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PPG Architectural Finishes, Incorporated - PPG Paints Paints and Coatings for LEED V4 Projects
 
         
SECTION 09 90 00.50
 
         
PAINTS AND COATINGS FOR LEED V4 PROJECTS
 
         
 
         
Copyright 2017 - 2020 ARCAT, Inc. - All rights reserved

          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** PPG Architectural Finishes, Incorporated - PPG Paints; interior and exterior paints
This section is based on the products of PPG Architectural Finishes, Incorporated - PPG Paints, which is located at:
400 Bertha Lamme Dr.
Cranberry Township, PA 16066
Toll Free Tel: 888-PPG-IDEA
Fax: 888-434-3127
Email: request info
Web: https://www.ppgpaints.com
[ Click Here ] for additional information.

A tradition was established early with PPG - use the best technology, manufacture the best quality products and provide exceptional, dedicated service. Today, that steadfast commitment to excellence is evident in every aspect of our business. We offer solutions for architects,specifiers, paint dealers and contractors in all markets... commercial, industrial and residential.Today, PPG Paints and PPG Protective and Marine Coatings continue the foremost tradition of supplying high quality, comprehensive products lines, leading edge technologies and tailored support programs for each market segment.

Global Resources
PPG Paints and PPG Protective and Marine Coatings are from a global leader in coatings technology and a leading supplier to the building products industry. With over 100 years experience and R&D capabilities second to none, you can be sure we're bringing you the latest product advancements.

One of the Industry's Most Comprehensive Product Lines
Specially formulated to meet the requirements for each market, PPG Paints and PPG Protective and Marine Coatings offer a product for every application.

Commercial:
Building on a long heritage of quality and performance, we continue to update our commercial product line to meet all current specifications, as well as current and proposed environmental regulations. Count on PPG Paints for the products you need to meet the most demanding commercial applications.

Industrial:
PPG offers a complete line of protective and marine coatings for the most demanding environments. From epoxies and urethanes to polysiloxanes, PPG Protective & Marine coatings provide outstanding products and service to meet your needs.Institutional:Introducing a new low-odor, zero VOC PPG Paints product, Pure Performance, that offers excellent durability, washability, and touch-up. Ideal for schools, hotels, hospitals, office buildings, government offices, retail space - any space where job-site disruption is a concern and a top-performing, zero VOC product is needed.

Residential:
Exterior paints that stand up to the elements and still look great. Interior paints thatreflect the perfect mood and style. Wood stains and clears for decks and siding. Primers that start the job off right. No matter what the need, PPG Paints has the complete product line for today's residential applications.
 
          PART 1GENERAL
 
          1.1SECTION INCLUDES
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete items below not required for project.
 
          A.Surface preparation and field painting of exposed interior items and surfaces.
 
          B.Surface preparation and field painting of exposed exterior items and surfaces.
 
          C.Surface preparation and field application of interior high-performance coating systems to items and surfaces scheduled.
 
          D.Surface preparation and field application of exterior high-performance coating systems to items and surfaces scheduled.
 
          E.Painting of exposed bare and covered pipes and ducts, hangers, exposed steel and iron supports, and surfaces of mechanical and electrical equipment that do not have a factory-applied final finish.
 
          1.2RELATED SECTIONS
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete any sections below not relevant to this project; add others as required.
 
          A.Section 03 30 00 - Cast-in-Place Concrete (03 30 00) - Cast-in-Place Concrete.
 
          B.Section 05 12 13 - Architecturally-Exposed Structural Steel Framing (05 12 13) - Architecturally-Exposed Structural Steel Framing.
 
          C.Section 05 50 00 - Metal Fabrications (05 50 00) - Metal Fabrications.
 
          D.Section 06 20 00 - Finish Carpentry (06 20 00) - Finish Carpentry.
 
          E.Section 08 11 13.13 - Standard Hollow Metal Doors and Frames (08 11 13.13) - Standard Hollow Metal Doors and Frames.
 
          F.Section 09 21 16.33 - Gypsum Board Area Separation Wall Assemblies (09 21 16.33) - Gypsum Board Area Separation Wall Assemblies.
 
          1.3REFERENCES
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete references from the list below that are not actually required by the text of the edited section.
 
          A.ASTM International (ASTM):
          1.ASTM D16 - Standard Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications.
 
          B.Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC):
          1.SSPC SP6 - Commercial Blast Cleaning Procedures.
          2.SSPC SP10 - Near White Blast Cleaning Procedure.
 
          C.The California Air Resources Board (CARB).
 
          D.The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD).
 
          E.California Department of Public Health (CDPH).
 
          1.4DEFINITIONS
 
          A.General: Standard coating terms defined in ASTM D 16.
          1.Flat: A lusterless or matte finish with a gloss range below 15 when measured at an 85 degree meter.
          2.Eggshell: Low-sheen finish with a gloss range between 20 and 35 when measured at a 60 degree meter.
          3.Semi-Gloss: Medium-sheen finish with a gloss range between 35 and 70 when measured at a 60 degree meter.
          4.Full Gloss: High-sheen finish with a gloss range more than 70 when measured at a 60 degree meter.
 
          B.Environments: The following terms distinguish between different corrosive exposures:
          1.Severe Environments: Highly corrosive industrial atmospheres with sustained exposure to high humidity and condensation and with frequent cleaning using strong chemicals. Environments with heavy concentrations of strong chemical fumes and frequent splashing and spilling of harsh chemical products are severe environments.
          2.Moderate Environments: Corrosive industrial atmospheres with intermittent exposure to high humidity and condensation, occasional mold and mildew development, and regular cleaning with strong chemicals. Environments with exposure to heavy concentrations of chemical fumes and occasional splashing and spilling of chemical products are moderate environments.
          3.Mild Environments: Industrial atmospheres with normal exposure to moderate humidity and condensation, occasional mold and mildew development, and infrequent cleaning with strong chemicals. Environments with low levels of mild chemical fumes and occasional splashing and spilling of chemical products are mild environments. Normal outdoor weathering is also considered a mild environment.
 
          1.5SUBMITTALS
 
          A.Submit under provisions of Section 01 30 00 - Administrative Requirements.
 
          B.Product Data: For each paint system indicated.
          1.Material List: An inclusive list of required coating materials. Indicate each material and cross reference specific coating, finish system, and application. Identify each material by manufacturer's catalog number and general classification.
          2.Preparation instructions and recommendations.
          3.Manufacturer's Information: Manufacturer's technical information, including label analysis and instructions for handling, storing, and applying each coating material.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete selection samples if colors have already been selected.
 
          C.Selection Samples: For each finish product specified, two complete sets of color chips representing manufacturer's full range of available colors and patterns.
 
          D.Verification Samples: For each finish product specified, two samples, minimum size 6 inches (150 mm) square, representing actual product, color, and patterns.
 
          1.6QUALITY ASSURANCE
 
          A.Installer Qualifications: A firm or individual experienced in applying paints and coatings similar in material, design, and extent to those indicated for this Project, whose work has resulted in applications with a record of successful in-service performance.
 
          B.Obtain block fillers and primers for each coating system from the same manufacturer as the finish coats.
 
          C.Paint exposed surfaces. If an item or a surface is not specifically mentioned, paint the item or surface the same as similar adjacent materials or surfaces. If a color of finish is not indicated, Architect will select from standard colors and finishes available.
 
          D.Do not paint prefinished items, concealed surfaces, finished metal surfaces, operating parts, and labels.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Include a mock-up if the project size and/or quality warrant taking such a precaution. The following is one example of how a mock-up on a large project might be specified. When deciding on the extent of the mock-up, consider all the major different types of work on the project.
 
          E.Mock-Up: Provide a mock-up for evaluation of surface preparation techniques and application workmanship.
          1.Finish areas designated by Architect.
          2.Do not proceed with remaining work until workmanship, color, and sheen are approved by Architect.
          3.Refinish mock-up area as required to produce acceptable work.
 
          1.7DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
 
          A.Deliver materials to Project site in manufacturer's original, unopened packages and containers bearing manufacturer's name and label.
 
          B.Store materials not in use in tightly covered containers in a well-ventilated area at a minimum ambient temperature of 45 degrees F (7 degrees C). Maintain storage containers in a clean condition, free of foreign materials and residue.
 
          1.8PROJECT CONDITIONS
 
          A.Maintain environmental conditions (temperature, humidity, and ventilation) within limits recommended by manufacturer for optimum results. Do not install products under environmental conditions outside manufacturer's absolute limits.
 
          B.Apply waterborne paints only when temperatures of surfaces to be painted and surrounding air are between 50 and 90 degrees F (10 and 32 degrees C).
 
          C.Apply solvent-thinned paints only when temperatures of surfaces to be painted and surrounding air are between 45 and 95 degrees F (7 and 35 degrees C).
 
          D.Do not apply paint in snow, rain, fog, or mist; or when relative humidity exceeds 85 percent; or at temperatures less than 5 degrees F (3 degrees C) above the dew point; or to damp or wet surfaces.
          1.Painting may continue during inclement weather if surfaces and areas to be painted are enclosed and heated within temperature limits specified by manufacturer during application and drying periods.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Extra materials may not be allowed for publicly funded projects. Do not include for High Performance Coatings (HPC). Delete if not required.
 
          1.9EXTRA MATERIALS
 
          A.Furnish extra paint materials from the same production run as the materials applied and in the quantities described below. Package with protective covering for storage and identify with labels describing contents. Deliver extra materials to Owner.
 
          B.Quantity: Furnish Owner with an additional three percent, but not less than 1 gal (3.8 L) or 1 case, as appropriate, of each material and color applied.
 
          PART 2PRODUCTS
 
          2.1MANUFACTURERS
 
          A.Basis of Design Manufacturer: PPG Architectural Finishes, Incorporated - PPG Paints, which is located at: 400 Bertha Lamme Dr.; Cranberry Township, PA 16066; Toll Free Tel: 888-PPG-IDEA; Fax: 888-434-3127; Email: request info; Web: https://www.ppgpaints.com
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete one of the following two paragraphs; coordinate with requirements of Division 1 section on product options and substitutions.
 
          B.Substitutions: Not permitted.
 
          C.Requests for substitutions will be considered in accordance with provisions of Section 01 60 00 - Product Requirements.
 
          2.2PAINT MATERIALS
 
          A.Material Compatibility: Block fillers, primers, and finish-coat materials that are compatible with one another and with the substrates indicated under conditions of service and application, as demonstrated by manufacturer based on testing and field experience.
 
          B.VOC Classification: High-performance coating materials, including primers, undercoats, and finish-coat materials, that meet the applicable local, state or federal VOC requirements.
 
          C.LEED v4.1 EQ Credit: Low Emitting Materials, VOC limits.
          1.Interior Applications:
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** For LEED v4.1 Compliance, 100 percent of Paint and Coatings Products by Volume applied to the Interior must comply with the wet applied VOC Content Limits. Choose one VOC Content Limit below.
          a.The California Air Resources Board (CARB) 2007 Suggested Control Measure (SCM).
          b.The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 1113, in Effect 2/5/2016.
 
          D.VOC Limits for Commonly Used Coatings: Consult CARB or South Coast web links above for full category limits.
          1.Flats:
          a.CARB 2007 SCM VOC Limit: 50000 ppm (50 g per L).
          b.SCAQMD R1113, 2/5/2016 VOC Limit: 50000 ppm (50 g per L).
          2.Non-Flats:
          a.CARB 2007 SCM VOC Limit: 100000 ppm (100 g per L).
          b.SCAQMD R1113, 2/5/2016 VOC Limit: 50000 ppm (50 g per L).
          3.Non-Flat, High Gloss:
          a.CARB 2007 SCM VOC Limit: 150000 ppm (150 g per L).
          b.SCAQMD R1113, 2/5/2016 VOC Limit: 50000 ppm (50 g per L).
          4.Primers, Sealers and Undercoaters:
          a.CARB 2007 SCM VOC Limit: 10000 ppm (100 g per L).
          b.SCAQMD R1113, 2/5/2016 VOC Limit: 100000 ppm (100 g per L).
          5.Floor Coatings:
          a.CARB 2007 SCM VOC Limit: 100000 ppm (100 g per L).
          b.SCAQMD R1113, 2/5/2016 VOC Limit: 50000 ppm (50 g per L).
          6.Industrial Maintenance Coatings:
          a.CARB 2007 SCM VOC Limit: 250000 ppm (250 g per L).
          b.SCAQMD R1113, 2/5/2016 VOC Limit: 100000 ppm (100 g per L).
          7.Rust Preventative Coatings:
          a.CARB 2007 SCM VOC Limit: 250000 ppm (250 g per L).
          b.SCAQMD R1113, 2/5/2016 VOC Limit: 10000 ppm (100 g per L).
          8.Stains, Exterior:
          a.CARB 2007 SCM VOC Limit: 250000 ppm (250 g per L).
          b.SCAQMD R1113, 2/5/2016 VOC Limit: 100000 ppm (100 g per L).
 
          E.LEED v4.1 EQ Credit: Low Emitting Materials, Emissions Requirement:
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** For LEED v4.1 Compliance, 75 percent of Paint and Coatings Products by Volume applied to the Interior must comply with Emissions Requirements.
          1.Interior Applications: To demonstrate compliance, a product or layer containing paint must meet the following requirement, as applicable, with regard to emissions:
          a.General emissions evaluation. Building products must be tested and determined compliant in accordance with California Department of Public Health (CDPH) Standard Method v1.2- 2016, using the applicable exposure scenario. The default scenario is the private office scenario. The manufacturers or third-party certification must state the exposure scenario used to determine compliance. Claims of compliance for wet-applied products must state the amount applied in mass per surface area.
          b.Manufacturers' claims of compliance with the above requirements must also state the range of total VOCs after 14 days (336 hours), measured as specified in the CDPH Standard Method v1.2:
          1)Equal to or less than 0.5 ppb (0.5 mg per cu m).
          2)More than 0.5 ppb (0.5 mg per cu m) and less than 5 ppb (5.0 mg per cu m).
          3)Equal to or greater than 5 ppb (5.0 mg per cu m).
 
          F.LEED v4.1 MR Credit: Building Product Disclosure and Optimization: Environmental Product Declarations.
          1.Option 1. Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) (1 point)
          a.Use at least 20 different permanently installed products sourced from at least five different manufacturers that meet one of the disclosure criteria below.
          b.Environmental Product Declarations which conform to ISO 14025, 14040, 14044, and EN 15804 or ISO 21930 and have at least a cradle to gate scope.
          c.Product-specific Type III EPD - Products with third-party certification (Type III), including external verification and external critical review in which the manufacturer is explicitly recognized as the participant by the program operator are valued as 1.5 products for purposes of credit achievement calculation.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Consult your PPG Architect or Sales Representative for manufacturing site and/or point of purchase location. In most instances PPG should be able to provide product to within 100 miles of the project site from the point of purchase.
 
          G.LEED v4.1 MR Credit: Building Product Disclosure and Optimization: Material Ingredients.
          1.Option 1. Material Ingredient Reporting (1 point).
          a.Use at least 20 different permanently installed products from at least five different manufacturers that use any of the following programs to demonstrate the chemical inventory of the product to at least 0.1 percent (1000 ppm).
          b.Health Product Declaration. The end use product has a published, complete Health Product Declaration with full disclosure of known hazards in compliance with the Health Product Declaration open standard.
 
          H.Color: Refer to Finish Schedule and Paint Legend for paint colors.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete article if not required.
 
          2.3CONCRETE MASONRY UNIT BLOCK FILLER
 
          A.Concrete Masonry Unit Block Filler: Factory formulated high-performance latex block fillers.
          1.PPG Paints; 6-15XI SPEEDHIDE Interior/Exterior Concrete Coatings Acrylic Masonry Block Filler 48000 ppm (48 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 7.0 mils (0.178 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emissions.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** delete article if not required.
 
          2.4INTERIOR PRIMERS
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete paragraph if not required.
 
          A.Interior Concrete and Masonry Primer: Factory-formulated alkali-resistant acrylic-latex interior primer for interior application.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete subparagraphs not required.
          1.PPG Paints; 6-2 SPEEDHIDE Interior Latex Sealer Quick-Drying 46000 ppm (46 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.0 mil (0.025 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emissions.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          2.PPG Paints; 6-4900XI SPEEDHIDE zero Interior Zero VOC Latex Sealer 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.2 mils (0.030 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emissions.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          3.PPG Paints; 17-921XI Series SEAL GRIP Interior/Exterior Acrylic Universal Primer 84000 ppm (84 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.6 mils (0.041 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emissions.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          B.Interior Gypsum Board Primer: Factory-formulated latex-based primer for interior application.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete subparagraphs not required.
          1.PPG Paints; 12-900XI Series SPEEDHIDE Pro-EV Zero Interior Latex Primer 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.0 mil (0.025 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emissions.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          2.PPG Paints; 6-2 SPEEDHIDE Interior Latex Sealer Quick-Drying 46000 ppm (46 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.0 mil (0.025 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emissions.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          3.PPG Paints; 6-4900XI SPEEDHIDE zero Interior Zero VOC Latex Sealer 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.2 mils (0.030 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emissions.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          4.PPG Paints; 9-900 PURE PERFORMANCE Interior Latex Primer 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.4 mils (0.036 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emissions.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          5.PPG Paints; 17-951 SEAL GRIP Interior Primer/Finish 45000 ppm (45 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.2 mils (0.030 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emissions.
          6.PPG Paints; 17-921XI Series SEAL GRIP Interior/Exterior Acrylic Universal Primer 84000 ppm (84 g/LVOC): Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.6 mils (0.041 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          C.Interior Plaster Primer: Factory-formulated latex-based primer for interior application.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete subparagraphs not required.
          1.PPG Paints; 9-900 PURE PERFORMANCE Interior Latex Primer 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.4 mils (0.036 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          2.PPG Paints; 17-951 SEAL GRIP Interior Primer/Finish 45000 ppm (45 g/LVOC): Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.2 mils (0.030 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          3.PPG Paints; 17-921XI Series SEAL GRIP Interior/Exterior Acrylic Universal Primer 84000 ppm (84 g/LVOC): Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.6 mils (0.041 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          D.Interior Wood Primer: Factory-formulated acrylic-latex-based interior wood primer.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete subparagraphs not required.
          1.PPG Paints; 12-900XI SPEEDHIDE Pro-EV Zero Interior Latex Primer 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.0 mil (0.025 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          2.PPG Paints; 6-2 SPEEDHIDE Interior Latex Sealer Quick-Drying 46000 ppm (46 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.0 mil (0.025 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          3.PPG Paints; 6-4900XI SPEEDHIDE zero Interior Zero VOC Latex Sealer 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.2 mils (0.030 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          4.PPG Paints; 9-900 PURE PERFORMANCE Interior Latex Primer 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.4 mils (0.036 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          5.PPG Paints; 17-951 SEAL GRIP Interior Primer/Finish 45000 ppm (45 g/LVOC): Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.2 mils (0.030 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          6.PPG Paints; 17-921XI Series SEAL GRIP Interior/Exterior Acrylic Universal Primer 84000 ppm (84 g/LVOC): Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.6 mils (0.041 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          E.Interior Ferrous, Non-Ferrous, Galvanized Metal and Aluminum Primer: Factory-formulated acrylic water-based rust-inhibitive metal primer.
          1.PPG Paints; 4020 PF Series Pitt-Tech Plus Interior/Exterior DTM Industrial Primer 91000 ppm (91 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 2.2 mils (0.056 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete articles not required.
 
          2.5EXTERIOR PRIMERS
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete paragraphs not required.
 
          A.Exterior Concrete and Masonry Primer: Factory-formulated alkali-resistant acrylic-latex primer for exterior application.
          1.PPG Paints; 17-921XI Series SEAL GRIP Interior/Exterior Acrylic Universal Primer 84000 ppm (84 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.6 mils (0.041 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          B.Exterior Gypsum Soffit Board Primer: Factory-formulated alkali-resistant acrylic-latex primer for exterior application.
          1.PPG Paints; 17-921XI Series SEAL GRIP Interior/Exterior Acrylic Universal Primer 84000 ppm (84 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.6 mils (0.041 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          C.Exterior Wood Primer for Acrylic Enamels: Factory-formulated latex wood primer for exterior application.
          1.PPG Paints; 17-921XI Series SEAL GRIP Interior/Exterior Acrylic Universal Primer 84000 ppm (84 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.6 mils (0.041 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          D.Exterior Ferrous, Non-Ferrous, Galvanized Metal and Aluminum Primer: Factory-formulated acrylic water-based rust-inhibitive metal primer.
          1.PPG Paints; 4020 PF Series Pitt-Tech Plus Interior/Exterior DTM Industrial Primer 91000 ppm (91 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 2.2 mils (0.056 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete article not required.
 
          2.6INTERIOR FINISH COATS
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete paragraphs not required.
 
          A.Interior Flat Latex: Factory-formulated flat acrylic latex-based interior paint.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete subparagraphs not required.
          1.PPG Paints; 12-110XI Series SPEEDHIDE Pro-EV Zero Interior Wall and Ceiling Latex Flat 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.3 mils (0.033 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          2.PPG Paints; 6-0100 Series SPEEDHIDE Interior Latex Flat less than less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.4 mils (0.036 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          3.PPG Paints; 6-70 Series SPEEDHIDE Interior Wall Flat-Latex Paint less than less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.3 mils (0.033 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          4.PPG Paints; 6-4110XI Series SPEEDHIDE zero Interior Zero VOC Latex Flat 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.3 mils (0.033 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          5.PPG Paints; 9-110XI Series PURE PERFORMANCE Paint and Primer in One Flat Latex 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.5 mils (0.038 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
 
          B.Interior Eggshell Acrylic Enamel: Factory-formulated eggshell acrylic-latex interior enamel.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete subparagraphs not required.
          1.PPG Paints; 12-310XI Series SPEEDHIDE Pro-EV Zero Interior Wall and Ceiling Latex Eggshell 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.3 mils (0.033 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          2.PPG Paints; 6-4101 Series SPEEDHIDE Interior Latex Low Sheen Eggshell less than less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.2 mils (0.030 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          3.PPG Paints; 6-411 Series SPEEDHIDE Eggshell Acrylic Latex Enamel less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.5 mils (0.038 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          4.PPG Paints; 6-4310XI Series SPEEDHIDE zero Interior Zero VOC Latex Eggshell 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.4 mils (0.036 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          5.PPG Paints; 9-310XI Series PURE PERFORMANCE Paint and Primer in One Eggshell Latex 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.4 mils (0.036 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
 
          C.Interior Satin Acrylic Enamel: Factory-formulated satin acrylic-latex interior enamel.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete subparagraphs not required.
          1.PPG Paints; 6-3011 Series SPEEDHIDE Interior Latex Low Lustre less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.2 mils (0.030 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          2.PPG Paints; 6-3511 Series SPEEDHIDE Interior Latex Satin less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.3 mils (0.033 mm)
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          3.PPG Paints; 6-4410XI Series SPEEDHIDE zero Interior Zero VOC Latex Satin 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.5 mils (0.038 mm)
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          4.PPG Paints; V51-410 Series Break-Through! Interior/Exterior Satin Water-Borne Acrylic less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.3 mils (0.033 mm)
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
 
          D.Interior Semi-Gloss Acrylic Enamel: Factory-formulated semi-gloss acrylic-latex enamel
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete subparagraphs not required.
          1.PPG Paints; 12-510XI Series SPEEDHIDE Pro-EV Zero Interior Wall and Ceiling Latex Semi-Gloss 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.2 mils (0.030 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          2.PPG Paints; 6-500 Series SPEEDHIDE Interior Semi-Gloss Latex 50000 ppm (less than 50) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.4 mils (0.036 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          3.PPG Paints; 6-4510XI Series SPEEDHIDE zero Interior Zero VOC Latex Semi-Gloss 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.3 mils (0.033 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          4.PPG Paints; 9-510XI Series PURE PERFORMANCE Paint and Primer in One Semi-Gloss Latex 0 ppm (0 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.4 mils (0.036 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
          c.Health Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for HPD.
          5.PPG Paints; 4216 HP Series Pitt-Tech Plus Interior/Exterior Semi-Gloss DTM Industrial Enamel 91000 ppm (91g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 2.0 mils (0.051 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          E.Interior Full-Gloss Acrylic Enamel: Factory-formulated full-gloss acrylic-latex interior enamel.
          1.PPG Paints; V71-610 Series Break-Through! Interior/Exterior Gloss Water-Borne Acrylic less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.5 mils (0.038 mm)
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
 
          F.Interior Eggshell Water Borne Acrylic Epoxy:
          1.PPG Paints; 16-310 Series PITT-GLAZE WB1 Interior Eggshell Pre-Catalyzed Water-Borne Acrylic Epoxy 95000 ppm (95 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.5 mils (0.038 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          G.Interior Semi-Gloss Water Borne Acrylic Epoxy:
          1.PPG Paints; 16-510 Series PITT-GLAZE WB1 Interior Semi-Gloss Pre-Catalyzed Water-Borne Acrylic Epoxy 97000 ppm (97 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.5 mils (0.038 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          H.Interior Flat Waterborne Acrylic Dry Fog:
          1.PPG Paints; 6-725XI Series SPEEDHIDE SUPER-TECH WB Interior Dry Fog Flat Latex 30000 ppm (30 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 2.2 mils (0.056 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          I.Interior Eggshell Waterborne Acrylic Dry Fog:
          1.PPG Paints; 6-724XI SPEEDHIDE SUPER-TECH WB Interior Dry Fog Eggshell Latex 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 2.2 mils (0.056 mm).
          a.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          J.Interior Semi-Gloss Waterborne Acrylic Dry Fog:
          1.PPG Paints; 6-727XI SPEEDHIDE SUPER-TECH WB Interior Dry Fog Semi-Gloss Latex less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 2.2 mils (0.056 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          b.Environmental Product Declaration: Refer to manufacturer's published data for EPD.
 
          K.Interior/Exterior High Performance Satin Polysiloxane:
          1.PPG Paints; PSX 805 Engineered Satin Siloxane 75000 ppm (75 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 3.0 mils (0.076 mm).
          a.Emissions: Refer to manufacturer's published data for emission.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete article if not required
 
          2.7EXTERIOR FINISH COATS
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete paragraphs not required.
 
          A.Exterior Flat Acrylic Paint: Factory-formulated flat acrylic-emulsion latex paint for exterior application.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete subparagraphs not required.
          1.PPG Paints; 6-610XI Series SPEEDHIDE Exterior 100 percent Acrylic Latex Flat less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.5 mils (0.038 mm).
          2.PPG Paints; 72-45XI Series SUN PROOF Exterior 100 percent Acrylic Latex Flat Paint less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.6 mils (0.041 mm).
          3.PPG Paints; 759-10 Series PERMANIZER Exterior Paint and Primer in One 100 percent Acrylic Latex Flat less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 2.3 mils (0.059 mm).
 
          B.Exterior Satin Acrylic Paint: Factory-formulated satin acrylic-latex paint for exterior application.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete subparagraphs not required.
          1.PPG Paints; 6-2045XI Series SPEEDHIDE Exterior 100 percent Acrylic Latex Satin less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.4 mils (0.036 mm).
          2.PPG Paints; 76-45XI Series SUN PROOF Exterior 100 percent Acrylic Latex Satin Paint less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.6 mils (0.041 mm).
          3.PPG Paints; 769-10 Series PERMANIZER Exterior Paint and Primer in One 100 percent Acrylic Latex Satin less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 2.2 mils (0.056 mm).
          4.PPG Paints; V51-410 Series Break-Through! Interior/Exterior Satin Water-Borne Acrylic less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.3 mils (0.033 mm).
          5.PPG Paints; 90-1110 Series Pitt-Tech Plus Interior/Exterior Satin DTM Industrial Enamel 85000 ppm (85 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 2.0 mils (0.051 mm).
 
          C.Exterior Semi-Gloss Acrylic Paint: Factory-formulated Semi-Gloss waterborne acrylic-latex enamel for exterior application.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete subparagraphs not required.
          1.PPG Paints; 6-900XI Series SPEEDHIDE Exterior 100 percent Acrylic Latex Semi-Gloss less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.4 mils (0.036 mm).
          2.PPG Paints; 78-45XI Series SUN PROOF Exterior 100 percent Acrylic Latex Satin Paint less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.5 mils (0.038 mm).
          3.PPG Paints; 749-10 Series PERMANIZER Exterior Paint and Primer in One 100 percent Acrylic Latex Semi-Gloss less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 2.1 mils (0.053 mm).
          4.PPG Paints; 4216 HP Series Pitt-Tech Plus Semi-Gloss DTM Industrial Enamel 91000 ppm (91 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 2.0 mils (0.051 mm).
 
          D.Exterior Full-Gloss Acrylic Enamel: Factory-formulated full-gloss waterborne acrylic-latex enamel for exterior application.
          ** NOTE TO SPECIFIER ** Delete subparagraphs not required.
          1.PPG Paints; 6-8534 Series SPEEDHIDE Interior/Exterior 100 percent Acrylic Latex Gloss less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.2 mils (0.030 mm).
          2.PPG Paints; V71-610 Series Break-Through! Interior/Exterior Gloss Water-Borne Acrylic less than 50000 ppm (50 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 1.5 mils (0.038 mm).
          3.PPG Paints; 90-1310 Series Pitt-Tech Plus Gloss DTM Industrial Enamel 90 ppm (90 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 2.0 mils (0.051 mm).
 
          E.Exterior High Performance Satin Polysiloxane:
          1.PPG Paints; PSX 805 Engineered Satin Siloxane 75 ppm (75 g/L) VOC: Applied at a dry film thickness of not less than 3.0 mils (0.076 mm).
 
          PART 3EXECUTION
 
          3.1EXAMINATION
 
          A.Do not begin installation until substrates have been properly prepared.
 
          B.If substrate preparation is the responsibility of another installer, notify Architect of unsatisfactory preparation before proceeding.
 
          C.Coordination of Work: Review other Sections in which primers are provided to ensure compatibility of the total system for various substrates. On request, furnish information on characteristics of finish materials to ensure use of compatible primers.
          1.Notify Architect about anticipated problems when using the materials specified over substrates primed by others.
          2.If a potential incompatibility of primers applied by others exists, obtain the following from the primer Applicator before proceeding:
          a.Confirmation of primer's suitability for expected service conditions.
          b.Confirmation of primer's ability to be top coated with materials specified.
 
          3.2PREPARATION
 
          A.General: Remove hardware and hardware accessories, plates, machined surfaces, lighting fixtures, and similar items already installed that are not to be painted. If removal is impractical or impossible because of size or weight of the item, provide surface-applied protection before surface preparation and painting.
          1.After completing painting operations in each space or area, reinstall items removed using workers skilled in the trades involved.
 
          B.Cleaning: Before applying paint or other surface treatments, clean substrates of substances that could impair bond of the various coatings. Remove oil and grease before cleaning.
          1.Schedule cleaning and painting so dust and other contaminants from the cleaning process will not fall on wet, newly painted surfaces.
 
          C.Surface Preparation: Clean and prepare surfaces to be painted according to manufacturer's written instructions for each substrate condition and as specified.
          1.Provide barrier coats over incompatible primers or remove and reprime.
          2.Provide barrier coats over incompatible primers or remove primers and reprime substrate.
          3.Cementitious Substrates: Prepare concrete, brick, concrete masonry block, and cement plaster surfaces to be coated. Remove efflorescence, chalk, dust, dirt, grease, oils, and release agents. Roughen as required to remove glaze. If hardeners or sealers have been used to improve curing, use mechanical methods to prepare surfaces.
          a.Use abrasive blast-cleaning methods if recommended by coating manufacturer.
          b.Determine alkalinity and moisture content of surfaces by performing appropriate tests. If surfaces are sufficiently alkaline to cause the finish paint to blister and burn, correct this condition before application. Do not coat surfaces if moisture content exceeds that permitted in manufacturer's written instructions.
          4.Wood Substrates: Clean surfaces of dirt, oil, and other foreign substances with scrapers, mineral spirits, and sandpaper, as required. Smoothly sand surfaces exposed to view and dust off.
          a.Scrape and clean small, dry, seasoned knots, and apply a thin coat of white shellac or other recommended knot sealer, before applying primer.
          b.Immediately on delivery, prime edges, ends, faces, undersides, and backsides of wood to be coated.
          c.After priming, fill holes and imperfections in the finish surfaces with putty or plastic wood filler. Sand smooth when dried.
          5.Ferrous Metal Substrates: Clean ungalvanized ferrous-metal surfaces that have not been shop coated; remove oil, grease, dirt, loose mill scale, and other foreign substances. Use solvent or mechanical cleaning methods that comply with SSPC recommendations.
          a.Blast-clean steel surfaces as recommended by coating manufacturer and according to SSPC-SP 10.
          b.Treat bare and sandblasted or pickled clean metal with a metal treatment wash coat before priming.
          c.Touch up bare areas and shop-applied prime coats that have been damaged. Wire brush, solvent clean, and touch up with same primer as the shop coat.
          6.Nonferrous-Metal Substrates: Clean nonferrous and galvanized surfaces according to manufacturer's written instructions for the type of service, metal substrate, and application required.
          a.Remove pretreatment from galvanized sheet metal fabricated from coil stock by mechanical methods.
 
          D.Material Preparation: Carefully mix and prepare coating materials according to manufacturer's written instructions.
          1.Maintain containers used in mixing and applying coatings in a clean condition, free of foreign materials and residue.
          2.Stir materials before applying to produce a mixture of uniform density. Stir as required during application. Do not stir surface film into the material. Remove film and, if necessary, strain coating material before using.
          3.Use only the type of thinners approved by manufacturer and only within recommended limits.
          4.Tinting: Tint each undercoat a lighter shade to simplify identification of each coat when multiple coats of same material are applied. Tint undercoats to match the color of the finish coat, but provide sufficient differences in shade of undercoats to distinguish each separate coat.
 
          3.3APPLICATION
 
          A.General: Apply paint according to manufacturer's written instructions. Use applicators and techniques best suited for substrate and type of material being applied.
 
          B.General: Apply high-performance coatings according to manufacturer's written instructions.
          1.Use applicators and techniques best suited for the material being applied.
          2.Do not apply high-performance coatings over dirt, rust, scale, grease, moisture, scuffed surfaces, or conditions detrimental to forming a durable coating film.
          3.Coating surface treatments, and finishes are indicated in the coating system descriptions.
          4.Provide finish coats compatible with primers used.
          5.The term "exposed surfaces" includes areas visible when permanent or built-in fixtures, convector covers, grilles, covers for finned-tube radiation, and similar components are in place. Extend coatings in these areas, as required, to maintain system integrity and provide desired protection.
 
          C.Application Procedures: Apply coatings by brush, roller, spray, or other applicators according to manufacturer's written instructions.
          1.The number of coats and film thickness required is the same regardless of application method.
          2.Completed Work: Match approved Samples for color, texture, and coverage. Remove, refinish, or recoat work that does not comply with specified requirements.
 
          3.4FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
 
          A.Owner reserves the right to invoke the following test procedure at any time and as often as Owner deems necessary during the period when paint is being applied:
          1.Owner will engage a qualified independent testing agency to sample paint material being used. Samples of material delivered to Project will be taken, identified, sealed, and certified in the presence of Contractor.
          2.Owner may direct Contractor to stop painting if test results show material being used does not comply with specified requirements. Contractor shall remove noncomplying paint from Project site, pay for testing, and repaint surfaces previously coated with the noncomplying paint. If necessary, Contractor may be required to remove noncomplying paint from previously painted surfaces if, on repainting with specified paint, the two coatings are incompatible.
 
          3.5CLEANING
 
          A.After completing painting, clean glass and paint spattered surfaces. Remove spattered paint by washing and scraping without scratching or damaging adjacent finished surfaces.
 
          3.6PROTECTION
 
          A.Protect work of other trades, whether being painted or not, against damage from painting. Correct damage by cleaning, repairing or replacing, and repainting, as approved by Architect.
 
          B.Provide "Wet Paint" signs to protect newly painted finishes. After completing painting operations, remove temporary protective wrappings provided by others to protect their work.
 
          C.After work of other trades is complete, touch up and restore damaged or defaced painted surfaces.
 
         
END OF SECTION