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SECTION 09 93 00
STAINS AND TRANSPARENT FINISHES
 
 
Copyright 2008 - 2014 ARCAT, Inc. - All rights reserved
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Benjamin Moore & Co.; Stains.
This section is based on the products of Benjamin Moore & Co., which is located at:
101 Paragon Dr
Montvale, NJ 07645
Toll Free Tel: 866-708-9181
Tel: 201-573-9600
Fax: 201-573-6675
Email: info@benjaminmoore.com
Web: www.benjaminmoore.com/en-us/for-architects-and-designers
[ Click Here ] for additional information.
At Benjamin Moore, we remain committed to the vision of our founder Benjamin Moore when he started the company in 1883: producing the highest-quality paints and finishes in the industry, and delivering them directly to our customers through our nationwide network of knowledgeable, customer-friendly retail store operators.
Color, technology, innovation, and leadership define Benjamin Moore & Co. For more than a century, succeeding in these areas has motivated all who work here, and continues to inspire and direct our growth today. Since 1883, we've created and sold products that preserve, protect, and beautify our homes, buildings, and structures. We excel at creating a portfolio of products that our customers desire and demand.
Today, Benjamin Moore & Co., a Berkshire Hathaway company, is a high-performing, innovative manufacturer and retailer of quality coatings and provider of related goods and services for decoration and preservation. We continue as a leader in the architectural coatings industry with products that set new standards of excellence. We manufacture at 5 plants, distribute from 20 facilities, and sell the finest paints, stains, and finishes through a network of more than 4,000 independent retailers across North America.
.
 
PART 1 GENERAL
 
1.1
SECTION INCLUDES
A.
Interior and exterior stains and clear finishes, including surface preparation.
1.2
RELATED SECTIONS
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete any sections below not relevant to this project; add others as required.
 
A.
Section 06 20 00 - Finish Carpentry.
B.
Section 07 46 33 - Plastic Siding.
C.
Section 09 64 19 - Wood Composition Flooring.
1.3
REFERENCES
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete references from the list below that are not actually required by the text of the edited section.
 
A.
Green Seal Standard GS-11; May 20, 1993.
B.
SCAQMD 1168 - South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule #1168; October 3, 2003.
C.
40 CFR 59, Subpart D - National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Architectural Coatings; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; current edition.
1.4
DEFINITIONS
A.
Stains are available in a wide range of opacities from transparent stain that allow all the grain and texture to show to solid colors which mastic all the grain but allow the texture to show. The following terms are used to describe the different opacities.
1.
Transparent.
2.
Semi Transparent.
3.
Semi Solid.
4.
Solid Color.
B.
Varnishes and clear coats are available in a wide range of sheens or glosses, as measured by a gloss meter from a 60 degree angle from vertical, as a percentage of the amount of light that is reflected. The following terms are used to describe the gloss of our products.
1.
Flat: 10 - 20 Percent.
2.
Satin / Low Lustre: 20 - 35 Percent.
3.
Semi Gloss: 35 - 70 Percent.
4.
Gloss: Over 70 Percent.
1.5
SUBMITTALS
A.
Submit under provisions of Section 01 30 00 - Administrative Requirements.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete the next paragraph if LEED Credit is not required on this project.
 
B.
Coordinate with Section 01 30 00 - Administrative Requirements.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete the next paragraph if LEED Credit is not required on this project.
 
C.
LEED Certification Product Data:
1.
See Section 01 11 13 - Work Covered by Contract Documents.
2.
Submittals Required:
a.
MRc3 Resource Reuse (LEED Form).
b.
MRc4 Recycled Content (LEED Form).
c.
MRc5 Local and Regional Materials (LEED Form).
d.
EQc4.1 Low Emitting Materials - Adhesives and Solvents (VOC Certification Letter).
e.
EQc4.2 Low Emitting Materials - Paint (VOC Certification Letter).
f.
Green Seal Standard GS-11 Certified Product certificates.
D.
Product Data: Provide a complete list of all products to be used, with the following information for each:
1.
Manufacturer's name, product name and/or catalog number, and general product category.
2.
Cross-reference to specified paint system(s) that the product is to be used in; include description of each system.
E.
Samples: Submit three paper samples, 5 inches by 7 inches (127mm x 178mm) in size, illustrating selected colors for each color and system selected with specified coats cascaded.
F.
Manufacturer's Instructions: Indicate special surface preparation procedures.
G.
Maintenance Data: Submit data on cleaning, touch-up, and repair of painted and coated surfaces.
1.6
QUALITY ASSURANCE
A.
Manufacturer Qualifications: All primary products specified in this section will be supplied by a single manufacturer with a minimum of ten (10) years experience.
B.
Installer Qualifications: All products listed in this section are to be installed by a single installer with a minimum of five (5) years demonstrated experience in installing products of the same type and scope as specified.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Include a mock-up if the project size and/or quality warrant taking such a precaution. The following is one example of how a mock-up on a large project might be specified. When deciding on the extent of the mock-up, consider all the major different types of work on the project.
 
C.
Mock-Up: Provide a mock-up for evaluation of surface preparation techniques and application workmanship.
1.
Finish areas designated by Architect.
2.
Do not proceed with remaining work until workmanship, color, and sheen are approved by Architect.
3.
Refinish mock-up area as required to produce acceptable work.
1.7
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
A.
Store products in manufacturer's unopened packaging until ready for installation.
B.
Store and dispose of solvent-based materials, and materials used with solvent-based materials, in accordance with requirements of local authorities having jurisdiction.
C.
Disposal:
1.
Never pour leftover coating down any sink or drain. Use up material on the job or seal can and store safely for future use.
2.
Do not incinerate closed containers.
3.
For specific disposal or recycle guidelines, contact the local waste management agency or district. Recycle whenever possible.
1.8
PROJECT CONDITIONS
A.
Maintain environmental conditions (temperature, humidity, and ventilation) within limits recommended by manufacturer for optimum results. Do not install products under environmental conditions outside manufacturer's absolute limits.
1.9
WARRANTY
A.
At project closeout, provide to the Owner or owner's representative an executed copy of the Manufacturer's standard form outlining the terms and conditions of and any exclusions to their Limited Warranty against Manufacturing Defect.
1.10
EXTRA MATERIALS
A.
At project closeout, supply the Owner or owner's representative one gallon of each product for touch-up purposes.
B.
At project closeout, provide the color mixture name and code to the Owner or owner's representative for accurate future color matching.
PART 2 PRODUCTS
 
2.1
MANUFACTURERS
A.
Acceptable Manufacturer: Benjamin Moore & Co., which is located at: 101 Paragon Dr; Montvale, NJ 07645; Toll Free Tel: 866-708-9181; Tel: 201-573-9600; Fax: 201-573-6675; Email: info@benjaminmoore.com; Web: www.benjaminmoore.com/en-us/for-architects-and-designers
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete one of the following two paragraphs; coordinate with requirements of Division 1 section on product options and substitutions.
 
B.
Substitutions: Not permitted.
C.
Requests for substitutions will be considered in accordance with provisions of Section 01 60 00 - Product Requirements.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete the next Article if LEED Credit is not required on this project.
 
2.2
LEED CRITERIA
A.
All paints and coatings used must meet the VOC limits of Green Seal Standard GS-11:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select applications. Retain one or both of the next sub-paragraphs
 
1.
Interior: 50 g/l VOC or less for Flats and 150 g/l VOC for Non Flats.
2.
Exterior: 100 g/l VOC for Flats and 200 g/l VOC or Less for Non Flats.
B.
EQ CR4.2 Low Emitting Materials: 1 Credit - Paint.
2.3
MATERIALS - GENERAL
A.
Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content:
1.
Provide coatings that comply with the most stringent requirements specified in the following:
a.
40 CFR 59, Subpart D--National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Architectural Coatings.
b.
Determination of VOC Content: Testing and calculation in accordance with 40 CFR 59, Subpart D (EPA Method 24), exclusive of colorants added to a tint base and water added at project site; or other method acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction.
B.
Compatibility: Provide materials that are compatible with one another and the substrates indicated under conditions of service and application, as demonstrated by manufacturer based on testing and field experience.
2.4
MIXING AND TINTING
A.
Except where specifically noted in this section, all paint shall be ready-mixed and pre-tinted. Agitate all paint prior to and during application to ensure uniform color, gloss, and consistency.
B.
Thinner addition shall not exceed manufacturer's printed recommendations. Do not use kerosene or other organic solvents to thin water-based paints.
C.
Where paint is to be sprayed, thin according to manufacturer's current guidelines.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Retain the next Article only if Exterior Primers for New Construction are required.
 
2.5
EXTERIOR WOOD
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Retain only paragraphs that apply to substrates on this project from the next three options. Delete all substrates not required.
 
A.
Wood - Exterior trim including window and door casing, rakes, fascia and soffits:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete the next two paragraphs if primer is not required. Insert primer color where specified.
 
1.
Primer Needed for Solid Color Only: Arborcoat Exterior Oil Primer 366.
2.
Primer Color: _______________.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select Finish Material. Delete nine of the next ten paragraphs.
 
3.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Exterior Oil Finish Translucent 326.
4.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Exterior Oil Stain Semi-Transparent 328/C328.
5.
Finish Material: Benjamin Moore Acrylic Solid Siding Stain N089.
6.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Exterior Oil Stain Semi Solid 329/C329.
7.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Transluscent N623.
8.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Transparent 637.
9.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Semi Transparent 638.
10.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Semi Solid 639.
11.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Solid 640.
12.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Protective Clear Coat 636.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Most product are available in Ready mixed and/or custom colors. Delete one of the next two paragraphs and insert color where required.
 
13.
Finish Color: Clear.
14.
Finish Color: _______________.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select required finish coats. Delete one of the next two paragraphs.
 
15.
Finish Coats: One (1) coat.
16.
Finish Coats: Two (2) coats.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete the next paragraph if a waterproofer is not required.
 
17.
Waterproofer: One (1) coat - Benjamin Moore Waterproofer 320.
B.
Wood Siding:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete the next two paragraphs if primer is not required. Insert primer color where specified.
 
1.
Primer Needed for Solid Color Only: Arborcoat Exterior Oil Primer 366.
2.
Primer Color: _______________.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select Finish Material. Delete nine of the next ten paragraphs.
 
3.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Exterior Oil Finish Translucent 326.
4.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Exterior Oil Stain Semi-Transparent 328/C328.
5.
Finish Material: Benjamin Moore Acrylic Solid Siding Stain N089.
6.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Exterior Oil Stain Semi Solid 329/C329.
7.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Transluscent N623.
8.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Transparent 637.
9.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Semi Transparent 638.
10.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Semi Solid 639.
11.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Solid 640.
12.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Protective Clear Coat 636.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Most products are available in Ready mixed and/or custom colors. Delete one of the next two paragraphs and insert color where required.
 
13.
Finish Color: Clear.
14.
Finish Color: _______________.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select required finish coats. Delete one of the next two paragraphs.
 
15.
Finish Coats: One (1) coat.
16.
Finish Coats: Two (2) coats.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete the next paragraph if a waterproofer is not required.
 
17.
Waterproofer: One (1) coat - Benjamin Moore Waterproofer 320.
C.
Wood Decking and Railings:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete the next two paragraphs if primer is not required. Insert primer color where specified.
 
1.
Primer Needed for Solid Color Only: Arborcoat Exterior Oil Primer 366.
2.
Primer Color: _______________.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select Finish Material. Delete eight of the next nine paragraphs.
 
3.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Exterior Oil Finish Translucent 326.
4.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Exterior Oil Stain Semi-Transparent 328/C328.
5.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Exterior Oil Stain Semi Solid 329/C329.
6.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Transluscent N623.
7.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Transparent 637.
8.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Semi Transparent 638.
9.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Semi Solid 639.
10.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Solid 640.
11.
Finish Material: Arborcoat Waterborne Exterior Stain Protective Clear Coat 636.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Most products are available in Ready mixed and/or custom colors. Delete one of the next two paragraphs and insert color where required.
 
12.
Finish Color: Clear.
13.
Finish Color: _______________.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select required finish coats. Delete one of the next two paragraphs.
 
14.
Finish Coats: One (1) coat.
15.
Finish Coats: Two (2) coats.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete the next paragraph if a waterproofer is not required.
 
16.
Waterproofer: One (1) coat - Benjamin Moore Waterproofer 320.
2.6
INTERIOR WOOD
A.
Surface Preparation:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Retain only surface preparation materials required on this project and delete all others.
 
1.
Sealer: One (1) Lenmar 1C.475 Ultra Unilaq CAB Water Clear Sanding Sealer.
B.
Wood - Millwork including doors, door frames, window frames, window sashes and muntins:
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select Finish Material. Delete four of the next five paragraphs.
 
1.
Finish Material: Benwood Stays Clear Acrylic Polyurethane Low Lustre N423.
2.
Finish Material: Benwood Stays Clear Acrylic Polyurethane High Gloss N422.
3.
Finish Material: Benwood Stays Clear Acrylic Polyurethane Flat N425.
4.
Finish Material: Lenmar Polyurethane Wood Floor Gloss Finish 1Y.359.
5.
Finish Material: Lenmar Polyurethane Wood Floor Satin Finish 1Y.354.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select Finish color. Delete one of the next two paragraphs, and insert color where specified. 422 and 423 are clear and may be tinted with up to 2 fl. oz. of Benjamin Moore Color Preview Colorants per gallon. 228 is available in a variety of pre-mixed colors. All other materials are clear.
 
6.
Finish Color: Clear.
7.
Finish Color: _______________.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select required finish coats. Three coats are only required for clear finishes. Delete two of the next three paragraphs.
 
8.
Finish Coats: One (1) coat.
9.
Finish Coats: Two (2) coats.
10.
Finish Coats: Three (3) coats.
C.
Wood - Casework including base and wall mounted kitchen cabinets and bath vanities.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select Finish Material. Delete four of the next five paragraphs.
 
1.
Finish Material: Benwood Stays Clear Acrylic Polyurethane Low Lustre N423.
2.
Finish Material: Benwood Stays Clear Acrylic Polyurethane High Gloss N422.
3.
Finish Material: Benwood Stays Clear Acrylic Polyurethane Flat N425.
4.
Finish Material: Lenmar Polyurethane Wood Floor Gloss Finish 1Y.359.
5.
Finish Material: Lenmar Polyurethane Wood Floor Satin Finish 1Y.354.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select color. 422 and 423 are clear and may be tinted with up to 2 fl. oz. of Benjamin Moore Color Preview Colorants per gallon. 228 is available in a variety of pre-mixed colors. All other materials are clear. Delete one of the next two paragraphs and insert color where required.
 
6.
Finish Color: Clear.
7.
Finish Color: _______________.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select required finish coats. Three coats are only required for clear finishes. Delete two of the next three paragraphs.
 
8.
Finish Coats: One (1) coat.
9.
Finish Coats: Two (2) coats.
10.
Finish Coats: Three (3) coats.
D.
Wood - Interior trim including baseboard and millwork casing.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select Finish Material. Delete four of the next five paragraphs.
 
1.
Finish Material: Benwood Stays Clear Acrylic Polyurethane Low Lustre N423.
2.
Finish Material: Benwood Stays Clear Acrylic Polyurethane High Gloss N422.
3.
Finish Material: Benwood Stays Clear Acrylic Polyurethane Flat N425.
4.
Finish Material: Lenmar Polyurethane Wood Floor Gloss Finish 1Y.359.
5.
Finish Material: Lenmar Polyurethane Wood Floor Satin Finish 1Y.354.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select color. 422 and 423 are clear and may be tinted with up to 2 fl. oz. of Benjamin Moore Color Preview Colorants per gallon. 228 is available in a variety of pre-mixed colors. All other materials are clear. Delete one of the next two paragraphs and insert color where required.
 
6.
Finish Color: Clear.
7.
Finish Color: _______________.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select required finish coats. Three coats are only required for clear finishes. Delete two of the next three paragraphs.
 
8.
Finish Coats: One (1) coat.
9.
Finish Coats: Two (2) coats.
10.
Finish Coats: Three (3) coats.
E.
Wood - Interior wood flooring, stair treads and risers.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select Finish Material. Delete four of the next five paragraphs.
 
1.
Finish Material: Benwood Stays Clear Acrylic Polyurethane Low Lustre N423.
2.
Finish Material: Benwood Stays Clear Acrylic Polyurethane High Gloss N422.
3.
Finish Material: Benwood Stays Clear Acrylic Polyurethane Flat N425.
4.
Finish Material: Lenmar Polyurethane Wood Floor Gloss Finish 1Y.359.
5.
Finish Material: Lenmar Polyurethane Wood Floor Satin Finish 1Y.354.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select color. 422 and 423 are clear and may be tinted with up to 2 fl. oz. of Benjamin Moore Color Preview Colorants per gallon. 246 and 228 are available in a variety of pre-mixed colors. All other materials are clear. Delete one of the next two paragraphs and insert color where required.
 
6.
Finish Color: Clear.
7.
Finish Color: _______________.
 
** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Select required finish coats. Three coats are only required for clear finishes. Delete two of the next three paragraphs.
 
8.
Finish Coats: One (1) coat.
9.
Finish Coats: Two (2) coats.
10.
Finish Coats: Three (3) coats.
PART 3 EXECUTION
 
3.1
EXAMINATION
A.
Do not begin installation until substrates have been properly prepared.
B.
Ensure that surfaces to receive paint are dry immediately prior to application.
C.
Ensure that moisture-retaining substrates to receive finishes have moisture content within tolerances allowed by coating manufacturer. Where exceeding the following values, promptly notify Architect and obtain direction before beginning work.
1.
Exterior Wood: 17 percent.
2.
Interior Wood: 15 percent.
3.
Interior Finish Detail Woodwork, Including Trim, and Casework: 10 percent.
D.
Examine surfaces to receive coatings for surface imperfections and contaminants that could impair performance or appearance of coatings, including but not limited to, loose primer, oil, grease, mildew, algae, or fungus, stains or marks, cracks, indentations, or abrasions.
E.
Correct conditions that could impair performance or appearance of coatings in accordance with specified surface preparation procedures before proceeding with coating application.
3.2
PREPARATION - GENERAL
A.
Clean surfaces thoroughly prior to coating application.
B.
Do not start work until surfaces to be finished are in proper condition to produce finished surfaces of uniform, satisfactory appearance.
C.
Stains and Marks: Remove completely, if possible, using materials and methods recommended by coating manufacturer; cover stains and marks which cannot be completely removed with isolating primer or sealer recommended by coating manufacturer to prevent bleed-through.
D.
Remove Mildew, Algae, and Fungus using materials and methods recommended by coating manufacturer.
E.
Remove dust and loose particulate matter from surfaces to receive coatings immediately prior to coating application.
F.
Remove or protect adjacent hardware, electrical equipment plates, mechanical grilles and louvers, lighting fixture trim, and other items not indicated to receive coatings.
G.
Move or protect equipment and fixtures adjacent to surfaces indicated to receive coatings to allow application of coatings.
H.
Protect adjacent surfaces not indicated to receive coatings.
I.
Prepare surfaces in accordance with manufacturer's instructions for specified coatings and indicated materials, using only methods and materials recommended by coating manufacturer.
3.3
SURFACE PREPARATION
A.
Seal knots, pitch streaks, and sap areas with sealer recommended by coating manufacturer; fill nail recesses and cracks with filler recommended by coating manufacturer; sand surfaces smooth.
3.4
APPLICATION - GENERAL
A.
Apply each coat to uniform coating thickness in accordance with manufacturer's instructions, not exceeding manufacturer's specified maximum spread rate for indicated surface; thins, brush marks, roller marks, orange-peel, or other application imperfections are not permitted.
B.
Allow manufacturer's specified drying time, and ensure correct coating adhesion, for each coat before applying next coat.
C.
Inspect each coat before applying next coat; touch-up surface imperfections with coating material, feathering, and sanding if required; touch-up areas to achieve flat, uniform surface without surface defects visible from 5 feet (1.5 m).
D.
Remove dust and other foreign materials from substrate immediately prior to applying each coat.
E.
Where application abuts other materials or other coating color, terminate coating with a clean sharp termination line without coating overlap.
F.
Where color changes occur between adjoining spaces, through framed openings that are of same color as adjoining surfaces, change color at outside stop corner nearest to face of closed door.
G.
Re-prepare and re-coat unsatisfactory finishes; refinish entire area to corners or other natural terminations.
3.5
CLEANING
A.
Clean excess coating materials, and coating materials deposited on surfaces not indicated to receive coatings, as construction activities of this section progress; do not allow to dry.
B.
Re-install hardware, electrical equipment plates, mechanical grilles and louvers, lighting fixture trim, and other items that have been removed to protect from contact with coatings.
C.
Reconnect equipment adjacent to surfaces indicated to receive coatings.
D.
Relocate to original position equipment and fixtures that have been moved to allow application of coatings.
E.
Remove protective materials.
3.6
PROTECTION
A.
Protect completed coating applications from damage by subsequent construction activities.
B.
Repair to Architect's acceptance coatings damaged by subsequent construction activities. Where repairs cannot be made to Architect's acceptance, re-apply finish coating to nearest adjacent change of surface plane, in both horizontal and vertical directions.
END OF SECTION