prepared in accordance with this guide and moisture mitigation manufacturer's instructions. Concrete slabs that are considered Non-Suction will require additional preparation prior to primer application. See Non-Suction Concrete in the Substrate Types/General Requirements section for more information.
10.
Dilute LATICRETE NXT Primer 1:1 (1 part Primer to 1 part water). Apply a single coat of diluted primer/water mix to the point of refusal so that the substrate is completely and evenly covered. While primer is still wet and white, immediately lightly scatter LATICRETE NXT self-leveling dry powder into the wet primer. Using a push broom, work the dry powder into the wet primer/water mixture forming a slurry. Continue to broom so that puddles are spread evenly over the surface and a uniform film has been applied. Then follow All Suitable Substrates and Protect Primer Application. For more information on this method contact the Technical Service Department.
11.
LATICRETE NXT(TM) Vapor Reduction Coating / Moisture Mitigation Systems: Ensure that an acceptable system has been installed in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. If mitigation system manufacturer requires the use of a specific Primer, follow manufacturer's priming instructions using the required primer. If LATICRETE NXT primer will be used follow Non-Suction Priming instructions.
12.
LATICRETE NXT Underlayments and other Cement Mortar Beds: Follow High-Suction priming instructions for priming on top of LATICRETE NXT underlayments and other cement mortar beds.
13.
All Suitable Substrates: Remove any remaining puddles by brooming and spreading evenly over the surface. Allow the LATICRETE NXT Primer to completely dry for a minimum of 3 - 5 hours at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) and 50% Relative Humidity. LATICRETE NXT Primer coat is considered dry when a minimum of 3 hours dry time has elapsed, the primer turns from milky white to clear, is dry to the touch, and there is no release of primer from the substrate. Surface shall feel slightly tacky. Drying time will vary depending on surface and ambient air conditions. Substrate temperature shall be a minimum 40 degrees F (4 degrees C) during primer application and throughout drying time. Additionally, air temperature shall be maintained between 50- 90 degrees F (10- 32 degrees C) during primer application and throughout drying time. Primer shall also be protected from weather and direct sunlight. Temperatures below 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) and/or relative humidity above 50% will increase drying time. Insufficient drying or poor film formation will result in pinholes and poor bond strength and shall cause LATICRETE NXT(TM) self-leveling underlayment to debond. If primer dries within 30 minutes or if a 24 hour period is exceeded after primer application, the surface shall be primed again.
14.
Protect Primer Application: When walking over new primer application prior to installation of a LATICRETE NXT self-leveling underlayment, shoes shall be protected with clean, slip-on type booties (i.e. Tyvek). Primed floor shall not be opened to trade traffic prior to installation of LATICRETE NXT underlayments If the primed floor becomes contaminated by trade traffic, construction dust, debris, or any other bond inhibiting substance, or is exposed to water/excessive moisture prior to second coat application, the contaminated first coat of primer shall be completely removed by shot blasting, scarification or other mechanical means, properly re-primed and allowed to dry.
15.
Mixing - LATICRETE NXT LEVEL PLUS shall be mixed with 5.0 - 5.5 quarts (4.7- 5.2L) of water per 55 lb (25 kg) bag. Do not over water. For manual application, add product to water and mix for 2- 3 min with a heavy duty drill (650 rpm) to obtain a lump free mix. LATICRETE NXT Level Plus shall also be used in most pump equipment. Please consult with a LATICRETE representative to verify equipment compatibility. A flow test shall always be performed to ensure that the mix is homogeneous and free from separation. The ideal flow range for LATICRETE NXT Level Plus is 11- 12 inches (280 - 300 mm) using a LATICRETE Flow Test Kit. See TDS 235N - Flow Test Method - for more detailed instructions on performing flow tests.
16.
Perimeter Isolation Strip - It is essential that all walls and building elements are isolated from the self-leveling underlayment pours to ensure proper expansion allowance against all restraining surfaces. Note: It is recommended to install a perimeter isolation strip before the installation of LATICRETE NXT Level Plus. Attach the perimeter isolation strip to the perimeter wall of the entire subfloor, as well as around the perimeter of any protrusions, in order to isolate the floor and wall/restraining surfaces. Temporarily fasten perimeter isolation strip in place with staples masking, duct, or carpet tape. The perimeter isolation strip shall then be removed after the tiles have set firm. The joints shall then be filled with LATICRETE LATASIL.
17.
Main Application - Substrate temperature shall be between 40-90 degrees F (4-32 degrees C) during application and air temperature maintained between 50- 90 degrees F (10- 32 degrees C). Protect areas from direct sunlight. Do not use damp curing methods or curing and sealing compounds. If required to meet level tolerances, survey surface using a digital or electronic leveling device and apply level pegs as required. Adequate ventilation shall be provided to ensure uniform drying. Pump or pour blended material onto substrate at an average thickness ranging between 1/8 inch to 1-1/4 inches (6 to 32 mm) for all surfaces. Immediately following placement lightly smooth the surface and pour lines, when not using elevation pins the use of a gauge rake will assist in controlling material depth. Do not expose LATICRETE self-leveling underlayments to rolling dynamic loads, such as forklifts or scissor lifts, for at least 72 hours after installation. Proper application is the responsibility of the user. Floor will be ready for foot traffic in 1-4 hours. Finished floor goods shall be installed as soon as 16 hours after application of LATICRETE NXT(TM) Level Plus, subject to thickness, drying conditions and type of flooring materials. Coverage will be dependent upon relative rough-ness of substrate, but the following is typical: 1/8 inch thickness is approximately 49 ft2; 1/4 inch thickness is approx. 24 ft2; 1/2 inch thickness is approx. 12 ft2
18.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE NXT Level Plus, LATICRETE NXT Primer
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 505.0; 502.0; LATICRETE MSDS: NXT PRIMER; NXT LEVEL PLUS.
 
G.
Uncoupling Membrane:
1.
Mix LATICRETE 254 Platinum to a wet consistency. Using a 1/4 inch x 1/4 inch (6mm x 6mm) square notched trowel, install LATICRETE 254 Platinum in compliance with current revisions of ANSI A108.02 (3.11) and ANSI A108.5 1.2. Work the latex Portland cement mortar into good contact with the substrate and comb with notched side of trowel. Spread only as much LATICRETE 254 Platinum as shall be covered while the mortar surface is still wet and tacky. Apply LATICRETE STRATA_MAT to the wet LATICRETE 254 Platinum with the fabric side down. Using a clean grout float, trowel or 40 lb. vinyl roller, ensure that LATICRETE STRATA_MAT is fully embedded into the mortar. Lift a corner of the LATICRETE STRATA_MAT to ensure that maximum coverage is achieved. Abut the ends and sides of adjacent sheets of LATICRETE STRATA_MAT to make sure that continuity of the uncoupling system is achieved. Allow installation to set until firm. Clean excess mortar from face of LATICRETE(R) STRATA_MAT(TM) . For installation of tile or stone, follow appropriate "Thin Bed Method" or "Medium Bed Method."
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE STRATA_MAT, LATICRETE 254 Platinum
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 026.0, 677.0; LATICRETE MSDS: STRATA MAT, 254; GREENGUARD Certificates: 254; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 147, 233
 
H.
Sound Abatement and Crack Isolation Mat:
 
NOTES TO SPECIFIER: The sound reduction performance of Stone, mosaic, paver installations will depend significantly on: 1) The type and thickness of floor construction; 2) Whether a suspended ceiling is part of the design; 3) Flanking acoustical transmission control (e.g. perimeter isolation joints); 4) The type and source of sound energy/noise (i.e. impact versus airborne). The use of acoustical ceiling panels in the space below would provide additional sound control.
 
1.
Perimeter Isolation - It is recommended to install a perimeter isolation strip before placing and trimming LATICRETE 170 Sound & Crack Isolation Mat. Attach the perimeter isolation strip to the perimeter wall around the entire subfloor, as well as around the perimeter of any protrusions, in order to isolate or break the vibration transmission path between the floor and the wall. Temporarily fasten perimeter isolation strip in place with masking, duct or carpet tape.
2.
Main Application - Use LATICRETE 254 Platinum to adhere the LATICRETE 170 Sound & Crack Isolation Mat to the substrate. Use a 1/4 inch x 1/4 inch (6 mm x 6 mm) notched trowel and comb mortar over substrate, apply only enough mortar as shall be covered within 25 minutes. Unroll the LATICRETE 170 Sound & Crack Isolation Mat into place, in the thin-set adhesive mortar. Once installed, use a 25 - 45 lb. (11.3 - 20 kg) roller to embed the LATICRETE 170 Sound & Crack Isolation Mat firmly into the adhesive mortar. Allow to cure for 24 hours at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C). Install LATICRETE 170 Sound & Crack Isolation Mat over the entire area to be treated. Do not overlap edges but be sure the edges of each piece butt firmly together. Trim length of mat to desired length and width. Once fully cured, install Ceramic tile finish as directed in appropriate "Thin Bed Method" or "Medium Bed Method."
3.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE 170 Sound & Crack Isolation Mat.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheet: 170.0; LATICRETE MSDS: 170.
 
I.
Pre-float Method (interior adhered veneers):
1.
Over clean, dimensionally stable and sound concrete or masonry substrates, apply thick-bed mortar as scratch/leveling coat in compliance with current revision of A108.1A (1.0, 1.4 & 5.1). Float surface of scratch/leveling coat plumb, true and allow mortar to set until firm. For installation of Ceramic tile follow appropriate "Thin Bed Method" or "Medium Bed Method."
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE 3701 Fortified Mortar, LATICRETE 254 Platinum.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 100.0, 677.0; LATICRETE MSDS:3701FMB, 254; GREENGUARD Certificates: 3701FMB, 254; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 106, 114, 118, 122, 128, 130, 143, 199, 204/
 
J.
Lath & Plaster Method (interior adhered veneers):
1.
Install cleavage membrane complying with current revision of ANSI A108.02 (3.8 Membrane or cleavage membrane). Install metal lath complying with the current revision of ANSI A108.01 (3.3 Requirements for lathing and Portland cement plastering), ANSI A108.02 (3.6 Metal lath) and A108.1A (1.0 - 1.2, 1.4, & 5.1). Apply latex-Portland cement mortar as scratch/leveling coat over wire lath, concrete or masonry in compliance with current revision of ANSI A108.01 (3.3.5.1) and A108.1A (1.4). Float surface of scratch/leveling coat plumb, true and allow mortar to set until firm. For installation of tile, brick or stone, follow appropriate "Thin Bed Method" or "Medium Bed Method."
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE 3701 Fortified Mortar, LATICRETE 254 Platinum.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 100.0, 677.0; LATICRETE MSDS: 3701FMB, 254; GREENGUARD Certificates: 3701FMB, 254; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 106, 114, 118, 122, 130, 199, 204/
 
K.
Thin Bed Method (interior adhered veneers):
1.
Install latex Portland cement mortar in compliance with current revisions of ANSI A108.02 (3.11), A108.1B and ANSI A108.5. Use the appropriate trowel notch size to ensure proper bedding of the tile, brick or stone selected. Work the latex Portland cement mortar into good contact with the substrate and comb with notched side of trowel. Spread only as much latex Portland cement mortar as shall be covered while the mortar surface is still wet and tacky. When installing large format (>8 inches x 8 inches/200mm x 200mm) tile/stone, rib/button/lug back tiles, pavers or sheet mounted ceramics/mosaics, spread latex Portland cement mortar onto the back of (i.e. ' back-butter') each piece/sheet in addition to trowelling latex Portland cement mortar over the substrate. Beat each piece/sheet into the latex Portland cement mortar with a beating block or rubber mallet to insure full bedding and flatness. Allow installation to set until firm. Clean excess latex Portland cement mortar from tile or stone face and joints between pieces.
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE 254 Platinum.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheet: 677.0; LATICRETE MSDS: 254; GREENGUARD Certificate: 254; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 118, 129, 209.
 
L.
Medium Bed Method:
1.
Install latex Portland cement mortar in compliance with current revisions of ANSI A108.02 (3.11), A108.1B and ANSI A108.5. Use the appropriate trowel notch size to ensure proper bedding of the tile, brick or stone selected. Work the latex Portland cement mortar into good contact with the substrate and comb with notched side of trowel. Spread only as much latex Portland cement mortar as shall be covered while the mortar surface is still wet and tacky. When installing large format (>8 inches x 8 inches/200mm x 200mm) tile/stone, rib/button/lug back tiles, pavers or sheet mounted ceramics/mosaics, spread latex Portland cement mortar onto the back of (i.e. ' back-butter') each piece/sheet in addition to trowelling latex Portland cement mortar over the substrate. Beat each piece/sheet into the latex Portland cement mortar with a beating block or rubber mallet to insure full bedding and flatness. Allow installation to set until firm. Clean excess latex Portland cement mortar from tile or stone face and joints between pieces.
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE 255 MULTIMAX(TM).
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheet: 255.0; LATICRETE MSDS: 255; GREENGUARD Certificate: 255; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 199.
 
M.
Epoxy Thin Bed Method:
1.
Install epoxy adhesive in compliance with current revisions of ANSI A108.02 (3.14) and ANSI A108.6. Use the appropriate trowel notch size to ensure proper bedding of the tile or stone selected. Work the epoxy adhesive into good contact with the substrate and comb with notched side of trowel. Spread only as much epoxy adhesive as shall be covered while the adhesive surface is still wet and tacky. When installing large format (>8 inches x 8 inches/200mm x 200mm) tile/stone, rib/button/lug back tiles, pavers or sheet mounted ceramics/mosaics, spread epoxy adhesive onto the back of (i.e. ' back-butter') each piece/sheet in addition to trowelling epoxy adhesive over the substrate. Beat each piece/sheet into the epoxy adhesive with a beating block or rubber mallet to insure full bedding and flatness. Allow installation to set until firm. Clean excess epoxy adhesive from tile or stone face and joints between pieces.
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATAPOXY 300 Adhesive.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 633.0; LATICRETE MSDS: 300 Part A, 300 Part B, 300 Part C; GREENGUARD Certificate: 300; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 118, 128, 154, 199, 209.
 
N.
Thin Bed Method (Glass Tiles):
1.
Ensure that the backs of the glass tiles have been thoroughly washed, rinsed, and completely dried prior to installation. Install latex Portland cement thin-set mortar in compliance with current revisions of ANSI A108.02 (3.11), A108.1B and ANSI A108.5. Remove any excess setting material from in between tile edges. If voids or water spots in the adhesive are visible through the tile, remove the tile and correct the installation. Allow the tile installation to cure a minimum of 48 hours at 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) prior to grouting. Clean excess latex Portland cement mortar from the face of the glass tiles and joints between pieces.
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE Glass Tile Adhesive.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheet: 252.0; LATICRETE MSDS: GTA; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 118, 129, 209
 
O.
Sound Abatement and Crack Suppression Adhesive (Thin Bed Method):
 
NOTE TO SPECIFIER: Ceramic tile installed with traditional thin-bed mortars shall be damaged by shrinkage related substrate cracking. Specify a sound abatement and crack suppression adhesive which complies with ANSI A118.12 to reduce crack propagation into veneers or hard finishes. Do not use a sound abatement and crack suppression adhesive if substrate cracking: 1) is due to structural movement; 2) involves vertical and/or differential movement; 3) or, involves horizontal movement > 1/8 inch (3mm)
 
1.
Install sound abatement and crack suppression adhesive in compliance with current revisions of ANSI A108.02 (3.11), A108.1B and ANSI A108.5. Use the appropriate trowel notch size to ensure proper bedding of the tile, brick or stone selected. Work the sound abatement and crack suppression adhesive into good contact with the substrate and comb with notched side of trowel. Spread only as much sound abatement and crack suppression adhesive as shall be covered while the mortar surface is still wet and tacky. When installing large format (>8 inches x 8 inches/200mm x 200mm) tile/stone, rib/button/lug back tiles, pavers or sheet mounted ceramics/mosaics, spread latex Portland cement mortar onto the back of (i.e. ' back-butter') each piece/sheet in addition to trowelling latex Portland cement mortar over the substrate. Beat each piece/sheet into the sound abatement and crack suppression adhesive with a beating block or rubber mallet to insure full bedding and flatness. Allow installation to set until firm. Clean excess sound abatement and crack suppression adhesive from tile or stone face and joints between pieces. Installations requiring sound control shall be done with either a 1/4 inch x 3/8 inch (6mm x 9mm) square notch trowel or a 1/2 inch x 1/2 inch (12mm x 12mm) square notch trowel. Installations requiring only anti-fracture shall be done using a 1/4 inch x 1/4 inch (6mm x 6mm) square notch trowel for maximum coverage.
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials:
3.
LATICRETE 125 Sound & Crack Adhesive
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheet: 204.0; LATICRETE MSDS: 125 Latex, 125 Powder; GREENGUARD Certificate: 125; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 105, 147, 163, 199
 
P.
Epoxy Spot Bond Method:
PART 4 NOTE TO SPECIFIER: Recommended Guidelines for Spot Bonding Stone: (Please consult your Local Building Code for actual code compliance); 1. Thickness: maximum thickness for tile or stone is 2 inches (50mm); 2. Facial Dimension - <= 720 in2 (4,650 cm2). For > 720 in2 (4,650 cm2) please contact LATICRETE Technical Services. 3. Module Weight - tile or stone weight is not to exceed 20 lbs. ft2 (98kg/m2). 4. Height - installation not to exceed 30 ft (9.14m) in height. For installations > 30 ft please contact LATICRETE Technical Service. Exception - adhered veneered units weighing less than 3 lb/ft2 (1.4kg/m2) shall not be limited in dimension or area. Note: Always check with the tile or stone manufacturer to make sure the tile or stone is suitable for wall installations or exterior use.
 
 
If finish materials exceed the limitations stated above, the project design professional or engineer shall approve the installation.
 
1.
Store resins at room temperature 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) for 24 hours before using. All substrates shall be clean and dry when application of LATAPOXY 310 Stone Adhesive is made. Clean and grind back of stone at areas to receive the LATAPOXY 310 Stone Adhesive spots using a mechanical wheel grinder with a diamond wheel/blade. Remove dust. Apply LATAPOXY 310 Stone Adhesive. Apply dabs evenly distributed on back of the stone or tile; 5 dabs minimum, 1 in each corner and 1 in center. Cover at least 10% of the area of each piece. Finished dab thickness shall be a minimum of 1/8 inch (3mm). After installation of LATAPOXY 310 Stone Adhesive onto the veneer, install onto substrate and adjust for plumb and level.
2.
Approximate dab diameter required to achieve 10% coverage with 5 dabs:
a.
Tile size 12 by 12 inches (300 by 300 mm), dab diameter 2 inches (50 mm).
b.
Tile size 24 by 24 inches (600 by 600 mm), dab diameter 4 inches (100 mm).
c.
Tile size 36 by 20 inches (900 by 500 mm), dab diameter 5 inches (125 mm).
3.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATAPOXY(R) 310 Stone Adhesive, LATAPOXY 310 Rapid Stone Adhesive, LATAPOXY 310 Cordless Mixer.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheet: 679.0, 679.3, 683.0; LATICRETE MSDS: 310 Part A, 310 Part B, 310 Rapid A, 310 Rapid B; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 213, 214
 
A.
Grouting or Pointing (Interior Adhered Veneers):
 
NOTE TO SPECIFIER: select one of following and specify color for each type/color of ceramic tile, mosaic, paver, trim unit:
 
1.
Chemical Resistant, Water Cleanable Tile-Grouting Epoxy (ANSI A118.3): Follow manufacturer' s recommendations for minimum cure time prior to grouting. Store liquid components of LATICRETE SPECTRALOCK PRO Premium Grout for 24 hours @ 70-80 degrees F (21-27 degrees C) prior to use to facilitate mixing and application. Substrate temperature shall be 40-95 degrees F (4-35 degrees C). Verify joints are free of dirt, debris or grout spacers. Sponge or wipe dust/dirt off tile faces and remove water standing in joints. Apply grout release to face of absorptive, abrasive, non-slip or rough textured Ceramic tile, pavers, bricks, stone or trim units that are not hot paraffin coated to facilitate cleaning. Install LATICRETE SPECTRALOCK PRO Premium Grout in compliance with current revisions of ANSI A108.02 (3.13) and ANSI A108.6 (3.0 - 4.0). Inspect grout joint for pinholes/voids and repair them with freshly mixed LATICRETE(R) SPECTRALOCK(R) PRO Premium Grout. Cautions: Do not use undiluted white vinegar on polished marble or limestone unless a test spot in an inconspicuous area indicates no change in finish appearance; do not use acid cleaners on epoxy grout less than 7 days old.
a.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE SPECTRALOCK PRO Premium Grout.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE PERMACOLOR Select Data Sheets: 281.0.
 
2.
Polymer Fortified Cement Grout (ANSI A118.7): Allow ceramic tile installation to cure a minimum of 24 hours @ 70 degrees F (21 degrees C). Verify grout joints are free of dirt, debris or tile spacers. Sponge or wipe dust/dirt off veneer face and remove any water standing in joints. Apply grout release to face of absorptive, abrasive, non-slip or rough textured Stone, or trim units to facilitate cleaning. Surface temperature shall be between 40-90 degrees F (4-32 degrees C). Install latex Portland cement grout in compliance with current revisions of ANSI A108.1A (7.0 Grouting of tile), ANSI A108.02 (4.5 Cleaning tile) and ANSI A108.10. Inspect joint for pinholes/voids and repair them with freshly mixed grout. Do not use acid cleaners on latex Portland cement grout less than 10 days old.
a.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE PERMACOLOR Select Grout.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 250.0; LATICRETE MSDS: 2500; GREENGUARD Certificates: 2500; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 201, 400.
NOTE TO SPECIFIER: The chemical resistance of grouts and pointing mortars for ceramic tile, mosaics, pavers, brick and stone will typically depend on: 1) Reagent composition and/or concentration; 2) Temperature; 3) Duration of exposure. Review test results conducted in conformance with current revision of ASTM C267 "Standard Test Methods for Chemical Resistance of Mortars, Grouts and Monolithic Surfaces and Polymer Concretes," and manufacturer's performance data and recommendations, in the context of expected chemical exposures.
 
B.
Chemical Resistant Industrial Grouting (ANSI A118.5):
1.
Follow manufacturer' s recommendations for minimum cure time prior to grouting. Prior to use, store liquid components of LATICRETE SPECTRALOCK(R) 2000 IG for 24 hours @ 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) to facilitate mixing and application. Substrate temperature shall be 45-90 degrees F (7-32 degrees C). Verify joints are free of dirt, debris or grout spacers. Sponge or wipe dust/dirt off tile faces and remove water standing in joints. Apply grout release to face of absorptive, abrasive, non-slip or rough textured ceramic tile, pavers, bricks, stone or trim units that are not hot paraffin coated to facilitate cleaning.
 
NOTE TO SPECIFIER: specify color for each type/color of ceramic tile, mosaic, paver, brick, stone or trim unit.
 
2.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials: LATICRETE SPECTRALOCK 2000 IG.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: 030.0; 004.5; LATICRETE MSDS: 2000 IG Part A, 2000 IG Part B, 2000 Part C, Cleaning Additive; GREENGUARD Certificate:2000 IG; LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 111, 198, 400/
 
C.
Expansion and Control Joints: Provide control or expansion joints as located in contract drawings and in full conformity, especially in width and depth, with architectural details.
1.
Substrate joints shall carry through, full width, to surface of tile, brick or stone.
2.
Install expansion joints in tile, brick or stone work over construction/cold joints or control joints in substrates.
3.
Install expansion joints where tile, brick or stone abut restraining surfaces (such as perimeter walls, curbs, columns), changes in plane and corners.
4.
Joint width and spacing depends on application - follow TCNA "Handbook for Ceramic, Glass, and Stone Tile Installation"Detail "EJ-171 Expansion Joints" or consult sealant manufacturer for recommendation based on project parameters.
5.
Joint width: >=1/8 inch (3mm) and <= 1 inch (25mm).
6.
Joint width: depth ~2:1 but joint depth shall be >=1/8 inch (3mm) and <=1/2 inch (12mm).
7.
Layout (field defined by joints): 1:1 length: width is optimum but shall be <= 2:1. Remove all contaminants and foreign material from joint spaces/surfaces, such as dirt, dust, oil, water, frost, setting/grouting materials, sealers and old sealant/backer. Use LATICRETE LATASIL(TM) 9118 Primer for underwater and permanent wet area applications, or for porous stone (e.g. limestone, sandstone etc.) installations. Install appropriate backing material (e.g. closed cell backer rod) based on expansion joint design and as specified in section 07 92 00. Apply masking tape to face of tile, brick or stone veneer. Use caulking gun, or other applicator, to completely fill joints with sealant. Within 5-10 minutes of filling joint, ' tool' sealant surface to a smooth finish. Remove masking tape immediately after tooling joint. Wipe excess sealant off all surfaces immediately.
8.
Use the following LATICRETE System Materials:
9.
LATICRETE LATASIL.
10.
LATICRETE LATASIL 9118 Primer.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Detail Drawings: WP300, WP301, WP302, WP303, EJ-01, EJ-06, EJ-08, EJ-09, EJ-10, EJ-12, EJ-13, EJ-14 (Sealant treatments only); LATICRETE Data Sheets: 6200.1, 6526.1; LATICRETE MSDS: LATASIL, Primer;LATICRETE Technical Data Sheets: 211, 252; NOTE TO SPECIFIER: Different finish types shall require different sealers. Impervious ceramic, and porcelain tiles do not require sealing. For finishes other than natural stone, consult LATICRETE Technical Services at 888-786-6343 extension 2, or via email, at technicalservices@laticrete.com.
 
D.
Floor Sealer:
1.
Read entire label before using. Use only as directed. Always test in a small inconspicuous area with a 24-hour cure time to determine ease of application and desired results. Allow new grout installations to cure for a minimum of 72 hours prior to application. Make sure surface is clean and free of waxes and coatings. Sealer shall be applied to damp surfaces one hour after standing water has been removed. Surface temperature shall be between 50 degrees Fahrenheit and 80 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius and 26.7 degrees Celsius). Ensure that the area is well-ventilated during application and until the surface is dry. Keep children and pets out of the area until treated surface is dry.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Recommended Surfaces: Natural stone such as honed or textured marble, granite, limestone, travertine, sandstone, Saltillo, and bluestone.
Storage and Handling Instructions: Avoid prolonged exposure to vapors. Use in a well-ventilated area. Do not ingest. Avoid contact with eyes and skin. KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN. Do not freeze or store above 100 degrees Fahrenheit /38 degrees Celsius. Do not mix with other chemicals. Do not release to natural waterways.
 
2.
Use the following LATICRETE Systems Materials: LATICRETE STONETECH(R) BULLETPROOF(R) Sealer.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** References: LATICRETE Data Sheets: BULLETPROOF Sealer; LATICRETE MSDS: BULLETPROOF Sealer/
 
4.1
CLEANING
A.
Clean excess mortar/epoxy from veneer surfaces with water before they harden and as work progresses. Do not contaminate open grout/caulk joints while cleaning. Sponge and wash veneers diagonally across joints. Do not use acids for cleaning. Polish with clean dry cloth. Remove surplus materials and leave premises broom clean.
4.2
PROTECTION
A.
Protect finished installation under provisions of section 01 50 00 - Temporary Facilities and Controls. To avoid damage to finished tile work, schedule floor installations to begin only after all structural work, building enclosure, and overhead finishing work are completed.
B.
Keep all traffic off finished tile floors until they have fully cured. Provide up to 3/4 inch (19 mm) thick plywood or OSB protection over non-staining Kraft paper to protect floors after installation material shave cured. Covering the floor with polyethylene or plywood in direct contact with the floor shall adversely affect the curing process of grout and latex/polymer fortified Portland cement mortars.
END OF SECTION